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New Religious Movements Gore

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New Religious Movements (Gore) Classical Orthodoxy Ecumenical Councils ... Examples: Mormonism, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventists, World Wide Church of God ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Religious Movements Gore


1
New Religious Movements (Gore)
Classical Orthodoxy Ecumenical Councils
1) Council of Nicea (325)
Conflict between Antioch and Alexandria
2
  • Antioch

3
New Religious Movements (Gore)
Classical Orthodoxy Ecumenical Councils
1) Council of Nicea (325)
Conflict between Antioch and Alexandria
Antioch Jewish emphasis replaced Jerusalem
Alexandria Greek emphasis replaced Athens
Arian controversy provoked Nicene Council
Church affirmed Trinity One Essence Three
Persons
4
New Religious Movements (Gore)
Classical Orthodoxy Ecumenical Councils
1) Council of Nicea (325) - Trinity
2) Council of Constantinople (381)
Provoked by Apollinarian Controversy
Christ affirmed to be 1/3 God and 2/3 Man
5
New Religious Movements (Gore)
Classical Orthodoxy Ecumenical Councils
1) Council of Nicea (325) - Trinity
2) Council of Constantinople (381)
3) Council of Ephesus (431)
6
(No Transcript)
7
New Religious Movements (Gore)
Classical Orthodoxy Ecumenical Councils
1) Council of Nicea (325) - Trinity
2) Council of Constantinople (381)
3) Council of Ephesus (431)
Provoked by Nestorian Controversy
Christ affirmed to be two natures and two persons
8
New Religious Movements (Gore)
Classical Orthodoxy Ecumenical Councils
1) Council of Nicea (325) - Trinity
2) Council of Constantinople (381)
3) Council of Ephesus (431)
4) Council of Chalcedon (451)
Provoked by Eutychian controversy
Christ affirmed to be one nature and one person
Conclusion Christ is two natures in one person
Four negatives Without mixture, conversion,
separation, or division
9
New Religious Movements (Gore)
Classical Orthodoxy Ecumenical Councils
1) Council of Nicea (325) - Trinity
2) Council of Constantinople (381)
3) Council of Ephesus (431)
4) Council of Chalcedon (451) Dual Nature of
Christ
5) Second Council of Constantinople (553)
Rejected monophysite heresy
6) Third Council of Constantinople (681)
Rejected monothelite heresy
7) Second Council of Nicea (787)
Clarified use of icons in worship
10
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
11
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
12
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
13
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
14
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
3) Authoritarian
15
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
16
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
17
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
18
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
19
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
20
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
6) Membership Crucial
21
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Example Roman Catholic
Example Quaker
1) Visible over Invisible
1) Invisible over Visible
2) Episcopal Governance
2) Congregational Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership incidental
22
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
  • Visible over Invisible
  • Invisible over Visible
  • Invisible over Visible

2) Episcopal Governance
  • Congregational Governance

3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership Incidental
23
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Middle - Reformed
  • Visible over Invisible
  • Invisible over Visible
  • Invisible over Visible

2) Episcopal Governance
  • Congregational Governance

3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership Incidental
24
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Middle - Reformed
  • Visible over Invisible
  • Invisible over Visible
  • Invisible over Visible

1) Delicate Balance
2) Episcopal Governance
  • Congregational Governance

3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership Incidental
25
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Middle - Reformed
  • Visible over Invisible
  • Invisible over Visible
  • Invisible over Visible

1) Delicate Balance
2) Episcopal Governance
  • Congregational Governance

2) Presbyterial Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership Incidental
26
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Middle - Reformed
  • Visible over Invisible
  • Invisible over Visible
  • Invisible over Visible

1) Delicate Balance
2) Episcopal Governance
  • Congregational Governance

2) Presbyterial Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
3) Confessional
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership Incidental
27
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Middle - Reformed
  • Visible over Invisible
  • Invisible over Visible
  • Invisible over Visible

1) Delicate Balance
2) Episcopal Governance
  • Congregational Governance

2) Presbyterial Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
3) Confessional
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
4) Politically Prophetic
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership Incidental
28
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Middle - Reformed
  • Visible over Invisible
  • Invisible over Visible
  • Invisible over Visible

1) Delicate Balance
2) Episcopal Governance
  • Congregational Governance

2) Presbyterial Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
3) Confessional
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
4) Politically Prophetic
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
5) Word precedes Sacrament
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership Incidental
29
Variations within Classical Orthodoxy
Right leaning traditions
Left leaning traditions
Middle - Reformed
  • Visible over Invisible
  • Invisible over Visible
  • Invisible over Visible

1) Delicate Balance
2) Episcopal Governance
  • Congregational Governance

2) Presbyterial Governance
3) Authoritarian
3) Conscientious
3) Confessional
4) Political Integration
4) Political Separation
4) Politically Prophetic
5) Sacramental
5) Evangelical
5) Word precedes Sacrament
6) Membership Crucial
6) Membership Incidental
6) Membership essential but not dispositive
30
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
31
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
32
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
33
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic pronouncements of cult leader all
important. Submission and obedience are mandatory.
34
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic pronouncements of cult leader all
important. Submission and obedience are mandatory.
1) Relativistic inner belief is all important,
is reality. You make your own truth
subjectivism.
35
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic inner belief is all important,
is reality. You make your own truth
subjectivism.
2) Ethical man is good in ethical direction
salvation comes by works of virtue, service,
obedience, loyalty. Service for God rather than
union with God.
36
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical man is good in ethical direction
salvation comes by works of virtue, service,
obedience, loyalty. Service for God rather than
union with God.
2) Mystical man is good in mystical direction
and salvation comes by higher mystical
experience, especially becoming God, losing
ones self in the divine reality
37
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical man is good in mystical direction
and salvation comes by higher mystical
experience, especially becoming God, losing
ones self in the divine reality
3) Emphasis on the humanity of Christ deity is
obscured. We should follow the example of Jesus
objective.
38
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Emphasis on the humanity of Christ deity is
obscured. We should follow the example of Jesus
objective.
3) Emphasis on divinity (spirituality) of Christ
humanity obscured. We should discover the
Christ within.
39
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Emphasis on divinity (spirituality) of Christ
humanity obscured. We should discover the
Christ within.
4) Gnostic leadership leaders have special
knowledge accessible to none but leader
hierarchical creative thinking forbidden view
the Bible as the leader dictates
40
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Gnostic leadership leaders have special
knowledge accessible to none but leader
hierarchical creative thinking forbidden view
the Bible as the leader dictates
4) Gnostic leadership leaders have special
knowledge accessible to all egalitarian
creative thinking encouraged view the Bible as
you wish
41
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership dominates and God is viewed
in masculine categories demanding,
transcendent, judging, intolerant, exacting,
exclusive
42
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership dominates and God is viewed
in masculine categories demanding,
transcendent, judging, intolerant, exacting,
exclusive
5) Female leadership dominates and God is
viewed in feminine categories nurturing,
helping, immanent, non-judgmental, tolerant,
lenient, inclusive
43
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership
5) Female leadership
6) Monotheistic God is one (Islamic sense) and
is generally not reachable except through the
cult leader
44
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership
5) Female leadership
6) Monotheistic
6. Pantheistic God is in everything, especially
in each person
45
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership
5) Female leadership
6) Monotheistic
6. Pantheistic God is in everything, especially
in each person
7) Emphasis on personal rigor, asceticism,
discipline, health and happiness later.
46
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership
5) Female leadership
6) Monotheistic
6) Pantheistic
7) Emphasis on personal rigor, asceticism,
discipline, health and happiness later.
7) Emphasis on personal pleasure, wholeness,
enjoyment, health and happiness now
47
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership
5) Female leadership
6) Monotheistic
6) Pantheistic
7) Personal Discipline
7) Emphasis on personal pleasure, wholeness,
enjoyment, health and happiness now
8) Unrealized eschatology of future reward and
individual happiness in paradisiacal situation
48
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership
5) Female leadership
6) Monotheistic
6) Pantheistic
7) Personal Discipline
7) Personal Pleasure
8) Unrealized eschatology
8) Realized eschatology of happiness and future
loss of personal identity in the great cosmic
over-soul nirvana
49
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership
5) Female leadership
6) Monotheistic
6) Pantheistic
7) Personal Discipline
7) Personal Pleasure
8) Unrealized eschatology
8) Realized eschatology
Examples Mormonism, Jehovahs Witnesses, Seventh
Day Adventists, World Wide Church of God
50
Variations outside of Orthodoxy
Left-leaning movements
Right-leaning movements
1) Dogmatic
1) Relativistic
2) Ethical
2) Mystical
3) Humanity of Christ
3) Deity of Christ
4) Hierarchical leadership
4) Egalitarian Leadership
5) Male leadership
5) Female leadership
6) Monotheistic
6) Pantheistic
7) Personal Discipline
7) Personal Pleasure
8) Unrealized eschatology
8) Realized eschatology
Examples Mormonism, Jehovahs Witnesses, Seventh
Day Adventists, World Wide Church of God
Examples Christian Science, Unity, Unification
Church, Hare Krishnas, Bahai, Scientology, New
Age
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