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THE LITERATURE REVIEW

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... journal reviews, ERIC papers, monographs, books, periodicals, abstracts ... Broad topic to specific nature of research proposal. PREPARATION TO WRITE ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE LITERATURE REVIEW


1
THE LITERATURE REVIEW
  • RSCH 7100
  • EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

2
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3
RELATED LITERATURE REVIEW
  • Systematic identification, location, and analysis
    of documents
  • Documents--journal articles, journal reviews,
    ERIC papers, monographs, books, periodicals,
    abstracts

4
LITERATURE REVIEW
  • Why??
  • Because we said so---NO, NO, NO
  • Assists in formulating research question
  • Points out possible research strategies
  • Points out possible measuring devices

5
LITERATURE REVIEW
  • Introduces you to significant research
    personalities
  • May replicate or extend previous study
  • May find inconsitencies in studies

6
LITERATURE REVIEW
  • May question applicability of findings to
    different samples, cultures, regions
  • Study may already have been conducted
  • Provides a context-rationale for study
  • Facilitates interpretation of study results

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8
LITERATURE REVIEW
  • Studies already conducted related to your
    research question
  • Provides suggestions about what studies need to
    still be conducted

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PREPARATION TO WRITE
  • Always keep your research problem central
  • Discussion of documents read
  • Have a plan of ATTACK
  • Begin discussion like inverted pyramid
  • Broad topic to specific nature of research
    proposal

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PREPARATION TO WRITE
  • Headings and subheadings
  • Strive for clarity
  • Emphasize relatedness between research question
    and literature reviewed
  • Integrate-integrate-integrate

13
PREPARATION TO WRITE
  • Avoid quotes
  • Paraphrase, paraphrase, paraphrase
  • End of section, summarize findings
  • Significance of literature reviewed linked to
    research question
  • Answers What does all this mean?

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15
PREPARATION TO WRITE
  • Make an outline
  • Main topics ordered
  • Subtopics under each main topic
  • Analyze references with outline
  • Read most recent ones first, oldest last
  • Seminal works important

16
PREPARATION TO WRITE
  • Read abstracts first--is article appropriate?
  • Sort references where fit in outline
  • Use data-based, empirical studies
  • Opinion pieces, descriptive research helpful in
    introduction--set stage

17
PREPARATION TO WRITE
  • Dont ignore studies that differ from majority or
    personal bias.
  • Why different findings?
  • References least related to research question
    FIRST
  • References most related to research question LAST

18
PREPARATION TO WRITE
  • Related literature review is NOT a series of
    abstracts or annotations
  • Integrate-integrate-integrate
  • Not a literary production---be clear and concise

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20
SOURCE GUIDELINE
  • Primary Source -- description of study written
    by person who conducted it
  • Secondary Source -- much briefer description of
    study written by other than original researcher
  • Use Primary Sources

21
Yeaaa
  • We are
  • DONE!!

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