Indicators of hightech industries in the European Union Veijo Ritola Head of Section Science, Techno - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Indicators of hightech industries in the European Union Veijo Ritola Head of Section Science, Techno

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Outline of the presentation. Short introduction to Science, Technology ... engaged in intra- and extra- mural R&D expenditure in high-tech manufacturing - 2006 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Indicators of hightech industries in the European Union Veijo Ritola Head of Section Science, Techno


1
Indicators of high-tech industries in the
European UnionVeijo Ritola Head of Section
Science, Technology and Innovation
StatisticsEurostat European Commission
2
Outline of the presentation
  • Short introduction to Science, Technology and
    Innovation statistics
  • Short briefing to the current policy needs
  • Definition of the high-tech
  • Selected statistics
  • This presentation is not for making an in-depth
    analysis over the high-tech and its importance in
    the European Union but to give a general
    introduction to the official statistics in the
    area

3
Science, Technology and Innovation Statisticsat
Eurostat European Commission
  • Research Development surveys (expenditures-perso
    nnel-budget)
  • Mandatory data collected three times a year in
    co-operation with the OECD
  • Highlight figure is RD share of GDP EU is well
    below Lisbon target 3
  • Present challenges new indicators for the
    monitoring European Research Area (on public RD
    budgets, on abroad source of RD funding)
  • Community Innovation Survey
  • Mandatory data collected every two years
  • Information on innovation activities
    (project-process-organisational-marketing
    innovation), objectives, sources for innovations,
    forms of co-operation 2008 Eco-innovations
  • Present challenges development for 2010 survey,
    introduction of the new elements (new activities,
    design, skills, user driven innovation )
  • Careers of Doctorate Holders
  • Pilot data 2006 covering 20 MS collected in
    co-operation with the OECD and UIS (UNESCO)
  • Emphasis on mobility and research activities of
    the DHs
  • Present challenges design the survey 2009, cope
    with the variable survey populations (no unique /
    harmonised survey frames)

4
Science, Technology and Innovation Statisticsat
Eurostat European Commission
  • Patent statistics
  • Data extracted from the European Patent Office
    sources and edited, aggregated and disseminated
    by Eurostat for all EU27 ()
  • Output indicator of RD, innovation
  • Present challenges create more breakdowns /
    indicators (fields of technology), search ways to
    combine with other business data
  • Human Resources in Science and Technology
  • Data extracted from several Eurostat sources and
    edited, aggregated and disseminated by Eurostat
    for all EU27 ()
  • - Rich information on people participating ST
    activities definition based on the cross
    tabulation of education and occupation, used
    often as proxy for researchers
  • Present challenges balance the quality with the
    potential tabulations
  • High-Tech and Knowledge Intensive Services
  • Data extracted from several Eurostat sources and
    edited, aggregated and disseminated by Eurostat
    for all EU27 ()
  • Rich information on employment, trade etc.
  • Present challenges balance the quality with the
    potential tabulations, NACE and SITC revision
    adaptations

5
Why the collection of statistics on science,
technology and innovation?
Research
Growth and jobs
Assessment and evaluation of the EU actions and
policies Analysing the progress made towards
Lisbon goals
Education
Innovation
EU actions and policies
  • DG Research
  • DG Enterprise
  • FP7 Seventh Framework Programme for
  • research and technological development
  • European Research Area
  • ERA-NET
  • Joint Technology Initiatives
  • Joint Research Centre etc.
  • Innovation Plan
  • Innovation Scoreboard

6
Fresh policy needs for STI statistics Components
of the (European Research Area) ERA Vision
2020EU Council Conclusions 16767/08 2 December
2008
  • Mobilising RD to address major societal
    challenges, respond to citizen needs and support
    policy development building mutual trust and
    continuous dialogue between society and the ST
    community
  • Stimulate business to innovate and invest in
    Europe promote strong interactions within the
    knowledge triangle and public private
    partnerships in support of industrial
    competitiveness
  • Enhance the effectiveness of knowledge transfer
    and circulation across ERA
  • Strengthen the excellence of the ST base
  • Ensure an adequate supply and mobility of human
    resources in an open and competitive single
    labour market for researchers
  • Develop and ensure access to world class and
    globally integrated and networked research
    infrastructure
  • Enhance science and technology capacity building
    in support of cohesion
  • Stimulate international cooperation in science
    and technology and a wide opening to the world

7
Approaches in compilation of high-tech statistics
PRODUCT APPROACH
SECTORAL APPROACH
  • Products identified following the Standard
    International Trade Classification (SITC)
  • Sectors identified following the Statistical
    Classification of Economic Activities in the
    European Community (NACE)

Sectors identified according to the
technological intensity RD expenditure/value
added
Products identified according to the high value
of RD intensity RD expenditure/total sales
PATENTS
High-tech and biotechnology patents identified
according to International Patent
Classification (IPC 8th edition)
8
Sectoral approach based on NACE (ISIC)
  • NACE
  • common EU classification of economic activities
  • covers a whole range of economic activities
  • hierarchical structure (4dgt)
  • Manufacturing sector
  • High-technology manufacturing
  • Medium-high technology manufacturing
  • Medium-low technology manufacturing
  • Low-technology manufacturing
  • Services
  • Knowledge intensive services
  • Less knowledge intensive services
  • Manufacturing and services
  • classified according to
  • the level of technological intensity
  • RD expenditure/value added
  • the share of the highest educated staff
  • Classification is relative to
  • variables used
  • the data of the countries used
  • the time the data refer to
  • thresholds set

9
Aggregation of manufacturing sectors (NACE Rev.
1.1) according to the technological intensity
sectoral approach
10
Aggregation of services (NACE Rev. 1.1) according
to the knowledge intensity sectoral approach
11
Product approach based on SITC
  • Indicators
  • Import/export in Mio Euro
  • World shares
  • Ratio of countrys high-tech trade in its total
    trade
  • Share of intra-EU trade
  • HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS
  • Aerospace
  • Armament
  • Computers-Office machines
  • Electronics-Telecommunication
  • Pharmacy
  • Scientific instruments
  • Electrical machinery
  • Non-electrical machinery
  • Chemistry
  • To measure
  • Countries performance in developing and
    commercialising technology
  • Capacity to carry out RD
  • Capacity to develop new knowledge
  • Capacity to transform the knowledge into advanced
    goods
  • Data collection
  • Traders customs declarations (extra-EU27)
  • Direct enterprise declarations (intra-EU27)
  • Data source and coverage
  • Comext database EU trade
  • Comtrade database World trade

Classification is less relative as the products
are assumed to be more homogeneous (than the
sectors) and therefore less dependent on the set
of the countries used
12
High-tech group of products according to SITC
Rev. 4 product approach
13
High-tech group of products according to SITC
Rev. 4 product approach
14
Indicators for high-tech sectors (NACE)
sectoral approach
  • RD personnel and expenditure
  • Employment statistics for high-tech sectors
  • Innovation activities
  • Structural business statistics (number of
    enterprises, turnover, value added at factor
    costs, production value, social security costs
    etc)
  • Mean annual earnings by sex, age and level of
    education
  • RD survey
  • Labour Force Survey (LFS)
  • Community Innovation Survey (CIS)
  • Structural Business Survey (SBS)
  • Structure of Earnings Survey (SES)

Indicators for high-tech trade (SITC) product
approach
  • Import and export of high-tech group of products

Comext/Comtrade
Patent indicators (IPC)
EPO, USPTO
  • High-tech patents in high-technology fields and
    biotechnology patents

15
Total intramural RD expenditure (GERD) as a of
GDP - 2006
16
RD expenditure in high-tech manufacturing sector
as a of total GDP - 2006
17
Share of female researchers (HC) in high-tech
manufacturing sector and in all sectors - 2005
18
Employment in high-tech sectors as a percentage
of total employment in 2007 and growth of
employment in high-tech sectors 2002-2007
High growth
High shares
19
Share of technicians and professionals in
high-tech sectors and in all sectors - 2007
20
Share of enterprises with innovation activities -
2006
Product oriented innovative enterprises as a
percentage of innovative enterprises - 2006
21
Share of innovative enterprises engaged in intra-
and extra- mural RD expenditure in high-tech
manufacturing - 2006
22
Labour productivity (value added at factor cost
per person employed) in thousand EUR in high-tech
sectors and in all sectors 2006
23
Production value per enterprise in EUR million
in high-tech sectors - 2006
24
Mean annual earnings in all sectors and in
high-tech sectors - 2006
25
Mean annual earnings by gender in high-tech
manufacturing sector - 2006
26
World distribution of high-tech exports by group
of products - 2007
Electronics- Telecommunication 34.1
World market shares of high-tech exports - 2007
27
World market shares for the exports of biggest
high-tech groups of products - 2007
28
Patent statistics
  • European Patent Organisation (EPO)
  • US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)
  • Japanese Patent Office (JPO)
  • Triadic patent families
  • Data collection based on the International Patent
    Classification (IPC)
  • To measure
  • Research output
  • Innovation activities
  • Technological progress
  • Capacity to exploit knowledge
  • Patents in high-technology fields
  • identified following IPC codes
  • High-tech patents
  • Biotechnology patents
  • Nanotechnology patents

29
High-tech patent applications to the EPO by
high-tech field - 2005
High-tech patent applications to the EPO per
million inhabitants - 2005
30
Total number of biotechnology patent applications
to the EPO - 2005
Biotechnology patent applications to the EPO per
million inhabitants - 2005
31
Total number of nanotechnology patent
applications to the EPO by subgroup - 2005
32
Where to find STI statistics?
  • WEB
  • Eurostat/Science, Technology and Innovation
  • http//epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu
  • OECD database
  • http//www.oecd.org/statsportal/
  • DG Research
  • http//ec.europa.eu/research/
  • PUBLICATIONS
  • Eurostat collections
  • Statistical Book on Science, technology and
    innovation 2009
  • Pocketbook on Science, technology and innovation
    2008
  • Statistics in Focus e.g. Employment in high and
    medium-high technology manufacturing
  • DG Research
  • Key figures on Science, technology and
    competitiveness 2008/2009
  • DG Enterprise
  • European Innovation Scoreboard 2008

33
Thank you for your attention
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