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Why study literature

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Ponce de Leon. Hernando DeSoto. Balboa. Spanish. Came for gold ... Samuel de Champlain. French. Came for furs (hunting and trading) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Why study literature


1
Why study literature?
2
Why study literature?
  • Become literary expert
  • Develop critical thinking skills
  • Better understand other people
  • Improve language skills
  • Because its required
  • Win on legyen milliomos

3
What this means for you
  • Come to lecture prepared
  • (check website and read works in advance)
  • Read works in English
  • Ask questions

4
Purpose of lecture class
  • Provide context for readings
    (history/background)
  • NOT to force-feed interpretations
  • Opportunity to discuss other works
  • Prepare for kollokvium

5
I. Literature of the New World (1492-1620)
6
Lit of New World
  • 1492
  • Columbus
  • 1620
  • Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock

7
Lit of New World
  • Who came?
  • Why?
  • Where?
  • What did they write?

8
Spanish
  • Ponce de Leon
  • Hernando DeSoto
  • Balboa

9
Spanish
  • Came for gold
  • This led them to believe legends they heard
  • Fountain of Youth
  • Seven Cities of Gold

10
French
  • Samuel de Champlain

11
French
  • Came for furs (hunting and trading)
  • Because of this, few came and mostly men
  • Better relations with Indians
  • Eventual loss of North America
  • Restricted to Quebec

12
Dutch
  • Henry Hudson

13
Dutch
  • Came to settle, primarily for commericial
    reasons.
  • Relationship to Indians bad
  • Lost war in 1664 to England
  • Names still in evidence

14
English
  • Pilgrims 1620 (Massachusetts)
  • John Winthrop
  • William Bradford
  • Jamestown 1607
  • (Virginia)
  • John Smith

15
English
  • Came to settle for both religious commericial
    reasons
  • This influenced
  • What they wrote
  • How they interpreted what they saw

16
What did they write?
17
What did they write?
  • Diaries
  • Travel journals

18
New writings
  • Change came when the Europeans settled and
    interacted with Indians.
  • Then came. advertising.

19
Jamestown -1607
  • Colony nearly failed
  • Disease
  • Starvation
  • Indians
  • 80 died

20
Jamestown - 1608
  • Arrival of John Smith
  • Autocratic rule ensures survival
  • Propaganda developed later to encourage new
    settlers

21
Pocohontas
  • Who was she?
  • What did she do?

22
Pocohontas
  • Saves John Smiths life
  • Taken hostage by English
  • Marries John Rolfe
  • Dies in England

23
Pocohontas John Smith
  • Why the changes over the years?

24
Pocohontas - 1616
  • How the 17th century wanted to see her
  • (adaptable)

25
Pocohontas
  • 19th century version
  • (sexy, exotic)

26
Pocohontas
  • 21st century advertisement
  • (child
  • cute
  • commodity)

27
Myth of the Noble Savage
  • Beginnings of idea that primitive peoples better
    than civilized people. They are closer to nature,
    hence innocent and unspoiled.
  • Applies here only to females
  • Takes hold once Indian culture defeated

28
Review terms
  • Travel journals diaries
  • Henry Hudson
  • Jamestown John Smith
  • Pocohontas
  • Myth of the Noble Savage

29
Next week
  • Read Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (short
    passage)
  • Literature of Colonial America
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