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Title:

Transforming Stabilization

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Vision of politico-military environment. Interact with nonmilitary partners & build consensus ... Non-lethal weapons. Infrastructure. Civil infrastructure ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Transforming Stabilization


1
Transforming Stabilization Reconstruction
Operations
  • Fletcher/IFPA Conference
  • Center for Technology and National Security
    Policy
  • 2 December 2003

2
The Stabilization and Reconstruction Gap Figure
1
3
The Stabilization and Reconstruction Gap Figure
2
4
The Stabilization and Reconstruction Gap Figure
3
5
Lessons From History
6
Illustrative Strategic Operational Concepts
  • Coherent war winning and peace-winning
    strategies.
  • Unity of effort.
  • Compelling and consistent strategic message.
  • Full spectrum planning.
  • Concurrency of operations.
  • Precision targeting of rejectionist elements.
  • Improved cultural intelligence.
  • Early, demonstrable success in reconstruction.
  • Early introduction of indigenous capabilities.
  • Lego-like Security and Reconstruction
    Capabilities.

7
Planning Scenarios Distribution of Size and
Likely Conditions for Scenarios
8
Planning Scenarios How Options Meet the
Strategic Space of Requirements
9
Organizing for Stabilization and Reconstruction
  • How We Do It Now
  • Forces are committed to Stabilization Ops only as
    Combat Operations subside.
  • Combat forces augmented with Civil Affairs,
    PSYOP, engineers, MPs must also plan and control
    post conflict operation.
  • Post Conflict Force integration occurs at
    execution mission.
  • A Transformational Proposal
  • Create two standing Joint SR Commands, one
    AC/one RC division equivalents.
  • SR JCOM plans, trains, exercises, develops
    doctrine and deploys to AOR.
  • Maximize jointness with Army lead.
  • Capable of operating in hostile environment.
  • Capable of operating under a Joint Command or as
    a separate JTF.
  • Modular, scalable, tailorable for mission,
    embedded interagency.
  • Provide link to NGOs, contractors to hand off to
    civilian leadership for nation-building.

10
Organizing for Stabilization andReconstruction
Operations(SR Joint Command Alternative 2)
XX
SR JCOM
Civil-Military Action Cell (C-MAC)
HQ Special Staff
WMD SSE TM
X
X
X
X
X
II
X
Joint SR GRP
Joint SR GRP
Joint SR GRP
Joint SR GRP
AREA
TRNG
TCF
SUPP GP
SEC ASST
II
II
II
II
II
II
II
AREA
CS AVN
MP
MP
MP
MP
STYKR
SUPP BN
II
II
II
II
II
COMM
CA
CA
CA
CA
II
II
(Digital Bridge)
ARTY
TRANS
II
II
II
II
II
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
I
ISR
II
Mortuary
ATK
II
II
II
II
II
I
HELO
MED
MED
MED
MED
MED
Chem/Bio
TRUCK
II
II
II
II
II
II
II
DS BN
PSYOPS
PSYOPS
PSYOPS
PSYOPS
SF
EOD
(OPCON)
11
Availability of Forces(Proposed vs. On-Hand)
Proposed SR Org Army On-Hand
(above divisions)   AC/RC Bns
AC/RC Bns  Military Police
4/4 12/14  Civil Affairs
4/4 1/26  Const Engineers
4/4 7/33  Area Medical
4/4 4/6  Info Ops (PSYOPS)
4/4 6/8  Training/Sec. Assist.
1/1 0/0
12
Availability of Forces(Regional and Linguistics
Skills)
Army FAOs available by region are Latin America
189 Europe 195 South Asia 35 Eurasia
184 China 41 North Africa/Middle East
140 Northeast Asia 71 Southeast Asia
64 Sub-Saharan Africa - 83 Marine Corps.
Program is a smaller and far more recent version
of the Army program. Navy Air Force. Programs
are developmental.
13
Availability of Forces(Adjustments)
  • Rebalance AC/RC
  • Civil Affairs major shift from RC to AC
  • Other candidates MPs, Engineers, Medical, PSYOP
  • Change the AC/RC paradigm to include tailored
    service contracts
  • Re-Organized Existing Forces
  • Composite MP battalion law and order,
    investigation, resettlement
  • Intelligence ISR battalion w/cultural focus
  • Ordnance Multi-Service EOD battalion
  • More FAOs for Greater Middle East
  • New Capabilities
  • SR JCOM HQ and Joint SR Group HQ
  • Training Security Assistance Battalion
  • Establish a Civilian Ready Reserve in special
    skill sets

14
Adapting the Military Culture(Required skill
sets for SR)
  • Warfighting skills in case conflict escalates
  • Courage to take risks
  • Confidence to delegate authority need for trust
  • Confidence to do things that have never been done
    before
  • Increased decision-making skills
  • Adapt or adjust to new environments
  • Fairness and evenhandedness to all parties
  • Vision of politico-military environment
  • Interact with nonmilitary partners build
    consensus
  • Negotiations
  • Broad intellectual background (sociology, law,
    etc.)
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Understanding historical/cultural contexts

15
Technologies for SR Operations
  • Security
  • Civilian-military communications interoperability
  • Network counter-terrorist analysis tools
  • Biometrics
  • Non-lethal weapons
  • Infrastructure
  • Civil infrastructure simulations (reverse EBO)
  • Infrastructure equipment (water purification,
    electric power)
  • Human Relations
  • Mobile, real-time language translators
  • Elite leadership modeling

16
Linking the Interagency
  • Create new interagency structure to support SR
    mission.
  • Create NSC level National Interagency
    Coordination Group (NIACG) to assure early SR
    planning.
  • Encourage creation of CoCom Joint Interagency
    Coordinating Groups (J-10s) to interface with
    NSC.
  • Create new deployable civilian SR capability.
  • Establish C-MAC to embed interagency enhanced
    capabilities directly into new SR Force.

17
Harnessing the International Community
  • International participation can relieve the troop
    and financial burden of the U.S.
  • Three initiatives would
  • Identify niche capabilities among allies
    worldwide
  • Organize and train an international peacekeeping
    force
  • Press NATO allies to reorganize SR forces along
    the lines suggested for the U.S.

18
Harnessing the International Community
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