The Effects of Parental Self Disclosure and Connection on Relationship Satisfaction, Social Initiative and Self Esteem. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Effects of Parental Self Disclosure and Connection on Relationship Satisfaction, Social Initiative and Self Esteem.

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Title: The Effects of Parental Self Disclosure and Connection on Relationship Satisfaction, Social Initiative and Self Esteem.


1
The Effects of Parental Self Disclosure and
Connection on Relationship Satisfaction, Social
Initiative and Self Esteem.
2
Introduction
  • As children approach adolescence they will face
    the difficult challenges of identity development
    and the formation of interpersonal relationships.
  • Success in meeting these challenges will depend
    in part on their self-esteem and social
    competencies.
  • Empirical evidence suggests that children with
    low self-esteem are more likely to struggle with
    depression, anxiety, academic performance,
    delinquency, and other problems which negatively
    impact interpersonal and identity development .
  • Similarly, deficits in social competencies in
    children have been related to illegal drug use,
    academic performance, depression, and other
    psychological and social problems.

3
Introduction II
  • As primary socializers of children, fathers and
    mothers are most influential in the formation of
    a childs identity and development of
    interpersonal relationship skills.
  • Within the parent-child relationship children
    have their first opportunities and experiences
    relative to their identity and social
    development.
  • Positive experiences within healthy and
    functional parent-child relationships prepare
    children for the eventual broadening of their
    interpersonal relationships and self concept
    development.

4
Parenting Factors Impacting Child Development
  • Connection. The childs sense of a positive,
    consistent, and stable interpersonal bond between
    himself and his parent that is based on the
    parents behaviors towards him. (social
    confidence)
  • Parental Self-Disclosure. Parents
    communications about themselves to their children
    that are not generally known and are not
    available to the children. (unknown)
  • Relationship Satisfaction. In this study it
    refers to the childs overall rating of how
    satisfied they are in their relationship with
    their parent. (social skills)

5
Child Outcome Measures
  • Self-Esteem. The childs global evaluative sense
    of self. This variable is often referred to as
    self-acceptance, self-worth, or self-image in the
    literature.
  • Social Initiative. The extend to which the child
    seeks out relationships or social interaction
    with other individuals including peers and
    adults.

6
Hypotheses
  • 1. Mothers would self-disclosing more than
    fathers.
  • 2. Mothers would self-disclose more to daughters
    while fathers would self-disclose more to their
    sons.
  • Parental self-disclosure and parental connection
    would have a positive and significant
    relationship.
  • Parental self-disclosure would have a positive
    effect on relationship satisfaction, child
    self-esteem, and child social initiative.
  • 5. Parental self-disclosure would have an
    indirect and positive effect on child
    self-esteem and child social initiative by way of
    relationship satisfaction.
  • 6. Parental connection would have a positive
    effect on relationship satisfaction, child
    self-esteem, and child social initiative.
  • 7. Parental connection would have an indirect
    and positive effect on child self-esteem and
    child social initiative by way of relationship
    satisfaction
  • 8. Parent-child relationship satisfaction would
    have a positive and direct effect on child
    self-esteem and social initiative.

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Demographics
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Conclusions
  • Mothers disclose more
  • Father disclosure is predictive
  • Absence of literature on parental-disclosure
  • Connection with father influences self-esteem and
    social initiative. Connection with mother only
    impacts self-esteem.
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