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Ancient Greece

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Encompassed the whole Greek mainland, parts of Asia Minor ... Gave the inhabitants of Mediterranean world common myths, values, and identity ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greece


1
Ancient Greece
2
Crete
3
Crete
  • Island of the Minoans
  • Strongly stratified system
  • Tribute and taxes from pesants
  • Luxury imports of Elites
  • Not militaristic!!

4
Crete cont.
  • No fortifications around the towns
  • No statues depicting warriors
  • Women had high status
  • Mother Goddess (good and evil)
  • Sea Trading people

5
How did they fall?
  • Volcano?
  • Title wave?
  • Mainland Greeks taking over?
  • More than likely the latter, (Painting)

6
Greek area warfare
  • Around 1600 BCE
  • New a powerful warrior civ. arose in Greece
  • Rich, powerful and warlike elite
  • Gold ornaments
  • Bronze swords
  • Spearheads
  • Knives
  • Axes/Armor etc.

7
Mycenae
  • Due to tombs we have evidence of more than 500
    villages
  • Mycenae, Tiryns, Athens, Thebes, Gla, and Pylos
  • Encompassed the whole Greek mainland, parts of
    Asia Minor
  • No evidence that the city Mycenae ruled all of
    Greece

8
Mycenae
9
Mycenaean Civilization
  • Quickly adaptive
  • Strong fortifications
  • Local Kings organized and collected taxes and
    tributes
  • Local towns, rural districts
  • Produced Bronze, woolen cloth, and agriculture

10
Mycenaean Civilization
  • Language
  • Adapted Language from Minoans
  • Linear A --gt Linear B
  • Greek dialect
  • Used to keep records

11
Decline
  • Did not last long
  • 1200 BCE many cities were sacked
  • 400 years
  • Civilization disappeared
  • Centralized govt, literacy, urban life.

12
Reasons for Decline
  • Pyramid of lordship
  • Small military elite
  • Overpopulation
  • Fragile agrarian base
  • Overspecialization in crops
  • Internal warfare

13
New people inhabit Greece
  • Dorians
  • Dark Ages
  • Primitive culture and society
  • Greeks migrated to Asia Minor
  • Mediterranean area was Greek speaking

14
  • Greece is not a geographical area, but a cultural
    identity!!

15
Dark Ages
  • Architecture,
  • urban traditions,
  • writing
  • All disappeared
  • C. 1100- 700 BCE
  • Two Epic Poems written down are some of only
    evidence from Dark Ages

16
Homer
  • Illiad and Odyssey
  • C. 750 BCE
  • Oral story, eventually written down
  • Oral bards (performers)

17
(No Transcript)
18
Homer cont.
  • Plays were representative of Dark Age society
  • Hero Odysseus --gt military Chieftain
  • Local King had authority, but nobility were
    trying to take place
  • Instability!

19
They See the Light
  • Inherited memories of organized urban
    civilization
  • Gave the inhabitants of Mediterranean world
    common myths, values, and identity
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