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Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through education and learning


... all primary schools has a section on starting up a business based on a cartoon ... use the Agenda to establish its priorities, and to draw ideas for future actions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through education and learning

Enterprise and Industry Directorate General
Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through
education and learning
Kirsi Ekroth-ManssilaDeputy Head of
Unit European CommissionEnterprise and Industry
Political framework
  • Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Jobs Member
    States should reinforce entrepreneurship
  • Commissions Annual Progress Report 2006
    proposal to add entrepreneurship to all national
    school curricula
  • Recommendation of the European Parliament and the
    Council entrepreneurship is a key competence for

What is Entrepreneurship Education ?
  • To develop personal attributes and horizontal
    skills creativity, initiative, risk-taking,
    autonomy, self-confidence, leadership,
  • Awareness of self-employment and entrepreneurship
    as possible career options
  • Learning by doing work on concrete projects
    (e.g. students running mini-companies)
  • Specific business skills how to start and run
    successfully a company.

Entrepreneurship related skills
Personal skills Business skills
Team working Basic economics
Communication Financial literacy
Self-confidence Developing market research
Taking initiative Drafting a business plan
Problem-solving Raising finance
Taking calculated risk Sales techniques
Leadership Running a business meeting
Policy instruments
Open method of co-ordination ToolsExpert
groups, studies, dialogue with governments and
stakeholders, benchmarking, monitoring of
progress, organisation of events. ObjectivesTo
promote the exchange and dissemination of good
practice. To steer policy action in the EU
Member States.
Some activities of the EC
  • Education for Entrepreneurship, especially in
    primary and secondary schools. Expert Reports and
    Guide on Good Practice
  • Student Mini-companies in Secondary Education.
    Expert Report and audiovisual material
  • Commissions Communication Fostering
    entrepreneurial mindsets through education and
  • Ongoing project
  • Entrepreneurship in Higher Education, especially
    in non-business studies

Share of secondary schools participating in
mini-company programmes
Commission Communication
  • Commission Communication - COM (2006) 33
  • Fostering entrepreneurial mindsets through
    education and learning
  • Objectives
  • Set the scene, and showcase good practice
  • Identify key issues to be addressed
  • Suggest measures for a more systematic strategy
  • Trigger action in the Member States

Some good examples
  • Finland entrepreneurship strategy was jointly
    developed by different ministries and
  • Luxembourg programme for all primary schools has
    a section on starting up a business based on a
  • Poland entrepreneurship is a compulsory subject
    in all secondary schools
  • Spain, Asturias students run import-export
    mini-companies as part of the regional curriculum
    for secondary schools
  • UK pilots in schools and now dissemination
    Science Enterprise Challenge introducing
    entrepreneurship in science and technological

Proposed action
  • Develop a coherent framework
  • Support to schools and teachers
  • Participation by external actors and teachers
  • Fostering entrepreneurship in higher education
  • Share and disseminate good practice

Oslo Conference October 2006
Entrepreneurship Education in Europe Fostering
Entrepreneurial Mindsets through Education and
Learning http//
.htm How to turn the action lines of the
Commission Communication into concrete activities
The Oslo Agenda for Entrepreneurship Education in
  • A rich catalogue of initiatives, based on
    successful experiences in Europe
  • Stakeholders can pick actions at the appropriate
  • Possible actors are indicated for each one of the
    proposed actions

Actions proposed
  • Framework for policy development
  • Ensure political support at high level
  • Better integrate entrepreneurship education into
    the Lisbon monitoring process
  • Set up a European-wide framework of objectives
  • Launch national strategies
  • Create Steering Groups European and national
  • Ensure coordination at EU level in the evaluation

Actions proposed
  • Support to educational establishments
  • Integrate entrepreneurship in curriculum
  • Commission to support curricular reforms
  • Support the use of practice-based tools
  • Ensure sustained funding/support
  • Build European and national platforms for
  • Develop research to assess the impact

Actions proposed
  • Support to teachers and educators
  • Attach training to teachers to curriculum
  • Adopt innovative methods to train teachers
  • Set-up incentives at school level to enable
  • Support the mobility of educators across Europe

Actions proposed
  • Entrepreneurship activities in schools and in
    higher education
  • Raise awareness of the role of entrepreneurs
  • Introduce innovative pedagogies into all courses
  • Test entrepreneurial competences of students
  • Link students to companies and business people
  • Allow and support the spontaneous initiative of
    student associations
  • Engage alumni in the activities

Actions proposed
  • Entrepreneurship activities in schools (contd)
  • Offer training to disadvantaged groups
  • Integrate entrepreneurship across different
  • Bring entrepreneurs into the classroom, and
    involve students in enterprise projects
  • Increase the production of European case studies
  • Give entrepreneurship more academic esteem
  • Embed evaluation into all programmes

Actions proposed
  • Building links and opening education to the
    outside world
  • Encourage the creation of learning communities
  • Businesses to donate a part of the working time
    of staff to activities in school / university
  • Create label for entrepreneurial schools and
    entrepreneurial universities
  • Establish entrepreneurship centres at a local

Actions proposed
  • Communication activities
  • Launch awareness campaigns EU and national
  • Celebrate entrepreneurship programmes that work
  • Establish awards to acknowledge enterprises that
    donate funds and time

Next steps
  • Dissemination to policy makers in public
    administrations and to other stakeholders
  • A source of inspiration for any strategy or
    specific measures to be implemented at national
    and regional level
  • The Commission will use the Agenda to establish
    its priorities, and to draw ideas for future