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Automated Electric Transportation Transforming America's Transportation Future

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... of California PATH Program. John A. Volpe National Transportation ... U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) AET Collaboration Contributing Organizations ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Automated Electric Transportation Transforming America's Transportation Future


1
Automated Electric TransportationTransforming
America's Transportation Future
8.25.2008
2
AET Collaboration Contributing Organizations
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Utah State University
  • Texas AM University
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • California Energy Commission
  • Energy Intersection Inc.
  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Austin Energy
  • University of California PATH Program
  • John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems
    Center
  • Research and Innovative Technology Administration
    (RITA)
  • U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT)

3
AET Vision
  • We envision a systematic transition to a national
    automated electric transportation system that
    dramatically improves Americas mobility and
    energy security. The system will
  • provide energy directly to vehicles from
    electrified highwaysdramatically reducing their
    use of petroleum and the emission of CO2, and
  • automate control of the vehicles while on the
    highways, reducing congestion, improving safety,
    freeing the drivers time, and providing new
    in-vehicle services.
  • The system will extend, not replace, our current
    highway systemvehicles capable of traveling on
    electrified automated highways will also be able
    to drive as conventional vehicles on conventional
    roadways.

4
Transportation Issues Addressed by AET
  • Oil dependence
  • 2/3 oil consumed for transportation
  • 60 of oil is imported
  • Oil invulnerability
  • Use domestic energy sources for transportation
  • Imported oil competes with other options
  • Vehicle emissions
  • 66 of all Carbon Monoxide
  • 38 of all Nitrogen Oxides
  • 26 of all Volatile Organic Compounds
  • 30 of all Carbon Dioxide
  • No vehicle emissions
  • Point source emissions only
  • Far fewer to manage
  • Easier to manage than moving sources
  • Congestion Expected capacity per lane from 2 to
    4 times that of conventional highways
  • Congestion estimated annual cost of 64 billion
  • Safety
  • Over 40,000 traffic fatalities per year
  • Over 3 million injured
  • Annual cost more than 200 billion
  • Safety through automation
  • Driver and environmental problems cause 95 of
    the crashes
  • Automation can eliminate human driver problems
    of inattentiveness, impairment, misperception
    and misjudgement that lead to most crashes
  • Automation can see through all weather conditions

5
Two Key AET Elements
  • Energy carrier switch
  • from oil to electricity
  • from the vehicle to the road
  • Control switch
  • from humans to automated systems
  • Simultaneously address 4 transportation issues.

6
Possible Transition Path to AET
7
Implementation Plan
  • Development of consensus roadmap (2009-10)
  • First seed funding for architecture definition
    and enabling research (2010)
  • National commitment of substantial research
    funding to
  • Resolve key technical obstacles
  • Address institutional and political challenges
  • Define staged deployment strategy
  • Design system and national network
  • Implement first specialized, limited-scale
    applications (goods movement)
  • National decision on large-scale deployment

8
Identified Challenges
  • Technical feasibility
  • Wireless power transfer to moving vehicles
  • Automated driving technology (fault handling)
  • Public and private sector roles in funding,
    development and operation of system
  • Public and industry acceptance of such a large
    change and its associated up-front costs
  • Network effects (large scale needed to gain large
    benefits)
  • Liability
  • Electric utility questions
  • How will they serve and price the new loads?
  • Dynamics of power flows (bidirectional)

9
Roadmap Outline
  • Goals
  • Critical System Requirements
  • Major Challenges
  • RDDD Pathways
  • Financial, Policy, and Organizational Pathways
  • Timeline
  • Resource Needs

10
Desired Roadmap Outcomes
  • Concise, cohesive report
  • Describing vision and pathways to get there
  • Consensus-oriented
  • Inclusive of technology, deployment, regional
    options
  • Delineating initial technology, financial,
    policy, and organizational paths forward
  • Aggressive but realistic goals / timeline
  • Industry / Government / University Participation
  • National RDDD program plan

11
Potential Stakeholders
  • Industry (must eventually adopt ownership role)
  • Utilities
  • Infrastructure providers
  • System Integrators
  • Component and technology providers including
    vehicle OEMs
  • Investors
  • Government
  • DOE EERE DOT FHWA EPA DOC DOI DOD DHS
  • State Agencies
  • National Labs (DOE DOT DOD etc.)
  • Research Universities
  • Transportation and environmental interest groups

12
For More Information
  • See our report at
  • http//energylab.usu.edu

13
Next Steps
  • Contact
  • Jeff Muhs
  • Jeff.muhs_at_usu.edu
  • Ted Fox
  • foxec_at_ornl.gov
  • Christine Ehlig-Economides
  • caee_at_tamu.edu
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