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Acids

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Basic Salt neutralizes stomach acid. CaCO3 Ca2 CO32- CO32 ... Malic acid Citric acid ... Malic and Citric acid increase the [H ], which lowers the [OH ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Acids


1
Acids Lesson 8 Application of Hydrolysis
2
Application of Hydrolysis Tums CaCO3 Basic
Salt neutralizes stomach acid CaCO3 ?
Ca2 CO32- CO32- HCl ? HCO3- Cl- HCO3
- HCl ? H2CO3 Cl-
3
Application of Hydrolysis Salt and Vinegar
Potato Chips NaCH3COO(S) C3H5O3COOH(S)
H3C6H5O7(S) Sodium acetate Malic
acid Citric acid Basic Salt All of the above
are solid and can be added in large quantity
without making the chips soggy. NaCH3COO ?
Na CH3COO- CH3COO- H2O ? CH3COOH
OH- Malic and Citric acid increase the
H, which lowers the OH-, shifting the
reaction to the right making more vinegar.
4
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4
5
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid
6
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2
7
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride
8
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3
9
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3 H2SO3 ? H HSO3- Ca(OH)2

10
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3 H2SO3 ? H HSO3- Ca(OH)2 Wea
k Base
11
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3 H2SO3 ? H HSO3- Ca(OH)2 Wea
k Base Ca(OH)2 ? Ca2
2OH- H2CO3
12
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3 H2SO3 ? H HSO3- Ca(OH)2 Wea
k Base Ca(OH)2 ? Ca2
2OH- H2CO3 Weak Acid
13
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3 H2SO3 ? H HSO3- Ca(OH)2 Wea
k Base Ca(OH)2 ? Ca2
2OH- H2CO3 Weak Acid H2CO3 ? H
HCO3- BaO
14
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3 H2SO3 ? H HSO3- Ca(OH)2 Wea
k Base Ca(OH)2 ? Ca2
2OH- H2CO3 Weak Acid H2CO3 ? H
HCO3- BaO Basic Anhydride
15
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3 H2SO3 ? H HSO3- Ca(OH)2 Wea
k Base Ca(OH)2 ? Ca2
2OH- H2CO3 Weak Acid H2CO3 ? H
HCO3- BaO Basic Anhydride BaO H2O ?
Ba(OH)2
16
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
HClO4 Strong acid HClO3 ? H
ClO4- SO2 Acid Anhydride SO2 H2O ?
H2SO3 H2SO3 ? H HSO3- Ca(OH)2 Wea
k Base Ca(OH)2 ? Ca2
2OH- H2CO3 Weak Acid H2CO3 ? H
HCO3- BaO Basic Anhydride BaO H2O ?
Ba(OH)2 Ba(OH)2 ? Ba2 2OH-
17
Classify each formula and write an
equation. strong acid weak acid strong
base weak base acid anhydride basic anhydride.
NaCN Basic Salt NaCN ? Na
CN- CN- H2O ? HCN
OH- KCl Neutral Salt KCl ? K
Cl- CrCl3 Acid Salt CrCl3 ? Cr3
3Cl- Cr(H20)63 ? H Cr(H20)5(OH)2
18
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