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Global Map as a base of utilization of Global Earth Observation Data

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India 65. Philippines 65. Colombia 62. Bangladesh 59. Argentina 58. 2001 ... Global Map links physical data with socio-economic data, leading to value-added ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Global Map as a base of utilization of Global Earth Observation Data


1
Global Map -as a base of utilization of Global
Earth Observation Data-
  • Secretary
  • International Steering Committee for Global
    Mapping
  • MAY, 2006

2
What is Global Map
  • Digital geographic dataset of
  • Global coverage
  • Consistent specifications
  • Worldwide open distribution
  • Expected application
  • Analyses for solving global environmental
    problems
  • Monitoring activities for environmental change at
    global level

3
Who is making Global Map
  • NMOs (National Mapping Organizations) are assumed
    to make Global Map for their countries
  • Support scheme available for those who are
    difficult in making Global Map by themselves
  • Global Map are open to public through the Web
    (www.iscgm.org)
  • International Steering Committee for Global
    Mapping (ISCGM)
  • 20 members incl. Heads of 17
  • Chair Prof. D.R.F Taylor (Carlton Univ., Canada)
  • Secretariat Geographical Survey Institute (GSI),
    Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
    (MLIT), Government of Japan

4
History of Global Mapping
  • 1992 UNCED
  • Adoption of Agenda 21
  • Global Mapping Concept proposed by Japanese
    Government
  • 1996 Establishment of International Steering
    Committee
  • 1997 Rio5(UN General Assembly Special Session)
  • necessity of Global Mapping included in the
    adopted Programme for the further implementation
    of Agenda 21
  • 2000 Release of Global Map through the Internet
  • 2002 WSSD
  • Adopted Plan of Implementation called for
    initiatives and partnerships for global mapping
  • 2007 Whole land of the Earth to be covered by
    Global Map

5
Implementation Plan of WSSD
  • 132. Promote the development and wider use of
    earth observation technologies, including
    satellite remote sensing, global mapping and
    geographic information systems, to collect
    quality data on environmental impacts, land use
    and land-use changes, including through urgent
    actions at all levels to
  • (a) Strengthen cooperation and coordination among
    global observing systems and research programmes
    for integrated global observations, taking into
    account the need for building capacity and
    sharing of data from ground-based observations,
    satellite remote sensing and other sources among
    all countries
  • (b) Develop information systems that make the
    sharing of valuable data possible, including the
    active exchange of Earth observation data
  • (c) Encourage initiatives and partnerships for
    global mapping.

6
Implementation Plan of WSSD
  • 133. Support countries, particularly developing
    countries, in their national efforts to
  • (a) Collect data that are accurate, long-term,
    consistent and reliable
  • (b) Use satellite and remote-sensing technologies
    for data collection and further improvement of
    ground-based observations
  • (c) Access, explore and use geographic
    information by utilizing the technologies of
    satellite remote sensing, satellite global
    positioning, mapping and geographic information
    systems.

7
Current Status of Global Mapping
  • 146 countries and 15 regions participate(91 of
    the global land area coverage)
  • 22 countries(14 of the global land area
    coverage) already released Global Map
  • 2000 Japan, Lao P. D. R., Nepal, Sri Lanka,
    Thailand,
  • 2001 Australia, Bangladesh, Colombia, Mongolia,
    Philippines.
  • 2002 Panama, Kenya
  • 2003 Burkina Faso, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz, Mexico,
    Myanmar
  • 2004 Swaziland, Samoa
  • 2005 Iran, Macedonia
  • ? With data for verification phase(81 countries
    and regions), 61 of the global land are being
    covered.

8
Progress of Global Mapping Project
9
Global Map Specifications
  • Spatial resolution 1km
  • (equivalent to 11,000,000 scale)
  • 8 layers
  • Vector data(point, line, area)
  • Boundaries(Administrative/Coast),Drainage(Rivers
    /Lakes),Transportation(Roads/Railways/Airport),Pop
    ulation centers
  • Raster data(grid)
  • Elevation, Land Cover, Land Use, Vegetation

10
Global Map Data(Vector Data)
Boundaries
Drainage
Administrative, Coast
Rivers, Lakes, Dams
Transportation
Population Centers
Locality and Name of Cities
Roads, Railways, Airports
11
Global Map Data (Raster Data)
Elevation
Land Cover
Information at 1m step
17 categories
Vegetations
Land Use
20 categories
9 categories
12
Nepal 2
Global Map Screenshot(Nepal)
Kathmandu
?????
?
Boundaries, Vegitations From ESE Horizontal-Vertic
al Ratio 110
13
Kazakhstan
Global Map Screenshot(Kazakhstan)
Vector data
14
How to get Global Map
  • Downloading from ISCGM Website
  • Open Download Service Page
  • Register User Information
  • Download Data
  • and/or Viewer Soft
  • Extract Data,
  • Open with the Viewer

15
Download user information
  • Download registration
  • 171 countries, 10,261 persons(as of Mar. 2006)
  • 50.5 is from JAPAN(5,183 persons)

Best 20 of other domains USA 930 Korea
Republic 425 Australia 348 UK 231 Mexico 153 Ko
rea D.P.R 141 Brazil 134 Germany 134 Venezuela
133 Canada 132 China 115 Thailand 108 Spain 1
06 Italy 80 France 75 India 65 Philippines 65
Colombia 62 Bangladesh 59 Argentina 58
Monthly Registration
2001
2002
2003
2004
2004
00
06
16
Relation between Earth Observation and GM
  • Activities in Earth Observation Community
  • Close relation with CEOS/WGISS from 1998
  • Global Mapping is registered as WSSD Partnership
    in which ISCGM and CEOS are involved
  • CEOS WSSD Follow-up Module5 is Global Mapping,
    Land-use Monitoring and GIS
  • Participation in GEO activities
  • GM and EO are mutually dependent
  • Benefits of Global Map in Earth Observation

17
Benefits of Global Map in Earth Observation
  • Platform for Spatial Data Analysis
  • Common Geographic Datasets to be available in
    each country, including Developing Countries
  • Avoid duplicated investments in making Geographic
    Datasets.
  • Integrate Physical and Socio-Economic data
  • Global Map links physical data with
    socio-economic data, leading to value-added
    application of earth observations.

18
Benefits of Global Map in Earth Observation
Global Map (as platform data for spatial data
analyses)
19
New Charenge of ISCGM
  • GLCNMO (Global Land Cover by National Mapping
    Organizations)
  • Project of Global Land Cover Data Development
  • It is implemented in collaboration with NMOs of
    GM community
  • MODIS data in 2003 are used as classification
    source data
  • Landsat data are used as ground truth data
  • Ground truth DB are also developed
  • Development by 2007

20
Future of Global Map and EO
  • GM Future
  • Completion of data development by 2007
  • (Target set in the document of WSSD
    Partnership)
  • Update approximately every 5 years
  • Base of integration for EO data
  • CEOS/WGISS is important partner of GM
    to attain goals described above
  • Thank you !
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