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CHAPTER FIVE: POLITICAL PARTIES

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CHAPTER FIVE: POLITICAL PARTIES. Section 1: Intro to Political Parties ... Alexander Hamilton. Alexander Hamilton. Thomas Jefferson. HISTORY OF TWO-PARTY SYSTEM ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CHAPTER FIVE: POLITICAL PARTIES


1
CHAPTER FIVE POLITICAL PARTIES
Section 1 Intro to Political Parties Section 2
The Two-Party System Section 3 History of the
Two-Party System Section 4 Minor
Parties Section 5 Organization of Political
Parties
2
POLITICAL PARTIES INTRO
What Are They?
1. a group of persons who seek to control
government through the winning of elections and
the holding of public office
3
POLITICAL PARTIES INTRO
What Are They?
2. a group of persons, joined together on the
basis of certain common principles, who seek to
control government in order to bring about the
adoption of certain public policies and
programs definition 2 does not describe the
two major American parties
4
POLITICAL PARTIES INTRO
What Do Parties Do?
1. Nominating Function 2. Informer-Stimulator
Function 3. "Seal of Approval" Function 4.
Governmental Function 5. Watchdog Function
5
CHAPTER FIVE POLITICAL PARTIES
Section 1 Intro to Political Parties Section 2
The Two-Party System Section 3 History of the
Two-Party System Section 4 Minor
Parties Section 5 Organization of Political
Parties
6
Frayer Model
Political Party
Definition
Characteristics
Non-Examples
Examples
7
THE TWO-PARTY SYSTEM
Why Do We Have a Two-Party System?
1. Historical Basis 2. Tradition 3. The
Electoral System 4. Ideological Consensus
8
THE TWO-PARTY SYSTEM
What about "multiparty" and "one-party" systems?
- multiparty system - one-party system
9
THE TWO-PARTY SYSTEM
What Kind of People Join Each Party?
- the two major parties are "broad-based"
however -- _____________ tend to vote Rep --
_____________ tend to vote Dem
10
CHAPTER FIVE POLITICAL PARTIES
Section 1 Intro to Political Parties Section 2
The Two-Party System Section 3 History of the
Two-Party System Section 4 Minor
Parties Section 5 Organization of Political
Parties
11
HISTORY OF TWO-PARTY SYSTEM
Early Beginnings
- Federalists - Anti-Federalists,
Democratic-Republicans, Democratic party
Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
Alexander Hamilton
12
HISTORY OF TWO-PARTY SYSTEM
Four Major Periods
1. Era of the Democrats (1800-1860) 2. Era of
the Republicans (1860-1932) 3. Return of the
Democrats (1932-1968) 4. Current Era
(1968-present)
13
CHAPTER FIVE POLITICAL PARTIES
Section 1 Intro to Political Parties Section 2
The Two-Party System Section 3 History of the
Two-Party System Section 4 Minor
Parties Section 5 Organization of Political
Parties
14
MINOR PARTIES
Four Types
1. Ideological parties 2. Single-issue
parties 3. Economic Protest parties 4. Splinter
parties
15
MINOR PARTIES
What is the role of minor parties?
- "Spoiler" in elections - critic and innovator
16
CHAPTER FIVE POLITICAL PARTIES
Section 1 Intro to Political Parties Section 2
The Two-Party System Section 3 History of the
Two-Party System Section 4 Minor
Parties Section 5 Organization of Political
Parties
17
ORGANIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES
How Organized?
- not neatly organized fragmented -
Leadership - nominating process contributes to
fragmentation
18
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19
ORGANIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES
Four Major Elements
1. The National Convention 2. National
Committee 3. National Chairperson 4.
Congressional Campaign Committees
20
ORGANIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES
State and Local Party Structure
- Parties at the State level - Parties at the
local level
21
ORGANIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES
Three Elements of Party Membership
1. The party organization 2. The party in the
electorate 3. The party in government
22
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23
ORGANIZATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES
Future of Political Parties
- influence declining since 1960s WHY?
24
CH.5 RECAP
1. T/F In the U.S., a political party is made up
of a group of people who work to get candidates
elected to political office. 2. What was the
main (historical) reason why the two-party system
developed in the U.S.? 3. Union members, African
Americans, and Catholics have historically tended
to support which party? 4. What are the barriers
to minor party electoral success? 5. Even though
they rarely win elections, how can minor parties
influence the electoral process?
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