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Leadership and Youth Bringing Out the Best in People


Different individuals and communities would require different ways of ... A good match-maker. Overall, what is needed - discipline, diligence and dedication ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Leadership and Youth Bringing Out the Best in People

Leadership and YouthBringing Out the Best in
  • Ambassador Ong Keng Yong
  • Asia Leadership Centre Eminent Leaders Lecture
  • The University of Cambodia
  • 7th April 2009

Bringing Out the Best in people
  • Different individuals and communities would
    require different ways of communication and
    motivation to bring out the best in people. From
    my practical experience, the following are
  • Qualities needed
  • Be knowledgeable
  • Know what is ASEAN and how ASEAN is looking to
    promote its regional identity
  • Be honest and sincere
  • Competent, clean and non-corrupt
  • Trustworthy

Bringing Out the Best in people
  • Be open and transparent
  • Promote transparency in decision-making processes
  • Be a team player
  • Build teamwork and partnership
  • Be strategic and long-term
  • Minor issues from day to day will prevail, but
    must look at the big picture
  • Foresight and planning
  • Be composed and committed
  • Accept the rule of law and foster the growth of
    civil society

Bringing Out the Best in people
  • Be a leader
  • Be accountable and honourable
  • Skills able leadership
  • Provide incentives and rewards
  • Understand capacity of individual and systems
  • No job is too small or too big
  • Leadership by example
  • Good mentoring
  • Dont be kind for the wrong reason
  • A good match-maker
  • Overall, what is needed - discipline, diligence
    and dedication

Looking at the Future of ASEAN
  • Leadership is key
  • Have elements of good government but still need
    to get out of the idea that just because high
    growth rates have been achieved, significant role
    and influence can be obtained on the
    international stage
  • Need more than just high GDP or positive social
    economic indicators

Looking at the Future of ASEAN
  • Good governance and leadership
  • Positive elements
  • open (transparency in decision-making processes)
  • accountable (choice/elections)
  • competent, clean and non-corrupt
  • accept the rule of law
  • rules-based (predictability)
  • free to act, decide, speak (civil
    liberties/personal freedom)
  • make every citizen feel a stakeholder (
  • build teamwork and partnership
  • foster growth of civil society
  • behave as a responsible global citizen

Looking at the Future of ASEAN
  • Structurally, need for
  • institutions - permanency and stability
  • rules and regulations - sustainable and
  • network - communicate, learn, reach out
    (connectivity and mobilisation)
  • policy - stability and context
  • Should not allow the debate on values to
  • other issues we have in dealing with the
  • concerns of a multipolar world.

Looking at the Future of ASEAN
  • Leadership
  • not confined to political leaders
  • at all levels
  • public sector
  • private sector
  • people sector
  • the younger generation is important
  • bind and pull together
  • common identity
  • common belief
  • common purpose

Looking at the Future of ASEAN
  • The paradox of globalization is that it limits
    the role of governments and yet makes good
    governance more important than ever.
  • Good governance is not just about opening up the
    economy and freeing up the dead hand of
  • It is also about creating the conditions for
    sustained development and actively pursuing
    policies to make life better for all segments of
    the population.

  • The ASEAN Way is
  • characterized by
  • consensus-based decision-making,
  • strict principles of non-intervention,
  • the sanctity of state sovereignty,
  • has been both criticized and praised by scholars
    and experts
  • helps to avoid and control conflicts
  • reflects a common cultural approach to
    international security management as embedded in
    the minds of ASEAN policy makers
  • ASEAN's ambitious plan to create an ASEAN
    Economic Community by 2015

Importance of the ASEAN Charter
  • Help reposition ASEAN for 21st century
  • Framework document to make grouping a more
    rules-based organization, accountable and
  • Give ASEAN a formal legal status with a legal
  • Commits members to enhance good governance and
    the rule of law, protect human rights, and work
    towards a single market and production base
  • Strengthen ASEAN s credibility and commitment to
  • Integrate subregions like Mekong, BIMP-EAGA into

Human Rights
  • Globalisation
  • Promote economic growth, but much of the growth
    is unbalanced and unequal
  • Rights consciousness allows us to look at
    different perspectives more clearly
  • Blurring of boundaries
  • Need to find an appropriate mixture of
    individualism with continued respect for
  • communities no longer isolated
  • communal approach changing
  • result of influence from international values
  • Identity issue
  • Groups now assertive in their claims to political
    and economic rights

Human Rights
  • Tension between economic development, rapid
    growth and state of governance
  • Key argument - Assumption that economic/social
    rights more important than civil/political rights
  • Asian perspective vs Western perspective and
  • Asia authoritarian government needed -
    development first
  • Successful economic and social development before
    all other issues
  • West sense of human rights developed within its
    political and historical context
  • Demands that poor, politically unstable
    underdeveloped countries guarantee as broad a
    range of individual freedoms as exists in the
    developed world

Human Rights
  • Member states share the common understanding of
    the importance of democracy, human rights and
    fundamental freedoms
  • ASEAN Charter and its agreements
  • Terms Of Reference for Human Rights Body (HRB)
    drafted by High Level Panel (HLP) of
    representatives of the 10 member states
  • During ASEAN Summit in Thailand, foreign
    ministers and HLP discussed and exchanged views
    on a wide range of topics

  • Part of ongoing regional efforts to help realize
    a people-centred ASEAN Community by 2015
  • Objective create a viable mechanism that will
    promote and protect human rights
  • Help shape and raise human rights standards in
  • Must be credible and practical effective
  • However given diversity among ASEAN Member
    States, must be evolutionary

Meaning of the Charter to Civil Society
  • Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) ? human
    rights issues
  • Currently not enough to secure mass
    interest/ensure effective human rights
  • Terms Of Reference of proposed ASEAN HRB not
  • Information exchange (Info X) or Action platform
  • Looking for a strong document oriented towards a
    democratic and just society

Meaning of the Charter to Civil Society
  • First step of agreeing to Charter and HRB ? a
    concrete move forward
  • Commitment of countries given ? starting point
  • Next stage codify common practices
  • Followed by how to enhance quality of life ?
    fight poverty, health, ensure adequate education,
    social justice

Meaning of the Charter to Civil Society
  • Proposal from some academics/scholars
  • Move on separate levels to broaden awareness,
    increase education and capacity building for
    human rights promotion and protection
  • Process has begun
  • Significant step forward
  • Implement what has been agreed
  • Demonstrate commitment

  • Charter is a manifested outcome of a process
  • Aim to update every 5 years
  • System in place has to evolve in tandem alongside
    changes in domestic and external environment

  • ASEAN can be effective to the extent Member
    States are able to deliver/are willing to
    subscribe to the Charter/live up to what they
    have agreed to do
  • Cooperation and commitment is crucial
  • ASEAN Leaders
  • Pragmatic view of democracy
  • Ensure rule of law
  • Striking a balance between the short and long
    term, and between the individual and the

  • ASEAN is key to the survival of its Member States
    in the face of global change rise of China and
    India advance of technology dangers to the
  • Unless all ten countries work collectively and
    integrate economically, progress and survival
    chances of each individual country cannot be
  • Cannot view ASEAN as a good thing to have only
    during good times
  • Need to keep it going despite the odds
  • Should always keep ASEANs agenda on track
  • Youth in ASEAN countries must play their part

Thank You
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