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The Antebellum South

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William Henry Brown, 1842. Slaves Working. in a Sugar-Boiling House, 1823. The South's ' ... 'Trains' ==== farm wagons transporting. the escaping slaves ' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Antebellum South


1
The Antebellum South
2
Early Emancipation in the North
3
Missouri Compromise, 1820
4
Antebellum Southern Society
5
Characteristics of the Antebellum South
  • Primarily agrarian.
  • Economic power shifted from the upper South to
    the lower South.
  • Cotton Is King! 1860? 5 mil. bales a yr.
    (57 of total US exports).
  • Very slow development of industrialization.
  • Rudimentary financial system.
  • Inadequate transportation system.

6
Southern Society (1850)
Slavocracyplantation owners
6,000,000
The Plain Folkwhite yeoman farmers
Black Freemen
250,000
Black Slaves3,200,000
Total US Population ? 23,000,0009,250,000 in
the South 40
7
Southern Population
8
Antebellum Southern Economy
9
Graniteville Textile Co.
Founded in 1845, it was the Souths first attempt
at industrialization in Richmond, VA
10
Southern Agriculture
11
Slaves Picking Cottonon a Mississippi Plantation
12
Slaves Using the Cotton Gin
13
Changes in Cotton Production
1820
1860
14
Value of Cotton Exports As of All US Exports
15
Hauling the Whole Weeks PickingsWilliam Henry
Brown, 1842
16
Slaves Workingin a Sugar-Boiling House, 1823
17
The South's "Peculiar Institution"
18
Slave Auction Notice, 1823
19
Slave Auction Charleston, SC-1856
20
Slave Accoutrements
Slave MasterBrands
Slave muzzle
21
Anti-Slave Pamphlet
22
Slave Accoutrements
Slave tag, SC
Slave leg irons
Slave shoes
23
Antebellum Southern Plantation Life
24
Slave-Owning Population (1850)
25
Slave-Owning Families (1850)
26
Slaves posing in front of their cabin on a
Southern plantation.
27
Tara Plantation Reality or Myth?
Hollywoods Version?
28
A Real Georgia Plantation
29
Scarlet and Mammie(Hollywood Again!)
30
A Real Mammie Her Charge
31
The Southern Belle
32
A Slave Family
33
The Ledger of John White
  • Matilda Selby, 9, 400.00 sold to Mr. Covington,
    St. Louis, 425.00
  • Brooks Selby, 19, 750.00 Left at Home Crazy
  • Fred McAfee, 22, 800.00 Sold to
    Pepidal,Donaldsonville, 1200.00
  • Howard Barnett, 25, 750.00 Ranaway. Sold out of
    jail, 540.00
  • Harriett Barnett, 17, 550.00 Sold to Davenport
    and Jones, Lafourche, 900.00

34
US Laws Regarding Slavery
  • U. S. Constitution 3/5s compromise I.2
    fugitive slave clause IV.2
  • 1793 ? Fugitive Slave Act.
  • 1850 ? stronger Fugitive Slave Act.

35
Southern Slavery--gt An Aberration?
  • 1780s 1st antislavery society created in Phila.
  • By 1804 slavery eliminated from last northern
    state.
  • 1807 the legal termination of the slave trade,
    enforced by the Royal Navy.
  • 1820s newly indep. Republics of Central So.
    America declared their slaves free.
  • 1833 slavery abolished throughout the British
    Empire.
  • 1844 slavery abolished in the Fr. colonies.
  • 1861 the serfs of Russia were emancipated.

36
Slavery Was Less Efficient in the U. S. than
Elsewhere
  • High cost of keeping slaves fromescaping.
  • GOAL ? raise the exit cost.
  • Slave patrols.
  • Southern Black Codes.
  • Cut off a toe or a foot.

37
AbolitionistsBlack and White
38
Anti-Slavery Alphabet
39
William Lloyd Garrison (1801-1879)
  • Slavery Masonryundermined republicanvalues.
  • Immediate emancipation with NO compensation.
  • Slavery was a moral, notan economic issue.

R2-4
40
The Liberator
Premiere issue ? January 1, 1831
R2-5
41
The Tree of SlaveryLoaded with the Sum of All
Villanies!
42
Other White Abolitionists
Lewis Tappan
James Birney
  • Liberty Party.
  • Ran for President in 1840 1844.

Arthur Tappan
43
Black Abolitionists
David Walker(1785-1830)
1829 ? Appeal to the Coloured Citizens
of the World
Fight for freedom rather than wait to be set
free by whites.
44
Frederick Douglass (1817-1895)
1845 ? The Narrative of the Life Of
Frederick Douglass 1847 ? The North Star
R2-12
45
Sojourner Truth (1787-1883)or Isabella Baumfree
1850 ? The Narrative of Sojourner Truth
R2-10
46
Harriet Tubman(1820-1913)
  • Helped over 300 slaves to freedom.
  • 40,000 bounty on her head.
  • Served as a Union spy during the Civil War.

Moses
47
Leading Escaping Slaves Along the Underground
Railroad
48
The Underground Railroad
49
The Underground Railroad
  • Conductor leader of the escape
  • Passengers escaping slaves
  • Tracks routes
  • Trains farm wagons transporting
    the escaping slaves
  • Depots safe houses to rest/sleep

50
Slave Resistance Uprisings
51
Slave Resistance
  • SAMBO pattern of behavior used as a charade in
    front of whites the innocent, laughing black man
    caricature bulging eyes, thick lips, big smile,
    etc..

52
Slave Resistance
  • Refusal to work hard.
  • Isolated acts of sabotage.
  • Escape via the Underground Railroad.

53
Runaway Slave Ads
54
Quilt Patterns as Secret Messages
The Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left, alerted
escapees to gather up tools and prepare to flee
the Drunkard Path design, on the right, warned
escapees not to follow a straight route.
55
Slave Rebellions Throughout the Americas
56
Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South
Gabriel Prosser1800
1822
57
Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum South
Nat Turner, 1831
58
The Culture of Slavery
  • Black Christianity Baptists or Methodists
    more emotional worship services. negro
    spirituals.
  • Pidgin or Gullah languages.
  • Nuclear family with extended kin links,where
    possible.
  • Importance of music in their lives. esp.
    spirituals.

59
Southern Pro-SlaveryPropaganda
By Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS
Chappaqua, NY
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