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Global, Human, and Ethical Impacts

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Ethical Design Dilemmas ... are the ethical consequences suggested ... Like design, moral choice often involves alternative permissible solutions to dilemmas. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Global, Human, and Ethical Impacts


1

Forging new generations of engineers
2
Global, Human, and Ethical Impacts
3
Impacts
  • Human
  • Throughout time, humanity has used natural
    resources, animals, plants and inanimate
    materials, for its survival, consumption, and
    enjoyment.
  • It is often taken for granted things and
    resources will always be here.
  • Many times short term monetary gain is considered
    a priority.

4
Impacts Continued
  • Global
  • Population
  • - is growing at an exponential rate.
  • - shows a continual change in human needs and
    wants.
  • Energy non-renewable resources are becoming more
    and more scarce.

5
Ethics
  • A set of moral principles or values a theory or
    system of moral values.
  • The discipline dealing with what is good and bad
    and with moral duty and obligation.

6
Ethical Design Dilemmas
  • Situations in which decisions you make are in
    conflict with what may or may not be morally
    correct.
  • Sometimes this is obvious right away, and other
    times it is not.
  • Solutions to open-ended design problems have
    dilemmas that designers face when creating the
    product.
  • Lets look at some pictures of products or things
    and discuss the ethics involved.

7
Inventions
  • What are the ethical consequences suggested in
    these pictures?

8
Steps in resolving ethical design decisions
  • Moral Clarity- identify the relevant moral
    values.
  • Conceptual clarity- clarify key concepts.
  • Just the facts- obtain all relevant information.
  • Informed about options- Consider all genuine
    options and alternative solutions.
  • Well-reasoned- Make a reasonable decision.

9
Design Analogy
  • Engineering design as a metaphor or model for
    thinking about moral decision making- in general,
    not just within engineering.
  • Like design, moral choice often involves
    alternative permissible solutions to dilemmas.

10
Product Lifecycle
  • Definition
  • Five Steps

11
Raise and Extract
  • All consumer products begin their lifecycle with
  • a dependence on the natural environment.
  • Some form of energy is always required to extract
    the natural resources from the earth or its
    atmosphere.

12
Process
  • Raw materials are processed or refined.
  • Energy is required for the processing and
    refining.

13
Manufacture
  • Manufacture
  • Additional energy is required as the processed or
    refined materials move through the manufacturing
    and assembly process.

14
Use
  • Use
  • Consumer products are transported to stores
    (consuming additional energy) and are ready for
    purchase.
  • Products remain at this stage as long as they are
    usable or repairable.

15
Dispose
  • Dispose
  • When the product is no longer of use to us and we
    get rid of it.

16
EPA Guidelines
  • EPA Environmental Protection Agency. This
    organizations mission is to protect human health
    and the environment.

17
EPA Guidelines
  • The EPA works to develop and enforce regulations
    that implement environmental laws enacted by
    Congress.

18
EPA Guidelines
  • The EPA is responsible for researching and
    setting national standards for a variety of
    environmental programs.
  • The EPA delegates to states and tribes the
    responsibility for issuing permits and monitoring
    and enforcing compliance.

19
OSHA Guidelines
  • OSHA-Occupational Safety and Health
    Administration
  • OSHA's mission is to assure the safety and health
    of America's workers by setting and enforcing
    standards providing training, outreach, and
    education establishing partnerships and
    encouraging continual improvement in workplace
    safety and health.

20
OSHA Guidelines
  • To establish and maintain safe workplace
    environments, OSHA enforces standards and reaches
    out to employers and employees through technical
    assistance and consultation programs.

21
Consumer Product Life-Cycle Activity
  • Procedure
  • In this activity, you will select a consumer
    product and research its lifecycle from the
    beginning to end.
  •  
  • In groups of two, pick a consumer product that is
    used everyday. The product must be instructor
    approved.
  •  
  • Investigate the lifecycle of this product as
    discussed in the Global and Human Impacts
    PowerPoint presentation.
  •  
  • Create a timeline of your product, using
    PowerPoint, which discusses the five steps of
    the product lifecycle.
  •  
  • Include at least three different cited sources
    using APA style on the final slide in your
    presentation.

22
Questions
  • What is meant by product lifecycle?
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • 2.  Why is it important for companies who make
    products to research and determine a products
    potential lifecycle?
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • 3. What would you change about your product? Why?
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • 4.  Do you think your product will evolve or
    become obsolete over time? Why?

23
Global, Human, and Ethical Impacts
24
Impacts
  • Human
  • Throughout time, humanity has used natural
    resources, animals, plants and inanimate
    materials, for its survival, consumption, and
    enjoyment.
  • It is often taken for granted things and
    resources will always be here.
  • Many times short term monetary gain is considered
    a priority.

25
Impacts Continued
  • Global
  • Population
  • - is growing at an exponential rate.
  • - shows a continual change in human needs and
    wants.
  • Energy non-renewable resources are becoming more
    and more scarce.

26
Ethics
  • A set of moral principles or values a theory or
    system of moral values.
  • The discipline dealing with what is good and bad
    and with moral duty and obligation.

27
Ethical Design Dilemmas
  • Situations in which decisions you make are in
    conflict with what may or may not be morally
    correct.
  • Sometimes this is obvious right away, and other
    times it is not.
  • Solutions to open-ended design problems have
    dilemmas that designers face when creating the
    product.
  • Lets look at some pictures of products or things
    and discuss the ethics involved.

28
Inventions
  • What are the ethical consequences suggested in
    these pictures?

29
Steps in resolving ethical design decisions
  • Moral Clarity- identify the relevant moral
    values.
  • Conceptual clarity- clarify key concepts.
  • Just the facts- obtain all relevant information.
  • Informed about options- Consider all genuine
    options and alternative solutions.
  • Well-reasoned- Make a reasonable decision.

30
Design Analogy
  • Engineering design as a metaphor or model for
    thinking about moral decision making- in general,
    not just within engineering.
  • Like design, moral choice often involves
    alternative permissible solutions to dilemmas.

31
Product Lifecycle
  • Definition
  • Five Steps

32
Raise and Extract
  • All consumer products begin their lifecycle with
  • a dependence on the natural environment.
  • Some form of energy is always required to extract
    the natural resources from the earth or its
    atmosphere.

33
Process
  • Raw materials are processed or refined.
  • Energy is required for the processing and
    refining.

34
Manufacture
  • Manufacture
  • Additional energy is required as the processed or
    refined materials move through the manufacturing
    and assembly process.

35
Use
  • Use
  • Consumer products are transported to stores
    (consuming additional energy) and are ready for
    purchase.
  • Products remain at this stage as long as they are
    usable or repairable.

36
Dispose
  • Dispose
  • When the product is no longer of use to us and we
    get rid of it.

37
EPA Guidelines
  • EPA Environmental Protection Agency. This
    organizations mission is to protect human health
    and the environment.

38
EPA Guidelines
  • The EPA works to develop and enforce regulations
    that implement environmental laws enacted by
    Congress.

39
EPA Guidelines
  • The EPA is responsible for researching and
    setting national standards for a variety of
    environmental programs.
  • The EPA delegates to states and tribes the
    responsibility for issuing permits and monitoring
    and enforcing compliance.

40
OSHA Guidelines
  • OSHA-Occupational Safety and Health
    Administration
  • OSHA's mission is to assure the safety and health
    of America's workers by setting and enforcing
    standards providing training, outreach, and
    education establishing partnerships and
    encouraging continual improvement in workplace
    safety and health.

41
OSHA Guidelines
  • To establish and maintain safe workplace
    environments, OSHA enforces standards and reaches
    out to employers and employees through technical
    assistance and consultation programs.

42
Consumer Product Life-Cycle Activity
  • Procedure
  • In this activity, you will select a consumer
    product and research its lifecycle from the
    beginning to end.
  •  
  • In groups of two, pick a consumer product that is
    used everyday. The product must be instructor
    approved.
  •  
  • Investigate the lifecycle of this product as
    discussed in the Global and Human Impacts
    PowerPoint presentation.
  •  
  • Create a timeline of your product, using
    PowerPoint, which discusses the five steps of
    the product lifecycle.
  •  
  • Include at least three different cited sources
    using APA style on the final slide in your
    presentation.

43
Questions
  • What is meant by product lifecycle?
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • 2.  Why is it important for companies who make
    products to research and determine a products
    potential lifecycle?
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • 3. What would you change about your product? Why?
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • 4.  Do you think your product will evolve or
    become obsolete over time? Why?
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