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The Craft of Grant Writing

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Title: The Craft of Grant Writing


1
The Craft of Grant Writing
  • Phyllis McBride, Ph.D.
  • Assistant Director
  • Office of Proposal Development
  • p-mcbride_at_tamu.edu
  • 979-862-4183

2
Understand the grant environment
  • Realize that the grant application process has
    become more competitive than ever
  • More investigators are applying for grant funds
  • Grant funds are finite

3
Understand the grant environment
  • Know that funds are available for your research!
  • Federal grant making agencies
  • Private grant making foundations
  • Corporate grant making foundations

4
Understand the grant environment
  • Federal Budget Request for RD for FY 2007

5
Understand the grant environment
  • Private grant making foundations
  • Giving increased to 33.6 billion in 2005
  • Corporate grant making foundations
  • Giving increased to 3.6 billion in 2005

6
Know the keys to success
  • Good idea
  • Good grantsmanship
  • Ample time

7
Agenda Morning session
  • 830 Getting started Assessing your readiness
    to submit a proposal Identifying funding
    opportunities
  • 1030 Break
  • 1045 Selecting appropriate funding
    mechanisms Analyzing funding agencies Reading
    the proposal solicitation Understanding the
    review process
  • 1200 Lunch

8
Agenda Afternoon session
  • 1230 Writing for reviewers Preparing the
    application (review samples)
  • 230 Break
  • 245 Vetting, editing, and proofreading the
    application Revising and resubmitting the
    application
  • 430 Evaluation

9
Getting Started

10
Be passionate and committed
  • Talent is cheaper than table salt. What
    separates the talented individual from the
    successful one is a lot of hard work.
  • Stephen King

11
Establish clear priorities
  • Make your proposal one of your top priorities
  • Set aside time to work on your proposal every day
  • Eliminate or minimize distractions
  • Learn to live with good enough

12
Create time
  • Lead time
  • Work time
  • Proposal processing time
  • Adapted from David Morrison and Stephen
    Russell, Write Winning Grants

13
Create lead time
  • To develop and refine the research topic
  • To identify potential funding opportunities
  • To obtain background information on the agency
  • To download application forms
  • To become familiar with application instructions
  • To recruit collaborators (if needed)
  • To talk with the program manager

14
Create work time
  • To draft the application
  • To request and obtain supplementary materials
  • To have colleagues vet the application
  • To revise, edit, and proofread the application
  • To prepare the budget
  • To revise, edit, and proofread the budget
  • To ensure that the data presented in the text and
    in the budget are consistent

15
Create proposal processing time
  • To verify that all instructions have been
    followed
  • To route the application for institutional
    approvals
  • To finalize the application for submission
  • To submit the application to the agency

16
Practice project management
  • Create a proposal production schedule
  • Identify all required steps in the proposal
    production process, then back into your schedule
  • Divide the proposal into small parts, and
    identify the date by which you need to complete
    each part
  • Allow time to accommodate Murphys law
  • Stick to your schedule!

17
Assessing your readiness to submit a proposal

18
Assess your readiness
  • Assess your idea
  • Assess your competition
  • Assess yourself
  • Adapted from David Morrison and Stephen
    Russell, Write Winning Grants

19
Assess your idea
  • Three main kinds of proposals
  • Hypothesis-driven
  • Need-driven
  • Application-driven

20
Assess your idea
  • Define the problem, need, or application
  • Spend time thinking
  • Gather relevant information
  • Read the literature
  • Vet your idea
  • Discuss your idea with your colleagues and with
    your program manager
  • Refine your idea or move on to another idea

21
Assess your idea
  • Paradigm shifters
  • Paradigm pioneers
  • Settlers
  • Joel Barker, Paradigms The Business
    of Discovering the Future

22
Assess your idea
  • Determine if you can identify a category in
    which you can make yourself first
  • Reframe your idea if necessary
  • Evaluate the degree to which your idea is
  • Based on excellent scholarship and/or science
  • Fresh and innovative
  • Significant

23
Assess your competition
  • Read the literature
  • Find out as much as you can about similar
    projects
  • Make sure your idea has not already been funded

24
Find out if your idea has been funded
  • Search funded award databases
  • Review records of funded projects that are
    relevant to your own
  • Principal investigator
  • Project title
  • Funding agency
  • Review group
  • Award period
  • Award amount
  • Abstract
  • Contact principal investigators to learn more

25
Funded AwardsBasic Science Research
  • NSF http//www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/index.jsp

26
Funded AwardsBiomedical and Public Health
Research
  • CRISPhttp//crisp.cit.nih.gov/
  • Public Health Service
  • AHRQ
  • CDCP
  • FDA
  • HRSA
  • NIH
  • SAMSHA

27
Funded AwardsAgricultural Research
  • USDA http//cris.csrees.usda.gov/

28
Funded AwardsEducational Research
  • U.S. Department of Educationhttp//wdcrobcolp01
    .ed.gov/CFAPPS/grantaward/start.cfm

29
Funded AwardsHumanities Research
  • NEH http//www.neh.gov/news/recentawards.html

30
Assess yourself
  • Qualifications
  • Education, training, expertise
  • Resources
  • Tangible and intangible
  • Preliminary data
  • Quantity and quality
  • Available time
  • To prepare application and to conduct project

31
Assess overall readiness
  • Make the go / no go decision
  • If its a go
  • Begin preparing your application
  • If its a no go
  • Identify what you need to do to become
    competitive
  • Refine idea
  • Seek additional training
  • Secure required resources
  • Obtain additional preliminary data
  • Postpone to a more favorable grant cycle

32
Identifyingfunding opportunities

33
Search for funding opportunities
  • Articulate the topic and purpose of your proposed
    research project
  • Ensures that your research agenda drives your
    funding search
  • Enables you to conduct a more refined search

34
Search for funding opportunities
  • Consider all possible sources of funding
  • Federal agencies
  • State agencies
  • Local agencies
  • Professional organizations
  • Private foundations
  • Corporate foundations

35
Search for funding opportunities
  • Remain open-minded as you search
  • Do consider collaborating with a colleague on an
    interdisciplinary project
  • Do consider framing your research project in a
    new way
  • Dont force your topic to fit a program for
    which it is obviously not appropriate

36
Search for funding opportunities
  • Numerous resources are available to help you find
    the funding program that is most likely to
    support your research
  • Campus resources
  • Sponsor web sites
  • Funding opportunity newsletters
  • Funding opportunity databases
  • Set aside some time to explore resources
  • Find and consistently use! the resources that
    work best for you

37
Make use of campus resources
  • Talk to people!
  • Colleagues
  • Department head
  • College research dean
  • Program development staff
  • TAMRF http//rf-web.tamu.edu/
  • TEES http//trsweb.tamu.edu/
  • TAES http//agtraining.tamu.edu/tookkit.htm

38
Read sponsor web sites
  • Federal, state, local agencies
  • Professional organizations
  • Private foundations
  • Corporate foundations

39
Search funding opportunity newsletters
  • Grant Advisor
  • Lists funding opportunities from all federal
    agencies (except NIH), as well as from many
    independent organizations
  • Professional organization newsletters
  • College and departmental newsletters

40
Search funding opportunity databases
  • Become self-sufficient in conducting searches of
    funding opportunity databases
  • Recognize that self-directed searches are the
    most productive
  • Sign up for automatic funding alerts!

41
Community of Science
  • Located at http//www.cos.com/
  • Features
  • International scope
  • Includes opportunities from federal agencies,
    private foundations, and corporate sponsors
  • Presents 23,000 records representing 400,000
    opportunities worth more than 33 billion
  • Offers an automatic funding alert service

42
Community of Science
43
Community of Science
  • Search by keyword, sponsor, or geographic region

44
Grants.gov
  • Located at http//www.grants.gov
  • Features
  • National scope
  • Includes opportunities from federal sponsors only
  • Single point of contact for all 26 federal
    grant-making agencies
  • Presents more than 900 grant programs
  • Offers an automatic funding alert service

45
Grants.gov
46
Grants.gov
  • Search by keyword, category, or agency

47
Foundation Center
  • Located at http//www.fdncenter.org/
  • Features
  • Profiles of more than 75,000 foundations
  • http//lnp.foundationcenter.org/finder.html
  • Virtual training classroom
  • http//fdncenter.org/learn/classroom/index.jhtml
  • Philanthropy News Digest RFP Bulletin
  • http//www.fdncenter.org/pnd/rfp/

48
Philanthropy News Digest RFP Bulletin
49
Institute of International Education
  • Located at http//www.iie.org/
  • Features
  • Includes opportunities from more than 200
    programs serving more than 20,000 individuals
  • Administers the Fulbright Program
  • http//www.iie.org/Template.cfm?sectionFulbright1
  • Lists funding for U.S. citizens to study abroad
  • http//www.studyabroadfunding.org/
  • Lists funding for foreign nationals to study in
    the U.S.
  • http//www.fundingusstudy.org/

50
Fulbright
  • Located at http//www.iie.org/

51
Semester-Long Faculty Grant Writing Workshop
  • Open to tenure-track and tenured faculty or
    equivalent working in any discipline and applying
    for funds from any external agency or foundation
  • Application deadline
  • September 7
  • Orientation session
  • September 8
  • Kick-off session
  • September 20
  • Cost
  • 300

Submit completed application to Dr. Phyllis
McBride305L Jack K. Williams Admin. Bldg.MS
2404p-mcbride_at_tamu.edu
52
Break
  • 1030 a.m. to 1045 a.m.

53
Selecting appropriate funding mechanisms

54
Select appropriate funding mechanisms
  • Realize that funding mechanisms support research
    projects that vary in scope
  • Individual investigator project grants
  • Program/project grants
  • Center grants

55
Select appropriate funding mechanisms
  • Realize that funding mechanisms support research
    projects that vary in purpose
  • Full-scale research project grant
  • Small-scale research project grant
  • Preliminary studies research project grant
  • Time-sensitive research project grant
  • High-risk research project grant
  • Instrumentation or equipment grant
  • Career development grant
  • Training grant
  • Fellowship (graduate and professional)

56
Analyzing funding agencies

57
Understand the research environment
  • Be aware that research programs do not arise out
    of a vacuum
  • Realize that research programs grow out of an
    evolving consensus among the national research
    community
  • Note that understanding the underpinnings of a
    research program can help you frame the
    presentation of your proposed research project in
    a more compelling and competitive way

58
Learn about the funding agency
  • Mission
  • Culture
  • Organizational structure
  • Strategic plan
  • Investment priorities
  • Available budget
  • Recently funded awards
  • Current announcements

59
Learn about the funding agency
  • Read the agency web site
  • Talk with colleagues
  • Contact the program manager
  • Visit the agency
  • Volunteer to serve on a review panel

60
Reading the proposal solicitation

61
Understand the types of applications
  • Unsolicited applications
  • Investigator-initiated
  • There is not a specific proposal solicitation
  • There is a program or general topic of interest
  • Often have rolling deadlines
  • Solicited applications
  • Agency-initiated
  • There is a specific proposal solicitation
  • There is link to a specific agency initiative
  • Often have one-time deadlines

62
Read the instructions
  • Read the instructions!
  • Read all of the instructions!
  • Read all of the instructions carefully!
  • Read all of the instructions carefully again!
  • Agencys proposal preparation guide
  • Programs proposal solicitation
  • Solicitations supplemental instructions

63
Read the solicitation
  • The solicitation provides important information
  • Eligibility requirements
  • Goals and objectives of program
  • Type of funding mechanism supported
  • Availability of funds
  • Required proposal sections
  • Peer review process and peer review criteria
  • Due dates (for letter of intent, pre-proposal,
    proposal)
  • Contact information

64
Analyze the solicitation
  • The proposal solicitation is not
  • A list of suggestions
  • A menu or smorgasbord from which you can choose
    what to address
  • The proposal solicitation is
  • A non-negotiable list of proposal requirements
  • A treasure map!

65
Analyze the solicitation
  • Use information presented in the solicitation to
    help you develop a competitive proposal strategy
  • Remember that a proposal is a persuasive sales
    document
  • Emphasize hot buttons
  • Echo language of announcement
  • Include all required components
  • Address all review criteria

66
Understanding the review process

67
Know the review criteria
  • Realize that criteria vary from one agency and
    even one program to the next
  • Identify the review criteria for your targeted
    agency, program, solicitation
  • Understand how the agency defines each of the
    criteria
  • Determine how the agency weights each of the
    criteria (if applicable)

68
Consider typical review criteria
  • Investigator(s)
  • Education, training, expertise, relevant
    experience, track record
  • Environment
  • Access to and suitability of facilities, support
    of institution
  • Significance
  • Importance of project to the field
  • Approach
  • Feasibility of methods
  • Innovation
  • Originality of research
  • Budget
  • Appropriateness of budget

69
Understand the review process
  • Realize that the review process varies from one
    agency and even one program to the next
  • Identify your targeted programs review process
  • Merit review
  • Typically external, but sometimes internal at
    mission agencies
  • Administrative review
  • Typically internal
  • Note that most agencies rely on a combination of
    both merit and administrative reviews

70
Lunch
  • 1200 p.m. to 1230 p.m.

71
Writing for reviewers

72
Think about your reviewers
  • Remember that while your application will be
    submitted to an agency, it will be read by people
  • Prepare your application with your reviewers in
    mind

73
Think about your reviewers
  • Smart
  • Accomplished
  • Dedicated
  • Conscientious
  • Fair

74
Think about your reviewers
  • Busy
  • Overworked
  • Tired
  • Skeptical
  • Probablynot as familiar with your topic as you
    are

75
Think about your reviewers
  • Distinguishing between innovations that emerge
    from empirical testing of concepts and
    pre-existing notions and practices currently
    embraced by businesses to distinguish themselves
    from competitors in a given local consumer market
    illustrates the extent to which competitive
    incentives to offer new and potentially
    innovative products may encourage such businesses
    to adopt practices from other markets, thereby
    avoiding costs associated with research and
    development of those new products.
  • From Morrison and Russell, Grant
    Application Writers Workbook

76
Think about your reviewers
  • We will use the previously designed data
    collection instrument, described in section B.3.1
    on page 16, and the statistical analysis, similar
    to that which is in the methods section of the
    reprint attached as appendix VI, to measure the
    extent to which our healthcare assessments
    approaches will be reflective of the community
    standards described in Section B.2.1 on page 5.
  • From Morrison and Russell, Grant
    Application Writers Workbook

77
Write for your reviewers
  • In language, clarity is everything.
  • Confucius

78
Help your reviewers be your advocate
  • Realize that the application is the only thing
    reviewers will have in hand in order to evaluate
    your idea
  • Include everything that reviewers will need
  • Realize that when youre so close to your topic,
    its easy to assume that everyone else
    understands it as fully as you do
  • Avoid making assumptions about what reviewers
    will know
  • Avoid depending on reviewers to make leaps of
    logic for you
  • Remember that youre telling a story
  • Use writing, formatting, and graphic techniques
    to convey the story of your proposed research
    project in the most clear and compelling way
    possible

79
Create reviewer-friendly text
  • Divide the proposal into the required sections
  • Place the sections in the required order
  • Use parallel structure from one section to the
    next
  • Incorporate logical paragraph breaks
  • Open paragraphs with clear topic sentences
  • Discuss important items first
  • Avoid the use of inflated language
  • Use declarative sentences
  • Define potentially unfamiliar terms
  • Spell out acronyms and abbreviations
  • Employ appropriate style and usage
  • Use correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling
  • Run a spell check and proofread the application

80
Create a reviewer-friendly format
  • Observe page limitations
  • For whole proposal
  • For individual proposal sections
  • Observe margin requirements
  • Observe font and point size requirements
  • Incorporate headings and subheadings
  • Incorporate ample white space

81
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82
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83
Create reviewer-friendly graphics
  • Place graphics as close to the text they are
    meant to illustrate as possible
  • Refer to graphics in the text
  • Number and title all graphics
  • Prepare a caption for all graphics
  • Label axes and data points, as needed
  • Provide a legend, as needed
  • Make graphics large enough to be useful
  • Provide color copies if color and/or color
    gradient is important

84
Preparing the application

85
Before you begin . . .
  • Make sure you have identified the following
  • Goal
  • Indicates what your overall purpose is
  • Should be aligned with the agencys mission
  • Rationale
  • Indicates why you want to achieve your purpose
  • Should be clear and logical
  • Objectives
  • Indicate how you will achieve your purpose
  • Should be specific and measurable
  • Expected outcomes
  • Indicate what will change as a result of your
    research(e.g., behavior, performance, process,
    produce)
  • Should include both immediate and long-term
    outcomes

86
Before you begin . . .
  • Talk with your program manager!
  • Do your homework
  • Make an appointment
  • Listen to the response
  • Request clarification
  • Follow up

87
Prepare the application
  • Biographical sketch
  • Resources
  • Grant support
  • Budget
  • Budget justification
  • Supplementary materials
  • Cover sheet
  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Introduction / executive summary
  • Significance
  • Background
  • Research and project design
  • Project schedule
  • Evaluation and assessment
  • Ethics
  • References

88
Cover Sheet
  • Requires that you provide basic information about
    yourself, your institution, and your proposed
    research project
  • Oftentimes offers you the opportunity to indicate
    if you are a new investigator

89
Title
  • Used by agency administrators to route your
    proposal to the appropriate reviewers
  • Should provide an accurate representation of
    your proposed project
  • Should generate interest in and enthusiasm for
    your proposed project
  • Should conform to agency requirements
  • Program name
  • Number of characters

90
Abstract
  • Used by agency administrators to route your
    proposal to the appropriate reviewers
  • Provides a concise overview of the proposed
    project
  • Requires that you provide a great deal of
    information within a very limited amount of space
  • Sometimes requires that you provide this
    information in a prescribed format
  • Becomes public record if the project is funded

91
Introduction / executive summary
  • Critically important
  • Must provide a conceptual overview
  • Must outline the project goals, objectives, and
    outcomes
  • Must be clearly written
  • Must grab the reviewers attention
  • Must generate enthusiasm for the project
  • Must be able to stand alone
  • Often the only part of the proposal that all
    reviewers will have an opportunity to read

92
First paragraph
  • Introduce the project
  • Relate the project to the agencys mission
  • Educate the reviewer
  • Summarize the important knowns
  • Identify the gap in the knowledge and/or state
    the critical need
  • Explain why the gap or need presents a problem
  • Remember You must present a way to solve the
    problem or fill the need
  • Adapted from David Morrison and Stephen
    Russell, Write Winning Grants

93
Second paragraph
  • State your goal for the proposed research project
  • Should support the agencys mission
  • Present your central hypothesis or statement of
    need
  • If presenting a central hypothesis, make sure you
    are presenting a real hypothesis one that can
    be tested not a predetermined conclusion
  • Explain your rationale
  • Should explain what it will be possible to
    accomplish when your research is complete
  • Adapted from David Morrison and Stephen
    Russell, Write Winning Grants

94
Third paragraph
  • Describe your qualifications
  • Special training, expertise, and experience
  • Quantity and quality of preliminary data
  • Unique approach, technology
  • Describe your research environment
  • Collaborations and partnerships
  • Access to research subjects
  • Access to unique equipment and resources
  • Adapted from David Morrison and Stephen
    Russell, Write Winning Grants

95
Fourth paragraph
  • Delineate your objectives / specific aims
  • Ensure that all objectives link back to and
    support your overall goal
  • Provide a reasonable number of objectives
  • Present objectives in a logical order
  • Define a specific purpose, hypothesis and/or
    need, and expected outcome for each objective
  • Make sure each objective can stand alone
  • Make sure no objective is dependent on the
    successful outcome of another objective
  • Adapted from David Morrison and Stephen
    Russell, Write Winning Grants

96
Fifth paragraph
  • Reiterate the projects significance and
    innovation
  • Fill a gap in the knowledge
  • Advance the field
  • Meet a need
  • Provide an application
  • Delineate the projects expected outcomes
  • List specific deliverables
  • Summarize the projects benefits
  • Adapted from David Morrison and Stephen
    Russell, Write Winning Grants

97
Background
  • Demonstrate your familiarity with the field
  • Contextualize the proposed project
  • Nature of the problem
  • Extent of the problem
  • Significance of the problem
  • Provide a literature review and a description of
    your preliminary studies

98
Literature review
  • Cite only that literature which is directly
    relevant to the proposed project
  • Provide a critical evaluation of the literature
    you cite
  • Situate your proposed research project in the
    field

99
Preliminary studies
  • Provide an account only of the preliminary
    studies relevant to the proposed research project
  • Determine how much preliminary data to include
  • Present the results in a logical order
  • Consider illustrating the results with graphics

100
Project description
  • Organize the project description around the
    overall project goal and objectives
  • Try to devote an equal number of pages to each
    of the objectives
  • Use parallel structure to describe each of the
    objectives

101
Project description
  • Provide a title for the objective
  • Introduce the objective
  • Describe the approach to the objective
  • Identify anticipated problems for the objective
  • Delineate the expected outcomes
  • Delineate the evaluation and assessment plan
  • Delineate the potential immediate and long-term
    benefits
  • Discuss all relevant ethical issues

102
Project schedule
  • Indicate the anticipated start date
  • Delineate the key milestones
  • Incorporate the agency and program requirements

103
Project evaluation and assessment
  • Kinds of evaluation plans
  • Formative
  • Take place during the project
  • Often qualitative
  • Summative
  • Take place at the end of the project
  • Often quantitative

104
Project ethics
  • Address all relevant ethical issues regarding
    inclusion of human and animal subjects and use of
    hazardous materials, select agents, or rDNA
  • Justify use of human and animal subjects and or
    hazardous materials, select agents, or rDNA
  • Demonstrate that potential benefits outweigh
    potential risks
  • Explain safeguards from potential risks

105
Biographical sketch
  • Emphasize qualifications relevant to the proposed
    project
  • Ability to conduct project
  • Ability to manage project
  • Adhere to agencys formatting requirements
  • Use the required form (if applicable) or follow
    the required format
  • Stay within prescribed page limits
  • Include the required headings
  • Place information in the required order
  • If you are collaborating
  • Format your colleagues resumes like your own

106
Biographical sketch
  • Name
  • Title
  • Institutional affiliation
  • Education
  • Professional appointments
  • Publications
  • Grant awards
  • Collaborators
  • Co-authors, co-editors, advisors, advisees

107
Resources
  • Demonstrate that it is feasible to conduct the
    proposed research project at your institution
  • Demonstrate that you are part of an
    intellectually stimulating and supportive
    research environment

108
Grant Support
  • Show that you have a clear research agenda
  • Show that you have been productive on past
    projects
  • Demonstrate that you have sufficient time to
    conduct and manage the proposed research project
  • Demonstrate that there is no overlap between one
    of your already funded projects and your
    proposed research project

109
Budget
  • Understand typical budget categories
  • Direct costs
  • Personnel
  • Equipment
  • Materials
  • Travel
  • Indirect costs

110
Budget
  • Adhere to agency and program requirements
  • Include only allowable costs
  • Request what you need to complete the project
  • Make sure the budget reflects the research
    projects objectives, scope, and duration
  • Base budget on real costs
  • Remember that reviewers know what things cost
  • Factor in both direct and indirect costs
  • Factor in cost escalations for multi-year
    projects

111
Budget justification
  • Provide a clear, appropriately detailed, and
    persuasive explanation of why each budget request
    is needed
  • Ensure that the budget numbers mentioned in the
    proposal narrative, the budget, and the budget
    justification are consistent

112
Supplementary materials
  • Verify that supplementary materials are accepted
  • Avoid using supplementary materials to circumvent
    page limitations
  • Include only supplementary materials that support
    the application
  • Offprints of publications, manuscripts, abstracts
  • Clinical protocols or informed consent documents
  • Samples of surveys, questionnaires, or data
    collection instruments
  • Samples of curricula
  • Photographs, graphics, or other media
  • Other materials, as required
  • Letters of support or other endorsements

113
Break
  • 230 p.m. to 245 p.m.

114
Vetting, editing, and proofreading the application

115
Vet your application
  • Identify colleagues to review the application
  • Provide reviewers with the information they need
  • Give reviewers ample time to read the application
  • Review, evaluate, and incorporate feedback

116
Recognize fatal flaws
  • Reviewers receive so many proposals that they
    often look for a fatal flaw, i.e., a reason not
    to fund a proposal
  • Failing to present a good, original, and
    significant idea
  • Failing to propose a reasonable amount of work
    for the award time
  • Failing to demonstrate sufficient knowledge of
    the literature
  • Failing to provide sufficient preliminary data
  • Failing to develop independent, stand-alone
    objectives
  • Failing to delineate a focused approach
  • Failing to demonstrate outcomes and future
    directions
  • Failing to provide a reasonable budget
  • Failing to protect the safety of laboratory
    workers and/or animals
  • Failing to follow instructions
  • Adapted from David Morrison and Stephen
    Russell, Write Winning Grants

117
Revise your application
  • You will have to write and put away or burn a
    lot of material before you are comfortable in
    this medium. You might as well start now and get
    the necessary work done. For I believe that
    eventually quantity will make for quality.
  • Ray Bradbury

118
Edit your application
  • Set aside the instructions and application for a
    few days
  • Re-read the instructions and application
  • Ensure that you have included all required
    sections
  • Confirm that you have placed sections in the
    required order
  • Verify that you have addressed all review
    criteria
  • Ask yourself if you have told the story of
    your proposed research project in the most
    clear, compelling, and convincing way possible

119
Proofread your application
  • Check for errors
  • Facts
  • Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Grammar
  • Usage
  • Style
  • Run a spell check

120
Route and submit your application
  • Allow ample time to route your application for
    institutional approvals
  • Know the exact date and time that your
    application is due
  • Know how your proposal should be submitted
  • By mail
  • Postmark date vs. receipt date
  • Number of copies
  • Binding requirements
  • Electronically
  • Web site or e-mail address
  • File requirements

121
Wait for news
  • And wait . . .
  • And wait . . .
  • And wait . . .

122
Receive review comments
  • Many agencies will send you the individual
    reviews and/or a summary statement
  • Reviews can give you a good sense of whether or
    not your proposed research project is likely to
    be funded
  • Dont celebrate or despair over your reviews
    until you receive official word from the agency

123
Receive review comments
  • If your proposal is funded . . .
  • Celebrate!

124
Receive review comments
  • If your proposal is not funded . . .
  • Deal with rejection

125
Deal with rejection
  • We have read your manuscript with boundless
    delight. If we were to publish your paper, it
    would be impossible for us to publish any work of
    lower standard. And as it is unthinkable that in
    the next thousand years we shall see its equal,
    we are, to our regret, compelled to return your
    divine composition, and to beg you a thousand
    times to overlook our short sight and timidity.
  • Rejection slip from a Chinese economic journal

126
Revising and resubmitting the application

127
Revise and resubmit your application
  • Never give in, never give in, never, never,
    never, never in nothing, great or small, large
    or petty never give in except to convictions or
    honor and good sense.
  • Winston Churchill

128
Revise and resubmit your application
  • Respect the views of reviewers
  • Review the reviews
  • Decide whether or not you have a viable project
  • If you dont, revise the idea or come up with a
    new one
  • If you do, revise and resubmit the application

129
Meet performance expectations
  • Remember that when agencies and foundations fund
    your research project, they expect to see results
  • Realize that productivity on one project affects
    your ability to be awarded funding for additional
    projects in the future

130
Semester-Long Faculty Grant Writing Workshop
  • Open to tenure-track and tenured faculty or
    equivalent working in any discipline and applying
    for funds from any external agency or foundation
  • Application deadline
  • September 7
  • Orientation session
  • September 8
  • Kick-off session
  • September 20
  • Cost
  • 300

Submit completed application to Dr. Phyllis
McBride305L Jack K. Williams Admin. Bldg.MS
2404p-mcbride_at_tamu.edu
131
Evaluation
  • I love feedback!

132
Craft of Grant Writing
  • Thank you, and Good luck with your application!
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