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THE INTRODUCTION OF THE FIRST NPP IN TUNISIA PROJECT STATUS

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Rapid change of fuel prices, affecting appreciably the cost of the kWh. ... Development of local industry and creation of job. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE INTRODUCTION OF THE FIRST NPP IN TUNISIA PROJECT STATUS


1
THE INTRODUCTION OF THE FIRST NPP IN TUNISIA
PROJECT STATUS
Technical Meeting/Workshop on Evaluation
Methodology for Nuclear Power Infrastructure
Development 10-12 December 2008
Jomaâ Souissi

Souad Baccouche
Société Tunisienne dElectricité et du Gaz
Centre National des Sciences et Technologies
Nucléaires
2
Outline
1- Introduction to Tunisia 2- Introduction of
the first NPP in Tunisia 3- Legal framework 4-
Strategic plan 5- Site selection 6- Human
resources development
3
Introduction to Tunisia
Total area 164 000 km² Population 10
millions (2007)
4
Justification of the introduction of NPP in
Tunisia
  • Limited national production of hydrocarbons,
    problem if absence of new ressources.
  • Rapid change of fuel prices, affecting
    appreciably the cost of the kWh.
  • Increasing demand for electricity (6,6
    average).
  • Weak cost of nuclear fuel compared to the total
    cost of the kWh produced (15 compared to 68
    for fossile fuel)
  • The kWh cost is not very sensitive to the price
    fluctuations of nuclear fuel.
  • Energy Sources Diversification (in 2007, 82 of
    the produced electricity comes from natural gas).
  • Reduction of the CO2 emissions
  • Development of local industry and creation of
    job.

5
Electricity production (Current situation )
6
Energy comsumption (Future )
Future
Scénarios
7
Electricity comsumption (Future )
8
Introduction of the first NPP in Tunisia
to build the first nuclear power plant by 2020
decision of the government (November 2006)
  • The feasibility study contucted by Electricity
    Authority (STEG)

  • Nuclear Research Center (CNSTN)

a - Cooperation with IAEA b - Cooperation with
CEA (France) c - Establishment of related
national institutions d - Humane resources
Development
9
Previous activities
Conducted between 1979 - 2005
  • Evaluation of optimal date to introduce the first
    NPP in the country ( by 2020 600 to 1000 MW).
  • Selection of 4 candidate sites.
  • Drafting project on legal framework

10
Work organization
Working group
Establishment of a working group in STEG
10 persons
Taskforce
Constitution of taskforce for the preparation of
all aspect related to this project from
representative of
  • STEG
  • CNSTN
  • Ministry of Industry

Meeting every two weeks
11
Legal framework
  • Legislative framework
  • Regulatory framework

First step to consider is the legal framework
Work achieved
  • Creation of a working group for legislation
    aspects several working group meetings are
    held
  • Review of the national legislation related to
    the safe and peaceful uses of nuclear energy

12
Legal framework
Work achieved
  • Organization of workshop (with IAEA) related to
    the nuclear legislation including
  • Scope and components of nuclear law and
    regulation
  • Codes and standards, licensing process,
    assessments, inspections
  • Radiation protection and regulatory control of
    radioactive materials and other sources of
    ionizing radiation
  • Nuclear safety and the necessity of establishing
    of a regulatory body

13
Legal framework
Work in progress
a- Draft law on the peaceful use of nuclear
energy and its applications being completed b-
Elaboration of draft decree related to the
creation and the organization of the Authority
for Nuclear Safety (ASN) c- Elaboration of
draft decree related to the creation and the
organization of the National Nuclear Energy
Authority (ANEN)
(ASN)
equivalent to Regulatory body
(ANEN) equivalent to (NEPIO)
14
Legal framework
Work in progress
The draft decree related to the Authority for
Nuclear Safety
  • Ministry of industry
  • Ministry of higher education

Prime ministry
The draft decree related to the National Nuclear
Energy Authority
  • Ministry of industry
  • Ministry of higher education

Prime ministry
  • Ministerial Council will be held in near future
    for the creation of
  • Authority for Nuclear Safety (ASN)
  • National Nuclear Energy Authority (ANEN)

15
Legal framework
Prime Ministry
Directly linked
National Nuclear Energy Authority
Authority for Nuclear Safety
16
National Nuclear Energy Authority
Legislation
17
Strategic plan
Based on IAEA guide NG-G 3.1

Milestones in the Development of a National

Infrastructure for Nuclear Power
Work achieved
  • Review of the first phase of this plan with two
    IAEA experts (August 2008)
  • Review of the first phase of this plan with CEA
    (France) (November 2008)

18
Energy planning
Work achieved
Energy planning Project 2007 -2011 (with IAEA)
  • Experts mission (November 2007) for the
    initiation of a feasibility study on nuclear
    power
  • Training of STEG staff and other institutions on
    energy planning models
  • Development of three scenarios on energy demand
    by 2030
  • Review of different scenarios by an expert of the
    IAEA

19
Energy planning
Work in progress
  • Review of certain assumptions regarding
  • Energy Efficiency
  • transportation
  • GDP growth

Elaboration of a program for the energy
infrastructure development with the integration
of nuclear energy
20
Site selection
Work achieved
  • Review and synthesis of previous studies
  • Sites parameters Review by two IAEA experts
  • meteorological and atmospheric characteristic
  • external events (flood)
  • human activities
  • Dispersal of radioactive material
  • Evaluation of seismic risk

21
Site selection
Work in progress
  • Identification of actions which could be executed
    by national institutions
  • Elaboration of site specifications

22
Human resources development
Work achieved
  • Training of working group staff (4 weeks, France)
  • Training of 7 people in nuclear engineering (1
    year, France)
  • Evaluation of needed competency (STEG) during
    the different phases of the project
  • Preparation
  • Inviting bids
  • Construction
  • Operation

23
Human resources development
Work in progress
  • Training and qualification for the specification
    elaboration tender
  • Training and qualification of competencies for
    the analysis and Tenders
  • Needs in expertise assistance

24
Thank you for your attention !
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