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DEPARTMENTAL OF HOUSING PERSPECTIVE TOWARDS THE GLOBAL COMPETITIVE CITY REGION

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Title: DEPARTMENTAL OF HOUSING PERSPECTIVE TOWARDS THE GLOBAL COMPETITIVE CITY REGION


1
DEPARTMENTAL OF HOUSING PERSPECTIVE TOWARDS
THE GLOBAL COMPETITIVE CITY REGION
  • HOUSING SERMINAR
  • 18 OCTOBER 2006

2
CONTENT
  • VISION AND MISSION
  • BACKGROUND
  • SUSTAINABLE HUMAN SETTLEMENT PROGRAMME
  • PRIORITY PROJECT
  • PLANNING DISPENSATION
  • FINANCIAL IMPLICATION.

3
OVERVIEW
  • VISION
  • A province where all households inhabit quality
    homes in vibrant and sustainable communities.
  • MISSION
  • To provide appropriate quality services, tenure,
    housing in targeted precincts and communities
    working in partnership with stakeholders.

4
BACKGROUND
  • The Apartheid Past
  • One of the obvious manifestations of the
    apartheid past was the creation of racially
    divided communities
  • Levels of infrastructure and other
    public/government
  • investments in these communities were racially
    motivated
  • The apartheid government invested heavily in
    white demarcated areas at the expense of
    black dormitory townships
  • Black areas were more for dormitory purposes,
    devoid of any social amenities, recreational
    facilities and economic activities

5
BACKGROUND
  • The Apartheid Past
  • (continued)
  • In 1994, the democratically elected government
    inherited a system of gross spatial inequalities
    in areas inhabited by mostly poverty-stricken
    Black people
  • About 60 of the African population was
    informally housed in 1994
  • Despite artificially low levels of urbanization
    due to influx control policies and practices
  • Urban migration from the late 1980s had given
    rise to large-scale of informal settlements,
    without bulk infrastructure( internal
    services-water and sewer, electricity, roads,
    storm water and drainage as well as community
    facilities

6
Comprehensive Plan for Housing DevelopmentTowards
Global City Region
  • The following objectives have been defined by the
    national
  • Department of Housing
  • - Accelerating the delivery of housing as a key
    strategy for poverty alleviation.
  • - Utilizing provision of housing as a major job
    creation strategy.
  • - Ensuring property can be accessed by all as an
    asset for wealth creation and empowerment.
  • - Leveraging growth in the economy.
  • - Promoting social cohesion and improving
    quality of life for the poor.
  • - Support the functioning of the entire single
    residential property market to reduce duality
    within the sector by breaking the barriers
    between the first economy residential property
    boom and the second economy slump.
  • - Utilizing housing as an instrument for the
    development of sustainable human settlements in
    support to spatial
  • re-structuring.

7
PROVINCIAL STRATEGIC PRIORITIES FOR THE FIVE YEAR
TERM OF GOVERNMENT
  • Enabling faster economic growth and job creation
  • Fighting poverty and building safe , secure and
    sustainable communities
  • Developing healthy, skilled and productive people
  • Deepening democracy and nation building
  • Building an effective and caring government

8
Departmental Responses to the Provincial
Priorities
  • Strategic Objectives of the DOH
  • To build an effective, efficient and caring
    government in the delivery of housing
  • To facilitate, fund, manage the provision of
    tenure and appropriate quality services and
    houses
  • To facilitate and project manage the
    implementation of broad-based urban regeneration
  • To densify housing on well located land as well
    as diversifying housing stock for various
    markets
  • To complete all targeted time-bound projects
  • To contribute to National policy processes and
    address gaps that hinder sustainable development,
    and
  • To mainstream implementation of the EPWP and
    labour intensive methods.

9
DEPARTMENTAL PRIORITIES TILL 2008/9
  • The Department of Housing has refocused its plan
    and the following has been prioritised
  • Formalisation and Eradication of Informal
    Settlement
  • Development of Social and Mixed Income
    Settlements
  • Regeneration of Twenty Old established Townships
  • Affordable Rental Accommodation
  • Urban Regeneration

10
The Strategic Shift Implemented
  • Shifting the focus of the housing programme to a
    community and area wide approach
  • Stimulating the supply of a more diverse set of
    housing and settlement types through greater
    choice of housing types, densities, locations,
    tenure options, housing credit, and delivery
    routes
  • Intervening in land and rental markets to ensure
    that equitable development and integration are
    achieved
  • Harnessing the resources of the private sector to
    deliver at scale
  • Mobilising communities and community-based
    organisations to engage more effectively with the
    housing programme
  • Shifting delivery to local government sphere
    through greater devolution of responsibility and
    resources to municipalities

11
STRATEGIC POLICY SHIFTS
  • The key policy development embedded in the New
    Comprehensive Plan include
  • - A policy to upgrade informal settlements
    progressively based on an integrated community
    development approach and involving the
    community as a whole.
  • - A housing land policy will serve to prioritise
    the release of public land and the acquisition
    of private land for low cost housing projects.
  • - A social housing and medium density policy and
    programme aims to establish social housing
    institutions that will develop and manage
    quality, well located, largely rental housing
    stock on a sustainable basis.
  • - A policy and programme to provide primary
    social and economic infrastructure in low
    income housing developments will contribute
    towards enhancing the quality of the living
    environments by providing for community needs.

12
PRIORITY PROJECTS 2006-09
  • Social and Mixed Housing
  • To use innovative approaches that can deliver
    large scale sustainable housing in shortest time
    possible to help reduce the current housing
    backlog.
  • Implementation strategies
  • Mixed Developments ( mixed tenure mixed land
    use)
  • High density typologies
  • Eradication of Informal Settlements
  • To look at alternative technologies at the right
    cost that can help accelerate the eradication of
    informal settlements by 2014
  • Implementation Strategies
  • In-situ upgrades using alternative building
    technologies
  • Relocations reception areas using alternative
    building techniques

13
PRIORITY PROJECTS 2006-09
  • Affordable Rental Accommodation
  • To enlist partnerships that support the social
    contract for rapid housing delivery to respond to
    affordable rental needs for the income level
    R1-R1500.
  • Implementation strategies
  • Project clustering to allow flexibility in income
    and product mix for sustainable development.
  • Innovative property management structure and
    transfer of ownership models.

14
PRIORITY PROJECTS 2006-09
  • Urban Renewal
  • Initiate new approaches which aim to deliver
    visible impact at a shortest time possible to
    urban renewal projects with the aim of using this
    visible impact to attract new investors for
    commercial other developments.
  • Implementation strategies
  • Prioritize infrastructure projects using private
    sector partnerships for visible impact.
  • Drive LED projects using private sector,
    Community and Social Investment projects to
    ensure sustainable livelihoods.

15
PRIORITY PROJECTS 2006-09
  • Twenty (20)Priority Townships Programme
  • The objective of the Programme is to achieve
  • Integrated planning Infrastructure development
    partnerships across spheres of Govt
  • Private sector involvement
  • Enabling Polices to Fast Track Service Delivery
  • Explore Innovative Funding models (investors)
  • Social Investment Projects to Ensure Sustainable
    Livelihoods

16
STRATEGIC INTERVENTIONS NEEDING ONGOING ATTENTION
  • Shortcomings in the Integrated Development Plans
    (IDP)
  • Most of the IDPs submitted by the municipalities
    do not address the challenges posed by the
    housing backlog within their areas of
    jurisdiction. In addition the absence of the
    spatial development frameworks in most IDPs,
    means that Gauteng Housing activities are not
    integrated in these plans, thereby undermining
    the sustainability and successful integration of
    housing within the wider urban environment.
    Municipality Housing Development Plans (MHDPs)
    are prepared by the department in co-operation
    with the municipalities to address this gap.
  • The MHDP review will consistently ensure
    revelation and implementation of the Departments
    strategic objectives to those set by
    municipalities. The MHDPs will comprise the
    housing component of the municipal IDPs.
  • The Implementation of National Norms and
    Standards relating to Size and Quality
  • Maintain the National norms and standards to
    regulate the quality of the housing projects as
    well as tenders awarded for construction of
    housing and units..

17
DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN THE CITY REGION
  • Promotion of integrated planning and improved
    co-ordination
  • Avoid fragmented development and edge cities
  • Equal distribution to limit the competition for
    urban services
  • Land uses to compliment each and not hamper
    sustainability

18
PLANNING IN A CITY REGION
  • Through urban development gear the city for
    competition globally
  • Synergy and alignment between various municipal
    Spatial Development Frameworks
  • Avoid spaces that are spatially juxtaposed
  • Avoid polarized areas of economic activity and
    prosperity
  • The planning approval processes are lengthy and
    are mostly outside the direct sphere of control
    of the Housing Department.
  • The planning cycle from project identification
    until start of implementation can take on average
    from 18 24 months. The main contributors to the
    lengthy planning process is EIA approval, land
    purchase and township approval

19
HOUSING AS DRIVER OF THE GLOBAL CITY REGION
  • Promote in-fill development and the promotion of
    nodes and corridors
  • Strengthening of transport routes
  • Even spread of various income groups across the
    urban landscape
  • Promote opportunities close to place or work and
    play
  • Restoring previous distorted residential spatial
    patterns
  • Integrating urban centres as a cohesive complex
  • Inclusionary Housing
  • Promote planning across municipal borders
  • Free flow of goods and services irrespective of
    location

20
Financial Implication
  • Alignment of budget for housing development
  • It has become imperative that the alignment of
    the budgets received by both Provincial and Local
    Municipalities towards the achievement of a
    common goal in terms of housing and
    infrastructure development.
  • At present the primary provider in terms of
    Housing Development and funding hereof still
    emanates from the Provincial Housing Department.
    It is therefore on this very note that the
    funding from the respective sources needs to be
    co-ordinated and pulled in order to achieve an
    Integrated Human Settlement

21
Financial Implication
  • Governance and budget implications with the cross
    boarder
  • Whilst the Constitutions refers to co-operative
    governance being a practice that both National,
    Provincial and Local Municipalities should be
    fostering, our operations tend to lean towards a
    silo approach rather than a fully fledged
    integrated approach hence governance structures
    are fashioned in the same approach relative to
    the silo mentality

22
Financial Implications
  • Utilisation of resources to achieve the 2014
    vision
  • resources from various sectors would have to be
    used to achieve this goal. The respective
    municipalities, in particular the housing units
    within the municipalities, should therefore be
    encouraged to be vocal when it comes to the MIG
    allocation in that the said MMC should table a
    motion in council for approval whereby a
    dedicated portion of the MIG funding be utilized
    for internal reticulation apart from the normal
    bulk services provision.
  • In this fashion it is able to assist with the
    speeding up of top structure construction within
    its municipal boundaries
  • Donor funding/Loan Acquisition from other
    agencies such as Development Bank of SA

23
Financial Implications
  • Incentives balance of priorities
  • The role out of the Inclusionary Policy is of
    utmost importance in order bridge the divide
    between the first economy and the second economy.
  • Serious consideration should then be built into
    the system whereby various incentives such as tax
    breaks should then be accorded to developers

24
WHAT IS REQUIRED FROM THE HOUSING SECTOR
  • To interrogate all our strategies and plans
  • How can these be aligned to our vision of
    building Gauteng as a globally competitive city
    region?
  • What would need to be done to increase
    intergovernmental co-operation particularly in
    those areas that can take our vision forward?
  • What are the governance implications?

25
INTERVENTION
  • BNG CHALLENGES
  • Immigration increase
  • Old township are deteriorating through lack of
    maintenance
  • Unavailability of well located land
  • Slumlordism
  • Unavailability of rental accommodation
  • Court orders
  • Decaying of inner city properties
  • Need diversification of product from the RDP
    stereotype
  • Lack of financial resources and capacity

26
Think globally act locallyTHANK YOU
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