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Using Negative Familiar Commands

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Negative familiar commands are used to tell someone to not do an ... Aff. T irreg or box 3 pres. ind. Neg. T box 2 pres. subjunctive. Ud. box 3 pres. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Using Negative Familiar Commands


1
Using Negative Familiar Commands
Spanish One ch.10
2
Negative familiar commands are used to tell
someone to not do an action.
  • Example
  • Do not run!
  • Do not eat!

3
The negative TÚ command
All command forms EXCEPT affirmative tú commands
come from the present subjunctive tenseAff. Tú
irreg or box 3 pres. ind.Neg. Tú box 2 pres.
subjunctiveUd. box 3 pres. subjunctiveUds.
box 5 pres. subjunctiveNosotros box 4 pres.
subjunctive
4
The negative TÚ command is
  • 2nd person singular
  • Present Subjunctive
  • so...

We have to learn how to conjugate verbs in the
SUBJUNCTIVE tense.
5
Subjunctive Tense Conjugation(regular)
  • 1. Find the stem by taking the first person
    singular form yo form from the present
    indicative tense. Then drop the o.
  • Example hablar hablo - o habl
  • tener tengo - o teng

6
2. Add the subjunctive endings
7
Example of Conjugationsof Reg. Verbs
8
Orthographic Spelling Changes
  • Rule You cannot change the sound of a letter by
    conjugating.
  • Example tocar toco toces

X
toques
This typically happens with AR verbs whose stems
end in C, G or Z C - QU G - GU Z - C
9
Stem Changes In The Subjunctive Tense (AR and
ER)
  • AR and ER verbs that have stem changes in the Yo
    form of the present indicative WILL be reflected
    in the subjunctive in the BOOT NOT in the
    nosotros form.

10
Stem Changes In The Subjunctive Tense (AR and
ER)
  • Colgar cuelgo - cuelg
  • cuelgue colguemos
  • cuelgues
  • cuelgue cuelguen

X
11
Stem Changes In The Subjunctive Tense (IR)
  • IR verbs that have stem changes in the Yo form
    of the present indicative WILL be reflected in
    the subjunctive in the BOOT PLUS a one letter
    stem change in the nosotros form box 4

12
Stem Changes In The Subjunctive Tense (IR)
  • Dormir duermo - duerm
  • duerma durmamos
  • duermas
  • duerma duerman

X
13
These verbs are irregular in the subjunctive
tense
  • Dar des
  • Ir vayas
  • Ser seas
  • Haber hayas
  • Estar estés
  • Saber sepas

14
EXAMPLES
  • Hablo - o es Hables
  • Escribo - o as Escribas
  • Tengo - o as Tengas
  • Salgo - o as Salgas
  • Pongo - o as Pongas

15
Then, they will look like this
  • Do not talk. No hables.
  • Do not eat. No comas.
  • Do not drink. No bebas.
  • Do not avoid. No evites.
  • Do not run. No corras.

16
Try these
No corras. No comas. No hables. No
mires. No bebas. No cantes.
  • Do not run. Dont eat.
  • Do not talk. Dont look.
  • Do not drink. Dont sing.

17
El Fin
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