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Can NASA

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Space Shuttle Major Upgrades. Integrated Product Development utilizing ... Especially at NASA, 'given the importance of innovation, it's an effort worth making. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Can NASA


1
Can NASAs Integrated Product Teams
become Hot Groups ?
Randy Lovell United Space Alliance
2
Agenda
  • Evolution of Teams
  • Team Classification
  • Obstacles to Success
  • Solutions to the Obstacles
  • Conclusions

3
Evolution of Teams
  • B2 Stealth Bomber Project
  • The Early Years, Entirely Functional
    Organizations
  • B2 Stealth Bomber Project
  • Introduction of the IPT
  • Space Shuttle Modifications
  • Concurrent Engineering Team
  • Space Shuttle Major Upgrades
  • Integrated Product Development utilizing IPTs
  • Hot Group

4
Evolution of Teams
5
Classification of Teams
  • Lightweight
  • Functional
  • Junior Leaders
  • No empowerment
  • Heavyweight
  • Member diversity
  • Strong Leadership
  • Minimum Empowerment
  • Autonomous
  • Hand picked members
  • Very strong leadership
  • Large amount of empowerment

6
Functional Organization Classification
Lightweight Team
  • Hierarchy Organizational Management
  • One clear functional manager
  • Grouped by specialty
  • Inefficient

Engineering
7
Integrated Product Team Classification
Heavyweight Team
  • Improvement over no team
  • Saved time and reduced costs
  • Chaotic/Dysfunctional
  • Project Engineer conducted meetings and chased
    actions
  • Members had little or no authority
  • Little team training offered

Team Meetings
8
Concurrent Engineering Team Classification
Heavyweight Team
  • Pros
  • All stake holders are permanent members
  • Eliminated errors earlier in the life-cycle
  • Improved communication team building
  • Cons
  • No strong leader
  • Minimum amounts of empowerment
  • Ineffective and costly

9
Integrated Product Team Classification
Heavyweight
  • Pros
  • Full member empowerment
  • True team synergy
  • Increased attention to details
  • Cons
  • Management commitment to change
  • Continued lack of training
  • Communication between teams
  • Member dedication to one team
  • Team empowerment

10
Hot Group Classification Autonomous
  • Strong Group Leader
  • Little communication with upper management
  • Group members are owned by the group
  • Collocated dedicated to only one group (Kelly
    2001)
  • Team AND group empowerment

So Why Cant IPTs become Hot Groups?
11
Obstacles
  1. Teams start with an unclear purpose.
  2. Teams do not have committed management.
  3. Teams are too big.
  4. Teams have the wrong people.
  5. Team members have little or no empowerment.
  6. Team members have no team training.
  7. Teams have a lack of communication.
  8. Teams are too spread out.

12
Obstacles
Solutions
  1. Hot Groups start with crystal clear high goals
    and charter.
  2. Hot Groups have intense management commitment.
  3. Hot Groups have a maximum of 20 members.
  4. Hot Groups start with hand selected talented
    people.
  • Teams start with an unclear purpose.
  • Teams do not have committed management.
  • Teams are too big.
  • Teams have the wrong people.

13
Obstacles
Solutions
  1. Hot Groups management ensures empowerment.
  2. Hot Groups ensure their management, leaders and
    members are trained.
  3. Hot Groups management facilitates
    communication.
  4. Hot Groups are collocated.
  1. Team members have little or no empowerment.
  2. Team members have no team training.
  3. Teams have a lack of communication.
  4. Teams are too spread out.

14
Conclusions
  • NASA IPTs are currently successful.
  • Hot Groups are a viable option for NASA.
  • Senior management commitment required.
  • Hot Groups optimize costs and schedule.
  • Hot Groups overcome obstacles that keep teams
    from being highly innovative.

So Can or Should NASAs IPTs become Hot Groups?
15
YES they can! YES they should!
Especially at NASA, given the importance of
innovation, its an effort worth making.
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