Compilation of Distributive Trade Statistics in African Countries Workshop for African countries on the implementation of International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 27-30 May 2008, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Compilation of Distributive Trade Statistics in African Countries Workshop for African countries on the implementation of International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 27-30 May 2008, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Title: Compilation of Distributive Trade Statistics in African Countries Workshop for African countries on the implementation of International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 27-30 May 2008, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


1
Compilation of Distributive Trade Statistics in
African CountriesWorkshop for African countries
on the implementation of International
Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics
27-30 May 2008, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
UNITED NATIONS STATISTICS DIVISION Trade
Statistics Branch Distributive Trade Statistics
Section
2
Overview
  • Two questionnaires sent by UNSD prior to the
    workshop
  • Distributive trade statistics Compilation
    practice (metadata)
  • Seeks information on the institutional and
    methodological framework for the compilation of
    DTS, data sources, data compilation and
    dissemination practices
  • Distributive trade statistics Data availability
  • Does not seek real numbers, rather, asks whether
    particular data items and breakdowns are
    available

3
Purpose of DTS questionnaires
  • To collect information of African countries
    practices on DTS
  • Look at the current situation with regard to the
    international comparability of DTS
  • Identify challenges and good practices
  • To provide inputs for the preparation of future
    manuals on DTS
  • To assess the capacity of African countries to
    provide data for the future DTS data
    questionnaire and pilot DTS database

4
Questionnaire on Compilation practice Major
findings (1)
  • Legal and institutional frameworks for the
    compilation of DTS are in place in the majority
    of respondent African countries
  • Methodological framework
  • Half of the countries follow M57 or national
    methodologies compatible with it
  • Dissemination and use of DTS
  • One third of the countries do not publish DTS
  • Half of the countries produce and disseminate DTS
    metadata

5
Questionnaire on Compilation practice Major
findings (2)
  • Registers, units, classifications
  • Most of the countries have a business register,
    concerns about its maintenance and up-to-date
    coverage
  • Some of the countries use list frames for DTS
    surveys
  • Establishment or enterprise are used as a unit in
    DTS
  • Most of the units in trade a single establishment
    enterprises
  • This difference in country practices is taken
    into account in IRDTS 2008
  • All countries use ISIC or national
    classifications compatible with it as a
    classification of activities
  • Different versions of ISIC have different scope
    of section G
  • Concerns about the international comparability of
    data

6
Questionnaire on Compilation practice Major
findings (3)
  • Data sources and data collection strategies
  • Differences in survey approach among countries
  • New tendency of using administrative data sources
    is emerging
  • Periodicity of DTS surveys in some countries is
    problematic (when surveys are carried out at 5
    years or longer intervals of time)
  • Informal sector units
  • Important for DTS in African countries
  • A small number of countries do not cover them at
    all or cover only those in urban areas

7
Questionnaire on Compilation practice Major
findings (4)
  • Data items
  • Data items for the calculation of distributive
    trade output and VA are available mainly with
    annual periodicity
  • Majority of countries have information about
    inventories and GFCF
  • Employment data available in all countries
    mainly with annual periodicity
  • Performance indicators
  • Only half of the countries compile some growth
    rates and ratios for evaluating the performance
    of distributive trade sector
  • DTS indices
  • Compilation of indices - very challenging for
    African countries

8
Questionnaire on Compilation practice Major
challenges (1)
  • Institutional
  • Limited resources
  • Lack of cooperation from the statistical units
  • General resistance from respondents including
    late responding and refusals
  • Methodological
  • Improper records keeping of units makes it
    difficult to get accurate data
  • Financial Statements are not always presented in
    a format useful for deriving the necessary NA
    aggregates
  • Incorrect administrative data

9
Questionnaire on Compilation practice Major
challenges (2)
  • Organization of DTS surveys
  • Not representative surveys, usually covering only
    urban areas
  • Outdated business register makes it impossible to
    conduct DTS surveys
  • Problems with tracing sampled units
  • Low response rate, frequent closure of
    businesses, substitution, technical problems with
    weights and inclusion of informal sector units
  • DTS in NA faces the problem of source data
    deficiency
  • Classification of units are not always existent
    or if they do, may not be at the desired ISIC
    level
  • Shifts in classifications of units based on
    changing activities

10
Questionnaire on Data availability Major
findings (1)
  • Annual data
  • By activity
  • Most of the respondent countries have annual data
    corresponding to the majority of data items
    indicated except for gross output, gross margin
    and total value added
  • Only about one third of the countries are able to
    supply some annual information on GO, gross
    margin and total VA
  • By size class of enterprises
  • About 2/3 of the countries had some statistics
    being collected although not necessarily in all
    the recommended size breakdown

11
Questionnaire on Data availability Major
findings (2)
  • Annual data (cont.)
  • Data items with no breakdown required
  • Some data is available from a quarter of the
    countries
  • For others it simply not being collected due to a
    lack of resources or a different approach (e.g.,
    commodity flow), lower ISIC revision, etc.
  • Quarterly data
  • Available from 6 countries
  • Monthly data
  • Available from only 3 countries

12
Questionnaire on Data availability Major
challenges
  • Annual data
  • Full scale international comparability is
    unfeasible at this stage
  • Absence of harmonized classifications
  • Different versions of ISIC used
  • To help compilers of DTS, the UNSD will include a
    transition key between ISIC, Rev.4 and previous
    versions of ISIC in the DTS Compilers Manual
  • Differences in the level of compilation of data
    items
  • Short-term statistics
  • High priority should be given by African
    countries to the development of quarterly and
    monthly DTS, incl. development of appropriate
    data sources

13
  • Thank You
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