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Science and Technology Capacity for Addressing Global Change Climate Change Bringing Developing Coun


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Title: Science and Technology Capacity for Addressing Global Change Climate Change Bringing Developing Coun

Science and Technology Capacity for Addressing
Global Change/Climate ChangeBringing
Developing Countries Into the Equation
  • Sara E. Farley
  • International Science and Technology Strategist
  • Bled Forum Hotel Golf
  • March 2008 Lake Bled, Slovenia 

What I Observed
  • HUGE Challenges, HUGE Opportunities

The Big Disconnect
  • Development
  • Poverty increases vulnerability to global
  • Global Change
  • Global change can increase vulnerability to

The Big Disconnect
  • Yet development and global changehave been
    addressed, researched,and funded as unrelated
  • Business As Usual

Big Picture Context
  • Insufficient science, technology, and innovation
    (STI) capacity Most developing countries lack
    the capacity and the voice required to direct,
    perform, disseminate, and use much research.
  • A growing STI gap Differences in growth due to
    the distribution, use, adoption, adaptation, and
    generation of knowledge are widening.
  • STI a low priority for donors Donors provide
    relatively little support to STI for development
    than they do to other sectors.

Like the planet, development aid is vulnerable
  • Implementing Adaptation Strategies

  • To address the Big Disconnect and better
    integrate the approaches of the Development
    Research and Global Change Research communities
    we must
  • Understand our differences
  • Overcome our differences
  • Create a new paradigm for integration,
    cooperation, and resource maximization

  • Has the donor/policy community made progress
    toward rethinkingglobal change and development
    research to promote environmentally and socially
    sustainableeconomic growth?

Strides Toward a Better FutureA Challenge and
Solution Comparison
  • 5 Case Studies

Building Adaptation Capacity in Africa
Example 1
Challenges Business As Usual
Solution Climate Change Adaptation in
Africa Action-Research Programme (CCAA)
  • Little capacity for adaptation to global change
    in Africa.
  • No incorporation of climate change-related
    curricula into teaching at the tertiary level.
  • Weak linkages between
  • adaptation research communities in Africa and
    the internationalglobal change research
  • Donors IDRC, DFID
  • Funding CAD 65 million
  • Goal Assist poor people, institutions, and
    researchers vulnerable to climatechange to learn
    from actual cases of climate adaptation
  • Emphases
  • Develop tertiary curriculum
  • Equip research facilities
  • Create international network tomentor African
  • Establish processes to include NGOs and civil

Climate Proofing Development Projects
Example 2
Challenges Business As Usual
Solution ADAPTAssessment and Design for
Adaptation to Climate Change
  • 20-40 of Official DevelopmentAssistance
    subject to climate risk.
  • Only 2 of projects address this risk
  • Few tools available to help development
    specialists measureand respond to the climate
    risksentailed in a given project.
  • Donors World Bank
  • Goal Create a tool to assist project
    developers from donor agencies and recipient
    countries to assess the degree of climate risks
  • Emphases
  • Easy to use web-based tool
  • Identify risksboth positive andnegativethat
    might increase ordecrease as a result of
    projectedclimate change
  • Resource and partner identification to address
    identified risks

Bridging Poverty and the Environment
Example 3
Challenges Business As Usual
Solution Poverty and the Environment
  • Donors UNDP, UNEP, EC
  • Countries Global (9 African/Asianpilot
  • Goal Help developing countries buildcapacity
    to mainstream poverty-environ-ment linkages into
    national developmentplanning processes
  • Emphases
  • Integrate environmental issues
  • into PRSPs and MDG Strategies
  • Forum of Ministers on Pov-Env
  • Strengthen coordination betweendonors to
    scale-up results
  • Provide technical support
  • Environment and poverty largelydealt with as
    separate domains forresearch, funding, and
  • Too little research exists on the effects that
    environmental degradation and global change
    would have on poor people.
  • Environment and poverty reduction
  • poorly integrated in governance regimes.

Devising and Implementing Adaptation Strategies
Example 4
Challenges Business As Usual
Solution Implementation of Adaptation Measures
in Coastal Zones
  • The potential economic impact of climate change
    on Caribbean Community countries is
    estimatedbetween US1.4 and 9.0 billion for
    the impacts that couldoccur assuming no
    adaptation to climate change.
  • Realizing the benefits of an adaptation
    strategy requires resources for implementation.
  • Donors GEF, World Bank
  • Financing US 2.1 million
  • Countries Dominica, St. Lucia,St. Vincent,
  • Goal Assist countries in implementingadaptatio
    n planning and assessmentinto national strategy
  • Emphases
  • Detailed design of pilotadaptation measures to
    reducenegative impacts of climatechange on
    marine and terrestrialbiodiversity and land
  • Implement pilot investments

Promoting Integrated Innovation Initiatives
Example 5
Challenges Business As Usual
Solution Promoting Local Innovation
  • Donors Rockefeller Foundation, DGIS, WB,
    IFAD, CGIAR, NGOs, etc.
  • Countries Ethiopia, Uganda, Nepal, Ghana,
    Niger, Sudan, Cambodia, etc.
  • Goal Create a national learning network for
    the promotion of localinnovation in ecologically
    orientedagriculture and natural resource
  • Emphases
  • Stimulate local innovation
  • Create partnerships to disseminateinnovations
    that work
  • Operationalize cross-sectoral linkages
  • Few partnerships exist for government, NGOs,
    and civil society to collaborate in designing,
    implementing, and disseminating innovations for
    ecologically-oriented agriculture.
  • Little donor support for science,technology,
    and innovation goes to initiatives that blend
    indigenous knowledge with modernresearch?
    holistic approach missing.
  • Weak communication channelsbetween researchers
    and usersminimize uptake of innovation.

Crossing the Bridge Over Troubled Water
  • Make it useful Make climate information more
    relevant and usable
  • Identify vulnerability Develop and apply climate
    risk screening tools
  • Improve process Identify and use appropriate
    entry points for climate information
  • Just do it Shift emphasis to implementation, as
    opposed to developing new plans
  • Partnership is everything Encourage meaningful
    co-ordination and the sharing of good practices

We cannot solve our problems with the same
thinking we used when we created them.Albert
Development for Global Change
For more information, contactSara E.
FarleyInternational Science and Technology
  • For the 2007 UNCTAD study on Donor Support to
    Science, Technology and Innovation for
    Development in Least Developed Countries
  • http//