A%20Brief%20History%20of%20Marine%20Biology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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A%20Brief%20History%20of%20Marine%20Biology

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Aristotle identified marine life just as a source of knowledge. ... 1st European to Antartica, Hawaii, New Zealand, & Tahiti. 1st to use chronometer. Old History... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A%20Brief%20History%20of%20Marine%20Biology


1
A Brief History of Marine Biology
2
Ancient History.
  • Pacific Island Nations studied ocean in order
    to navigate, fish, survive

3
Ancient History
4
Ancient History
  • Aristotle identified marine life just as a
    source of knowledge.
  • First to identify/ recognize use of gills in fish

5
Old History
6
Old History
  • James Cook

7
Old History
  • 1st European to Antartica, Hawaii, New Zealand,
    Tahiti
  • 1st to use chronometer

8
Old History
9
Old History
  • Charles Darwin-naturalist
  • 1831-36 HMS Beagle
  • Detailed observations
  • Captured plankton
  • Explained formation of atolls
  • Studied barnacles

10
Old History
11
Old History
  • Edward Forbes (1840s and 50s)
  • Dredged the sea floor
  • Discovered life varies by sea depth

12
Old History
  • HMS Challenger 1872-75
  • Tons of data
  • First real scientific measurement and study of
    the ocean
  • Set the standard

13
Modern History
  • Establishment of Marine Biology Labs
  • NOAA 1970
  • Mission for better protection of life and
    property from natural hazards...for a better
    understanding of the total environment...and
    for exploration and development leading to the
    intelligent use of our marine resources..
  • National Marine Sanctuaries Act

14
Future
  • Nemo Generation
  • Climate change
  • Sustainable resources

15
Tools that Marine Biologists Use
  • Your turn!
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