U.S.%20Meat%20Production:%20Protect%20Your%20Health%20and%20the%20Environment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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U.S.%20Meat%20Production:%20Protect%20Your%20Health%20and%20the%20Environment

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Title: U.S.%20Meat%20Production:%20Protect%20Your%20Health%20and%20the%20Environment


1
U.S. Meat Production Protect Your Health and the
Environment
  • Gretchen Miller, Project Coordinator
  • Campaign for Safe Food
  • Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility

2
Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility
  • National org. started in 1961by a group of
    physicians looking at the health effects of
    nuclear weapons.
  • Oregon chapter started in 1980
  • Expands beyond nuclear bombs/war global
    warming, environmental health, Campaign for Safe
    Food

3
Campaign for Safe Food
  • Established in 2003 to advance a sustainable
    food system that does not use genetic
    engineering.
  • rBGH
  • Biopharmaceuticals
  • Sustainable Meat Production

4
Goals
  • ? awareness of problems associated with the U.S.
    meat system
  • ? negative health, environmental, and animal
    welfare impacts associated with meat production
  • ? support for sustainable meat purchasing

5
Industrial Meat System
VS.
6
Industrial Meat System
VS.
  • Large CAFOs make up only 5 of livestock
    operations but produce more than 50 of our food
    animals.
  • A large CAFO operation contains more than 1,000
    beef cattle, 2,500 hogs or 100,000 broiler hens.

7
Industrial Meat Production
  • CAFOs/factory farms are where the majority of
    meat comes from 67 poultry and 42 pork
  • Done to produce the highest output at the lowest
    cost
  • Requires many inputs for economic viability
    (pesticides, antibiotics, feed, etc.)

8
Impacts
  • Health
  • Environment
  • Animal Welfare

9
Health
  • Antibiotic Resistance
  • Diet Related Disease
  • Additional Concerns

10
Health - Antibiotic Resistance
  • What is it?
  • Bacteria develop ability to withstand the effects
    of certain antibiotics, making treatment
    difficult

Slide adapted from Keep Antibiotics Working.
Antibiotic Resistance An Emerging Public Health
Crisis
11
Health Antibiotic Resistance
  • How does antibiotic resistance affect us?
  • Monetarily Estimated that resistant infections
    cost 30 billion annually
  • Health Resistant infections and illnesses
    afflict millions each year
  • Campylobacter, Salmonella, MRSA

Slide adapted from Keep Antibiotics Working.
Antibiotic Resistance An Emerging Public Health
Crisis
12
Health - Antibiotic Resistance
  • Non-therapeutic antibiotics
  • Administered in animal feed and water to
    compensate for poor living conditions and promote
    growth
  • Antibiotics also enter feed through crops grown
    on soil fertilized with manure (human food
    exposure as well)
  • Many of these drugs are the same or similar to
    what is used in human medicine

13
Health - Antibiotic Resistance
14
Health - Diet Related Disease
  • Diets high in red and processed meat are
    associated with greater incidence of Type 2
    diabetes and mortality from cancer and
    cardiovascular disease
  • Saturated fats ? cholesterol levels which ? risk
    of heart disease and stroke
  • Animals raised on grain fed diets may have more
    total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and
    calories and less Vitamin E, beta carotene,
    Vitamin C, and omega-3 fatty acids

15
Health Additional Concerns
  • Cloned Animals
  • ? antibiotics and hormones
  • Few studies have looked directly at food safety
  • No long-term studies have looked at food safety
  • Genetically Engineered Animals
  • Allergenicity
  • Bioactive proteins/peptides
  • Toxicity from novel protein expression

16
Health Additional Concerns
  • Growth Hormones
  • rBGH - ? antibiotic resistance, possible increase
    in cancers
  • 6 other FDA approved steroid growth hormones
    widely used in meat production that may interfere
    with human hormones such as estrogen and
    progesterone increase cancer?
  • Endocrine disruptors

17
Environment
  • Global Warming
  • Water
  • Land Degradation
  • Genetic Engineering

18
Environment Global Warming
  • Livestock contribution
  • Worldwide 18 - more than all transportation
  • U.S. 3-5 on farm
  • U.S. emissions come from enteric fermentation,
    manure management, and soil management

19
Environment Global Warming
  • Effects of global warming
  • Drought
  • Difficulties with accessing potable water
  • Loss of agricultural crops - ? food prices
  • Devastation to forests - ? wildfires
  • Rising Temps
  • Heat related illness
  • Endangered species
  • Flood
  • Displacement
  • Death

20
Environment - Water
  • Contamination
  • Nitrates and other nutrients, heavy metals, and
    antibiotics found in manure leak from lagoons,
    runoff from fields and contaminate water
  • Blue Baby Syndrome, spontaneous abortion,
    gastrointestinal problems
  • Dead zones (Gulf of Mexico 5-8k miles2 )
  • Fish kills
  • In just 22 states, 35,000 river miles polluted
    with animal waste

21
Environment - Water
  • Overuse
  • Estimated that it takes 2,500 gallons of water to
    produce 1lb. of meat
  • It take only 25 gallons to produce 1lb. of wheat
  • Irrigation for feed crops accounts for much of
    water use
  • It takes 10 lbs. of grain to produce one lb. of
    meat
  • 80 of grain (corn and soy) in U.S. goes to
    livestock production

22
Environment Land Degradation
  • Forests and native habitats are converted to crop
    and grazing land for animal feed
  • Unsustainable grazing practices lead to erosion

23
Environment Genetic Engineering
  • Genetically Engineered Animals
  • ? in biodiversity from reproduction with non-GE
    species (e.g., fish, insects, mice, etc.)
  • Genetically Engineered Crops for Feed
  • Contamination, super weeds, harmful to
    beneficial insects, increased pesticide use
  • 80 of corn and 92 soybeans planted in the U.S.
    are genetically engineered
  • 80 of corn and at least 50 of soybeans go to
    livestock feed

24
Animal Welfare
  • Confinement/Concentration
  • GE Cloned Animals

25
Animal Welfare - CAFOs
  • Confinement Cannot act out innate behaviors,
    unable to naturally mate, aggressive behaviors
  • Sanitation Increase in disease (directly
    related to antibiotic resistance)

26
Animal Welfare Cloned Animals
  • Cloned Animals
  • 90 prenatal failure
  • 50 Large Offspring Syndrome (LOS)
  • ? rates of diabetes and heart damage

27
Animal Welfare Genetically Engineered Animals
  • Genetically Engineered Animals
  • Variable/uncontrolled gene expression - illness
    and death
  • ? in utero death, infertility, developmental
    defects
  • ? diabetes and parasites

28
What Can You Do?
  • Reduce your meat consumption
  • Meatless Monday
  • Abstaining from red meat one day a week could
    result in a 4-5 decrease in GHG emissions
    related to food intake in avg. household.

29
What Can You Do?
  • Move meat off the center of your plate/? portion
    sizes USDA nutritional guidelines
  • saved can be used for increased fruit and
    vegetable consumption or purchasing sustainably
    raised meat.

30
What Can You Do?
  • Vote with your dollars
  • Purchase sustainably produced meat
    environmentally responsible, without antibiotics,
    humanely raised
  • Avoid products that are known to be GE or cloned

31
Sustainable Options
  • Third Party Certified Labels
  • Organic, Food Alliance, Humanely Raised
  • USDA Approved Label Claims
  • No hormones added, raised without antibiotics,
    grass-fed
  • Local
  • Farmers markets, CSAs, U-Pick, etc.
  • Make sure choices are sustainable

32
What Can You Do?
  • Educate others
  • Friends, colleagues, students
  • Encourage change
  • Hospitals
  • School Cafeterias
  • Senior Centers
  • Catered Events

33
What Can You Do?
  • Weigh in on the issues
  • Submit comments on proposed rules
  • Write to your congress person regarding
    introducing or supporting legislation
  • Sen. Ron Wyden
  • Sen. Jeff Merkely
  • Rep. David Wu
  • Rep. Greg Walden
  • Rep. Earl Blumenauer
  • Rep. Pete DeFazio
  • Rep. Kurt Schrader

34
  • Thank You!
  • Gretchen Miller, Project Coordinator
  • Campaign for Safe Food
  • Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility
  • gretchen_at_oregonpsr.org
  • Office (503) 274-2720
  • Cell (503) 953-6804
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