Aboriginal%20Land%20Treaties - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Aboriginal%20Land%20Treaties

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Aboriginal Land Treaties. Canadian History. Treaties: Overview. Agreements between ... clauses which described what the aboriginal group(s) in a particular area ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aboriginal%20Land%20Treaties


1
Aboriginal Land Treaties
  • Canadian History

2
Treaties Overview
  • Agreements between Natives the Crown
  • 50 separate treaties
  • Gradually surrender of Native rights in return
    for reserves, money, food, medicine, other
    necessities
  • Each treaty contained different clauses which
    described what the aboriginal group(s) in a
    particular area would actually receive

3
Treaties Two Main Types
  • General treaties of peace, friendship, war
    alliance (Maritimes, southern Ontario Quebec)
  • Specific treaties involving the exchange of land
    rights for reserves, money, provisions,
    hunting/fishing privileges (Maritimes, Ont,
    Prairies, B.C)

4
Early Treaties
  • Royal Proclamation 1763
  • British attempted to divide N. Amer. Between
    Europeans Aboriginals
  • Natives were granted all land not settled to the
    west of Quebec

5
Numbered Treaties
  • Between 1871 1921, 11 treaties were signed with
    the 1st Nations of Canada
  • Treaties were designed to coincide with the
    opening of western Canada to new groups of
    settlers

6
Numbered Treaties Group Work
  • When was the treaty formed?
  • What areas of Canada did it affect?
  • What Native groups were involved?
  • What were the main points of the treaty?
  • What did the Native groups surrender to the
    government?

7
Numbered Treaties 1-5
8
Numbered Treaties 6-7
9
Numbered Treaties 8-11
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