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Building a Basement

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Concrete blocks can be hollow or solid concrete depending on the ... When finishing this type of basement it is necessary to install outer wall studs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Building a Basement


1
Building a Basement
  • Luke Rhine
  • Reservoir High School
  • Advanced Design Applications

2
Footers
3
Concrete Block Basements
  • Most common type of basement
  • How it is made
  • Concrete blocks stacked on top of each other
  • Sealed with a concrete bonding material
  • Concrete blocks can be hollow or solid concrete
    depending on the application of the block

4
Concrete Block Basements
5
Benefits of Concrete Block Basements
  • Benefits
  • PRICE
  • Cheapest basement to construct
  • Lower bill for customer
  • Much less concrete is used versus poured concrete
    basements
  • TIME
  • It takes much less time to stack block walls than
    it does to pour them
  • Contractor saves time and energy
  • DIFFICULTY
  • Not as difficult to install concrete block
    basements versus poured concrete basements
  • Contractor spares expense when hiring crews

6
Drawbacks of Concrete Block Basements
  • Drawbacks
  • If the basement used hollow blocks the foundation
    can hold about 5 times less than solid poured
    basements
  • Water leaking is more common due to seams in
    construction
  • Must take waterproofing measures

7
Concrete Block Basements
8
Insulated Concrete Form
  • Fairly new to the market
  • May not be provided by some contractors
  • How it is made
  • Formed by fitting hollow foam pieces together to
    make basement walls
  • Concrete is poured into the foam forms to make
    them solid

9
Insulated Concrete Foam
10
Benefits of Insulated Concrete Foam
  • Benefits
  • Reduce energy costs due to entire foundation
    being insulated with thick foam on the inside and
    outside
  • Makes a more comfortable dry basement
  • Makes finishing a basement easier, no need to
    install stubs to frame walls

11
Drawbacks of Insulated Concrete Foam
  • Drawbacks
  • COST
  • Most expensive type of basement to construct
  • DIFFICULTY
  • Difficult to find a contractor who is
    knowledgeable about ICF basements
  • Some contractors have never heard of ICF
    basements

12
Insulated Concrete Foam
13
Poured Concrete Basements
  • Most common type of basement today
  • Is a happy medium between concrete block and ICF
  • How it is made
  • Made by installing temporary forms and pouring
    concrete between them

14
Poured Concrete Basements
15
Benefits of Poured Concrete
  • Benefits
  • Extremely strong
  • Can hold up to 5 times more weight than concrete
    block
  • PRICE
  • More expensive than concrete block and less
    expensive than ICF

16
Drawbacks of Poured Concrete
  • Drawbacks
  • Needs to be waterproofed
  • When finishing this type of basement it is
    necessary to install outer wall studs

17
Poured Concrete Basement
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