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Automated Electric Transportation Transforming America's Transportation Future


... of California PATH Program. John A. Volpe National Transportation ... U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) AET Collaboration Contributing Organizations ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Automated Electric Transportation Transforming America's Transportation Future

Automated Electric TransportationTransforming
America's Transportation Future
AET Collaboration Contributing Organizations
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Utah State University
  • Texas AM University
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • California Energy Commission
  • Energy Intersection Inc.
  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Austin Energy
  • University of California PATH Program
  • John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems
  • Research and Innovative Technology Administration
  • U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)

AET Vision
  • We envision a systematic transition to a national
    automated electric transportation system that
    dramatically improves Americas mobility and
    energy security. The system will
  • provide energy directly to vehicles from
    electrified highwaysdramatically reducing their
    use of petroleum and the emission of CO2, and
  • automate control of the vehicles while on the
    highways, reducing congestion, improving safety,
    freeing the drivers time, and providing new
    in-vehicle services.
  • The system will extend, not replace, our current
    highway systemvehicles capable of traveling on
    electrified automated highways will also be able
    to drive as conventional vehicles on conventional

Transportation Issues Addressed by AET
  • Oil dependence
  • 2/3 oil consumed for transportation
  • 60 of oil is imported
  • Oil invulnerability
  • Use domestic energy sources for transportation
  • Imported oil competes with other options
  • Vehicle emissions
  • 66 of all Carbon Monoxide
  • 38 of all Nitrogen Oxides
  • 26 of all Volatile Organic Compounds
  • 30 of all Carbon Dioxide
  • No vehicle emissions
  • Point source emissions only
  • Far fewer to manage
  • Easier to manage than moving sources
  • Congestion Expected capacity per lane from 2 to
    4 times that of conventional highways
  • Congestion estimated annual cost of 64 billion
  • Safety
  • Over 40,000 traffic fatalities per year
  • Over 3 million injured
  • Annual cost more than 200 billion
  • Safety through automation
  • Driver and environmental problems cause 95 of
    the crashes
  • Automation can eliminate human driver problems
    of inattentiveness, impairment, misperception
    and misjudgement that lead to most crashes
  • Automation can see through all weather conditions

Two Key AET Elements
  • Energy carrier switch
  • from oil to electricity
  • from the vehicle to the road
  • Control switch
  • from humans to automated systems
  • Simultaneously address 4 transportation issues.

Possible Transition Path to AET
Implementation Plan
  • Development of consensus roadmap (2009-10)
  • First seed funding for architecture definition
    and enabling research (2010)
  • National commitment of substantial research
    funding to
  • Resolve key technical obstacles
  • Address institutional and political challenges
  • Define staged deployment strategy
  • Design system and national network
  • Implement first specialized, limited-scale
    applications (goods movement)
  • National decision on large-scale deployment

Identified Challenges
  • Technical feasibility
  • Wireless power transfer to moving vehicles
  • Automated driving technology (fault handling)
  • Public and private sector roles in funding,
    development and operation of system
  • Public and industry acceptance of such a large
    change and its associated up-front costs
  • Network effects (large scale needed to gain large
  • Liability
  • Electric utility questions
  • How will they serve and price the new loads?
  • Dynamics of power flows (bidirectional)

Roadmap Outline
  • Goals
  • Critical System Requirements
  • Major Challenges
  • RDDD Pathways
  • Financial, Policy, and Organizational Pathways
  • Timeline
  • Resource Needs

Desired Roadmap Outcomes
  • Concise, cohesive report
  • Describing vision and pathways to get there
  • Consensus-oriented
  • Inclusive of technology, deployment, regional
  • Delineating initial technology, financial,
    policy, and organizational paths forward
  • Aggressive but realistic goals / timeline
  • Industry / Government / University Participation
  • National RDDD program plan

Potential Stakeholders
  • Industry (must eventually adopt ownership role)
  • Utilities
  • Infrastructure providers
  • System Integrators
  • Component and technology providers including
    vehicle OEMs
  • Investors
  • Government
  • State Agencies
  • National Labs (DOE DOT DOD etc.)
  • Research Universities
  • Transportation and environmental interest groups

For More Information
  • See our report at
  • http//

Next Steps
  • Contact
  • Jeff Muhs
  • Ted Fox
  • Christine Ehlig-Economides