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INFO245: Introduction to Enterprise Resource Planning ERP Chapter 5: ERP Output

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... queries, standard reports, Intranet-based reports, data ... Advantage: Users can ask any question they want. Disadvantage: Depends on skill level of user ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INFO245: Introduction to Enterprise Resource Planning ERP Chapter 5: ERP Output


1
INFO245Introduction to Enterprise Resource
Planning (ERP)Chapter 5 ERP Output
2
Chapter Objectives
  • To compare and contrast the availabilty of
    information before and after ERP implementation
  • To discuss the various options for obtaining data
    from an ERP environment
  • Focus data warehouses

3
Quantum virtual data warehouse
  • Based on the case, what is a data warehouse?
  • Why did Quantum to implement a data warehouse in
    addition to implementing Oracles ERP system?
  • What are some of the benefits of the data
    warehouse?

4
Data Output - definition
  • The ability to generate reports in order
    facilitate decision making or to assist with
    other aspects of someones job.
  • Data output is not accessing a screen to
    update, for example, an order (this would be the
    continuation of the data input process)
  • Examples
  • Sales month to date vs. budget
  • Profit margin month to date vs. budget
  • Product hot seller report
  • Product non-mover report
  • Backorder over 30 days report
  • Customer non-payment over 30 day report.

5
ERP Output Capabilities
  • Before
  • Legacy systems
  • Data not integrated
  • Time consuming, manual process to assemble
    cross-functional data
  • Issues with accuracy and validity
  • Whos numbers are right?
  • After
  • Integrated data single version of the truth
  • Information overload? How to effectively provide
    data to managers that need it
  • Methods queries, standard reports,
    Intranet-based reports, data warehouses

6
ERP Data Output methods
  • Data output methods include
  • ERP standard reports
  • Database queries
  • Custom reports
  • Intranets / portals
  • Data warehouses

7
What is a report?
  • Its a program that retrieves data from a
    database, formats and presents it to a user
  • Can allow filtering, sorting, aggregation
  • displayed online
  • exported to excel or other software
  • Emailed as an attachment
  • printed

8
ERP Reporting and Query Capabilities
  • Standard ERP Reports
  • ERP systems generate many useful, customizable
    standard reports can control which users
    access which reports
  • Examples financials income statements and balance
    sheets
  • ERP Reports Dont always meet the users needs
    (or likes) highly ineffective for supporting ad
    hoc/decision oriented processes
  • EVERY organization is different in its decision
    support needs.
  • Can overload system / impact response time
  • Reports are generated from the Operational
    system
  • Query times long impact transaction response time

9
ERP Reporting and Query Capabilities
  • Database Queries
  • Permit ad hoc queries against the database ask
    any question you like
  • Can be executed within the ERP system -or- within
    the database
  • ERP ABAP
  • Database SQL
  • Advantage Users can ask any question they want
  • Disadvantage Depends on skill level of user
  • BIG issue user needs to be programmer.

10
Ways to Improve/Extend ERP Reporting
  • Customized Reports
  • Develop a set of static reports tailored to
    specific needs
  • Advantage decision makers get exactly what they
    want
  • Disadvantages needs change, decision makers
    change, Please senior managers
  • Intranets
  • Easy to access / use environment for casual users
  • Standard (or custom) reports spun-off for
    accessibility
  • Only partially addresses performance issues (run
    offline)
  • Easy to use..browser interface

11
Customized Reports
Source IDC and DMReview, 2003 compiled by Dan
Vesset of IDC in answer to question What would
you estimate is the approximate useful life of a
standard report or custom analytic application
before it requires its first modification or
enhancement as a result of changing information
needs driven by business?
  • Key industry statistic from IDC
  • 71 of reports must be modified or redone within
    6 months of creation

12
Data Warehouse Definition
  • A data warehouse is a type of information system
    developed to provide an organization with
    business intelligence to support management
    decision making.
  • Data and tools

13
Data Warehousing
  • Advantages
  • Availability of information optimized for
    retrieval
  • Easier development of new reports in real-time
  • Ad hoc access users do their own reporting
  • Costs
  • Data Warehouse server hardware
  • Data Warehouse software
  • Generating and maintaining the data

14
SAP offers its own data warehouse - BW
15
Data Warehouse tools
  • Data warehouse tools allow users (managers,
    executives) monitor their operations
  • Demo of a data warehouse tool

16
ERP Intranet Portals
  • What is a portal?
  • Browser based, customizable desktop access for
    ERP users
  • Extras news, joke of the day, calendar etc.
  • Access core ERP functions (just the ones the
    user needs)
  • Access data and reports based on needs.
  • Example sales person
  • ERP functions
  • Enter new order
  • Modify an order
  • Reports and data
  • Orders requiring attention
  • Sales month to date vs. quota
  • Back order status report
  • Operational AND DW
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