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PSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUES ON YOUNG PEOPLE ADAPTATION TO WORK

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According to the European statistics, there are approximately 75 million young ... reaction pattern to aversive and noxious aspects of work, work environments and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUES ON YOUNG PEOPLE ADAPTATION TO WORK


1
PSYCHOSOCIAL ISSUES ON YOUNG PEOPLE ADAPTATION
TO WORK
  • psih. Raluca Iordache
  • SR, Ergonomics Department
  • National Research Development Institute for
    Labour Protection Alexandru Darabont Bucharest
  • iorraluca_at_yahoo.com

2
  • According to the European statistics, there are
    approximately 75 million young people in the EU
    Member States. These young people need quality
    jobs, with good health and safety.
  • European Youth Pact, adopted at the spring 2005
    European Council summit, states as key strategy
    element creating quality jobs for young people.
  • To accomplish this objective, creating quality
    young staff is a must. This aim involves pre-work
    health and safety education, as part of preparing
    young people for work.

3
Community Strategy on Health and Safety at Work
stresses the need for awareness raising and
education from an early stage and from the
beginning of work life and for education and the
prevention culture as key factors for maintaining
and improving quality of work.
4
I. Factors influencing the young people
adaptation to work
  • Proceeding from occupational risks employees may
    be exposed, New Community Strategy on Health and
    Safety at Work stresses as priorities new risk
    factors specific to the actual technical
    economic stage, informational society as
    needing for special attention, including
    psychosocial risk factors, especially stress.

5
  • Therefore, according to European statistics,
    stress is the second health problem at work,
    affecting 28 of European Union employees, over
    40 millions employees respectively, including
    young employees.

6
Young people high risk group to psychosocial
risk factors
  • Focusing on high psychosocial risk groups, the
    group of young people has an important place
    within studies and analysis assessment
    approaches of psychosocial risk factors needed to
    be realized.
  • Young people are a vulnerable group (high risk
    group) to psychosocial risk factors at work,
    comparatively to older employees (according to EC
    Report - Guidance on work related stress,
    1999).

7
  • Changes in social situation carry an increased
    risk for some types of people, like young people
  • - health and welfare problems of adolescents
    tend to be overlooked
  • - transition into adulthood, entry into formal
    occupation (or the long term unemployment) and
    movement away from family of origin, all take
    place in a setting of rapid social changes and
    conflicting, often ambiguous, social values.

8
Why are young people vulnerable to occupational
risks?
  • On the one side,
  • Inexperience and unfamiliarity with the task they
    are doing and the work environment
  • Physically and mentally immaturity etc.
  • on the other side,
  • Lack of awareness of OSH risks and OSH
    information / training
  • Lack of awareness of employers duties, and their
    own rights and responsibilities.
  • these vulnerability factors could determine
  • not paying enough attention to health and safety,
    and
  • high risk-taking behaviour among some young
    people.

9
Psychosocial risk factors
  • Occupational
  • risk factors,
  • also
  • psychosocial

Individual factors
Good balance
NO
YES
Performance, success
Dezadaptation to work
10
  • According to the European Commission definition,
    work related stress is the emotional,
    cognitive, behavioural and psychological reaction
    pattern to aversive and noxious aspects of work,
    work environments and work organisations.
  • Stress is due to the disparity between us and
    our work, to the conflicts between our work and
    out work roles and the lack of a reasonable
    control degree of our own work and life.
  • It can be stated that stress occurs when the
    requirements of the job do not match the
    capabilities of the workers to cope with (or to
    control)."

11
The causes of stress (often called stressors) can
be many and vary and can occur as a result of
combination of more than one stressor.
12
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13
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14
II. Adaptation resourcesYoung people join the
work life with a multitude of resources / factors
that positively influence adaptation to work,
from technical, organizational and psychosocial
perspective - Young people may have good
theoretical instruction, and especially desire to
perfect themselves as professionals, to develop
job adjusted skills, creativity and innovative
spirit.
15
  • - When young employees profit by supervision
    and support, some stress factors could be
    transformed in stimulating factors for a larger
    development of work and organization related
    vision. - Young employees are receptive to
    information regarding workplace health and safety
    and are prepared to act to protect themselves
    when they know about potential hazards.

16
CONCLUSIONS
  • According to the factors analyzed above, the work
    per se and work environment could result in
    stress factors, influencing young people
    adaptation to work.
  • Therefore, it comes into prominence the necessity
    of adopting analysis, assessment and reduction
    measures of psychosocial risk factors for young
    people at the workplace, in order to ensure work
    health and safety conditions and improve their
    adaptation to activity.

17
  • Analysis of risk factors perceived as stressful
    for young employees at the workplace, should
    involve all issues of work design and management,
    and of social and organizational contexts not
    only the physical, tangible issues, but the
    psychosocial ones as well.
  • Thus, there is a reaction at organizational
    level, at source, to reduce the exposure to risks
    perceived as stressful, and at the individual
    level, to reduce the stress experience and
    effects on health.

18
  • The effects on health state involve not only
    physical health, but the psychosocial and social
    health, adjustment capacity and, therefore,
    affect young employees availability for work,
    from both quantitative and qualitative
    perspective.
  • If young employees or a sufficient number of
    employees are affected, it is not hard to see
    that all organization health and safety, and also
    performance will be affected.

19
THANK YOU!
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