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Urban Transportation Planning

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Goals, objectives, and performance measures form the basis of the measures of ... trip (e.g., auto, bus, or bicycle for individuals; truck, rail or intermodal for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Urban Transportation Planning


1
Urban Transportation Planning
2
Land Use - Transportation Cycle
3
Urban Transportation Planning
  • The world moves into the future as a result of
    decisions (or lack of decision), not as a result
    of plans.
  • All decisions involve the evaluation of
    alternative images of the future and the
    selection of the most highly valued of feasible
    alternatives.

4
Urban Transportation Planning contd
  • Evaluations and decisions are influenced by the
    degree of uncertainty associated with expected
    consequences.
  • The products of planning should be designed to
    increase the chance of making better decisions.

5
Urban Transportation Planning contd
  • The result of planning is some form of
    communication with decision makers

6
Urban Transportation Planning with
Decision-Oriented Approach (Meyer Miller, 2001)
  • Transportation planning must be seen as an
    integral part of a much wider process of decision
    making.
  • Too often in the past transport solutions have
    been seen as the only way to resolve transport
    problems …

7
Urban Transportation Planning with
Decision-Oriented Approach contd
  • Transport planning must be seen as part of the
    land-use planning and development process, which
    requires an integrated approach to analysis and a
    clear vision of the type of city and society in
    which we wish to live.

8
Transportation Planning is the process of
answering four basic questions
  • Where are we now ?
  • Trends and conditions relating to population,
  • Transportation system,
  • General state of the urban area.

9
  • Where do we want to go ?
  • Major issues,
  • Public outreach results,
  • Obstactles,
  • Opportunities.

10
  • What will guide us ?
  • Mission statements,
  • Goals,
  • Objectives,
  • Public input,
  • Performance measures.

11
  • How will we get there ?
  • Revenue estimation,
  • Project and program implementation,
  • Public/private partnerships,
  • Policy changes.

12
Urban Transportation Planning is the process of
  • Establishing a vision of what a community wants
    to be and how the transportation system fits into
    this vision.
  • Understanding the types of decisions that need to
    be made to achieve this vision.

13
Urban Transportation Planning is the process of
contd
  • Assessing opportunities and limitations of the
    future in relationship to goals and desired
    system performance measures.

14
Urban Transportation Planning is the process of
contd
  • Identifying the near- and long-term consequences
    to the community and to transportation system
    users of alternative choices designed to take
    advantage of these opportunities or respond to
    these limitations.

15
Urban Transportation Planning is the process of
contd
  • Relating alternative decisions to the goals,
    objectives, or system performance measures
    established for an urban area, agency, or firm.

16
  • Transportation planning is defined as a process.
  • Transportation planning should assess
    opportunities as well as limitations of the
    future.
  • Transportation planning should include a
    short-range and long-range perspective.

17
  • Goals, objectives, and performance measures form
    the basis of the measures of effectiveness
    used in evaluation.

18
  • Decision makers for urban transportation planning
    are the elected and appointed government
    officials who provide and maintain a
    transportation system that meets the mobility and
    accessibility needs of their constituents.

19
  • Multimodal transportation planning recognizes the
    fact that there is no single solution to the
    transportation problems facing a metropolitan
    area.

20
Five Main Factors that affected travel behavior
and travel patterns on transportation network are
  • Population characteristics,
  • Metropolitan economy,
  • Societal concerns and issues.
  • Transportation legislation/regulation,
  • Technology of planning.

21
Trip-Making Characteristics Meyer, 2001
  • The purpose of the trip (for individuals,
    this includes work, shop, social,
    etc.),
  • The time of day of the trip,
  • The origin of the trip
  • The destination of the trip
  • The mode(s) of travel used to make the trip
    (e.g., auto, bus, or bicycle for
    individuals truck, rail or intermodal for
    goods),
  • The route from origin to destination through
    the chosen modes network,
  • The frequency (i.e., number of trips per unit
    time) with which such trips are made.
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