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FLOW-3D Microfluidics Enabling MEMS/NANO Performance

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Title: FLOW-3D Microfluidics Enabling MEMS/NANO Performance


1
FLOW-3D MicrofluidicsEnabling MEMS/NANO
Performance


FLOW-3D is a registered trademark of Flow
Science, Inc.
2
A Growing Industry
Proliferation of MEMS Nanotechnology Will
Continue to Increase
BCC estimated the global market for
nanotechnology products at nearly 9.4 billion in
2005 and over 10.5 billion in 2006, growing to
about 25.2 billion by 2011 (an AAGR of 19.1
between 2006 and 2011) This figure includes
established commercial nano-materials
applications, such as carbon black filler for
inkjet inks, nano-catalyst thin films for
catalytic converters, and new technologies such
as nano-particulate fabric treatments, rocket
fuel additives, nano-lithographic tools, and
nano-scale electronic memory.
3
A Growing Industry
Proliferation of MEMS Nanotechnology Will
Continue to Increase
The largest end-user markets for nanotechnology
in 2005 were environmental remediation (33 of
the total market), electronics (24), energy
(15) and biomedical applications (5).
Electronics and biomedical applications have much
higher projected growth rates than other
applications over the next five years. As a
result, the electronics share of the
nanotechnology market should grow to over 50 by
2011, and biomedical applications' share to 8.
Environmental applications' share is expected to
decline steeply to 13, while energy's share
falls to 9.
4
A Growing Industry
Investment in Microfluidics Technologies Will
Continue to Increase
The global market for microfluidic technologies
was worth an estimated 2.9 billion in 2005. This
figure should grow to 3.2 billion in 2006 and
6.2 billion by 2011, i.e., an average annual
growth rate (AAGR) of 14.1 over the next five
years. Inkjet printing is by far the largest
application of microfluidics, is expected to
account for slightly over half of the market.
Smaller application segments, particularly
chemical analysis and synthesis and proteomics
are growing at a slower pace than
healthcare-related applications. The market for
defense and public safety applications should
remain small throughout the forecast period.
5
A Growing Industry
Leading MEMS/NANO Developers are Driving Improved
Performance of Technology
FLOW-3D User
  • Improving innovation of MEMS/NANO design and
    product development
  • Reducing cost of design and development
  • Improving time to market due to growing
    competitive landscape MEMS/NANO commoditization
    rate is increasing
  • Improving speed to quality iterations
    andredesign cause failure in product launch
  • Overcoming new design challenges
    andincorporating best practices in MEMS/NANO
    product development

6
Need to Improve MEMS/NANO Development
Leading MEMS/NANO Developers are Driving Improved
Performance of Technology
  • Improving innovation of MEMS/NANO design and
    product development
  • Reducing cost of design and development
  • Improving time to market due to growing
    competitive landscape MEMS/NANO commoditization
    rate is increasing
  • Improving speed to quality iterations
    andredesign cause failure in product launch
  • Overcoming new design challenges
    andincorporating best practices in MEMS/NANO
    product development

FLOW-3D User
7
Design Challenges
MEMS/NANO Process and Components are Rapidly
Changing in Device Design, Processing and
Application
  • Surface to-volume ratios are different in the
    micro world from what they are in the macro world
  • Micros are very thin and can be out of scale to
    the others
  • MEMS/NANO designers have to simulate fluids and
    how they are impacted by electronics, heat and
    structures
  • MEMS/NANO are getting smaller and more powerful -
    parts on the same siliconchip must also survive
    heat and electrical forces to adequately perform
    increased power on a smaller surfaces requires
    different physics
  • Fluid damping effects can be 1000 times greater-
    figuring out how a devicemight move through a
    fluid
  • Bigger Variety of fluids needs to be created,
    especially in inkjet printers

FLOW-3D User
8
MEMS/NANO Performance Improvement
Opportunities for Improvement
  • Although MEMS/NANO have been around for a number
    of years, with failure analysis support for
    production, packaging, testing, and field
    operation, the tools and techniques required to
    properly diagnose the root cause of failure need
    to be upgraded and designed specifically for
    MEMS/NANO failure mechanisms.
  • As the number of devices and applications grow,
    the MEMS/NANO failure analyst must become more
    diverse and multi-disciplinary in their knowledge
    base to properly diagnose the root cause of
    failure particularly Microfluidics
  • Microfluidic MEMS/NANO are devices designed to
    interact with fluid-based systems.Devices such
    as pumps, valves, and channels have been designed
    andfabricated to transport, eject, and mix small
    volumes of fluid
  • The typical failure mechanism is thermal
    degradation. The effects ofelectrical/thermal
    cycling of these devices are currently
    underway.Overstress events have been shown to
    cause degradation by inducingpermanent
    deformation

FLOW-3D User
9
Challenges to Product Development
Challenges to MEMS/NANO Performance Improvement
FLOW-3D User
  • This class of MEMS/NANO offers the most
    difficulty for the failure analyst. Most of the
    tools and techniques currently used for failure
    analysis were leveraged from the IC industry, and
    were not designed to be used with fluids.
  • The challenges for the failure analyst include
    functional and structural analysis while
    maintaining device and tool integrity, fluid
    contamination and compatibility with MEMS/NANO
    and analytical tools, deprocessing, leak
    detection, and application of a diagnostic fluid
    for analysis.

10
FLOW-3D Microfluidics
CFD Solutions for MEMS/NANO RD, Product Design,
Product Development and Manufacturing
  • Device simulation modules that perform detailed,
    multi-physics, multi-dimensional and transient
    Microfluidic simulations .
  • Microfluidic flow simulation modules are capable
    of simulating a comprehensive set of Microfluidic
    phenomena, supported by an array of best-in-class
    solvers
  • Microfluidic compact models in release include
    drop-on-demand inkjet nozzles, actuators driven
    by either thermal bubbles or piezoelectric
    diaphragms, internal flow elements that
    accommodate both single-phase and two-phase flow,
    electrokinetic separation channels and more.
  • Multi-physics simulation FLOW-3D simulates
    coupled effects amonghydrodynamics, interfacial
    phenomenon, electrostatics, thermal analysisand
    more. Example effects are homogeneous nucleation,
    electrowetting,dielectrophoresis, volume and
    surface chemistry, electrokinetics,Joule
    heating, and flow through porous materials.
  • Accurate simulation--FLOW-3D offers
    state-of-the-art Volume-of-Fluidtechnology. It
    simulates free surfaces accurately accounting for
    sixdegrees of freedom in the liquid and gas
    phases and their interfaces

FLOW-3D User
11
FLOW-3D Microfluidics
FLOW-3D Can Improve MEMS/NANO Design Productivity
in
  • Nozzle droplet ejection and exit surface
    wettability
  • Thermal vapor bubble, nucleation, evaporation,
    condensation
  • Diaphragm rigid body dynamics
  • Continuous inkjet - drop formation including
    impact of stimulation frequency
  • Droplet electrostatic deflection - droplet
    selection and steering, multiple drop formation
    and mixing
  • Fluid transport ducting, ink source to print head
    reservoir
  • Liquid acoustics
  • Droplet-surface impact, droplet spreading,
    recoiling, and splashing super-hydrophobicity
  • Dielectrophoresis, electrowetting on dielectric,
    electrophoresis, electroosmosis, joule heating,
    electro-spray ionization
  • Sample injection, mixing, chemical reaction,
    separation, and detection
  • Capillary filling, pin spotting, surface wetting
  • Microfluidic pumps, valves, and channel flows
  • Large-signal fluidic damping
  • Microvalves, flexible capillaries, micro fluidic
    pumps
  • Fluid-diaphragm interaction
  • Thin film coating
  • Chip Cooling
  • Thermal analysis, forced convection, free
    convection
  • Inkjet printing basedlocalized cooling

12
FLOW-3D Microfluidics Users
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