First International Conference on Assessing Quality in Higher Education, December 1113, 2006, Lahore - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – First International Conference on Assessing Quality in Higher Education, December 1113, 2006, Lahore PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 1e24e2-ZDc1Z


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

First International Conference on Assessing Quality in Higher Education, December 1113, 2006, Lahore


State University of New York, Oswego, NY, USA. Presentation Outline ... Establish entrepreneurial universities in emerging knowledge regions of Pakistan ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:25
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: hpow70


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: First International Conference on Assessing Quality in Higher Education, December 1113, 2006, Lahore

First International Conference on Assessing
Quality in Higher Education, December 11-13,
2006, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Can Entrepreneurial University Model Help
    Pakistan Leapfrog into the Knowledge Economy?
    Some Reflections
  • Sarfraz A. Mian
  • Professor, Strategic Management
  • State University of New York,
  • Oswego, NY, USA

Presentation Outline
  • The importance of innovation and entrepreneurship
    in the knowledge economy
  • The entrepreneurial university and its role in
    creating innovation regions
  • Pakistan A catch-up economy with a determination
    to take up the knowledge era challenges
  • The entrepreneurial university model A path
    toward the realization of an ambitious knowledge
    (ST) based economic development agenda

Why innovation and entrepreneurship ?
  • The following socio-economic context that started
    to surface with the advent of information
    revolution during the 1970s brought this
    realization to the fore
  • Growing prominence of entrepreneurial and small
    technology-oriented businesses
  • Emergence of a global competition
  • Increasing role of science technology -
    resulting in innovation-driven economy
  • Changes in economic development policies pursued
    by various successful regions of the world.

In the present day knowledge economy innovation
is the key to success
Challenges in developing innovation spaces
  • Linear model of innovation is no longer valid
  • Networking model requires extensive interactions
    with stakeholders
  • The catch-up case requires absorption,
    integration and entrepreneurial action
  • Mode 2 of capitalism or emergence of Triple-Helix
    (univ-ind-govt) partnership

Requires teamwork among key economic sectors
through social consensus and policy action
Changed Role of University
  • Universitys role is becoming increasingly
    important as the primary creator, organizer, and
    transferor of knowledge, beyond a mere indirect
    economic and social role.
  • In fact recognition on the part of
    neo-Schumpeterian economists the direct role of
    technology and its effective diffusion into the
    marketplace brought an entrepreneurially-oriented
    university to the center stage (Corona,
    Doutriaux, Mian 2006)
  • Evidence role of Stanford, MIT (US), Cambridge
    (UK), Chalmers (Sweden), ITESM (Mexico) and Sao
    Palo (Brazil)

Universities assume the role of the third
function by broadening their missions
Focusing on the Schumpeterian sense of
entrepreneurship that is to become an agent of
innovation and regional development, the paper
takes a systemic view of the concept of a modern
entrepreneurial university that will include
the following three items (Table)(a) The
university as an organization itself adopts an
entrepreneurial management style (b) The
members of university community (faculty,
students, staff members) act entrepreneurially(c
) The interaction of the university with its
outside environment (community/region) follows
entrepreneurial patterns
  • What Do I mean by an Entrepreneurial University?

Top North American Knowledge Regions (TIPs)
Selected cases are underlined
(Source Corona, Doutriaux, Mian 2006)
Areas of Strategic Focus
  • Innovation Process Enablers
  • Formal incubators
  • S T park
  • Risk capital
  • Champion entities
  • Anchor organizations
  • Tech transfer programs
  • Support services
  • Networking opportunities

Enabling Elements of Innovation, Entrepreneurship
Economic Growth (Source Building Knowledge
Regions in North America, Corona, Doutriaux,
Mian, 2006)
  • Key Regional Actors
  • Technology-based firms
  • Government programs and incentives
  • University and RD centers
  • The Regional Context
  • Entrepreneurial culture
  • Knowledge workforce
  • Quality of life
  • Lower cost of doing business
  • Traditional industrial base
  • Regional infrastructure

Elements of Regional Innovation Milieu and the
Development of an Innovation Space
Economic Transformation
Strategies for Developing Innovation Space
Innovation Entrepreneurship
Quality of Life Amenities
Knowledge Workforce
(Mian, 06)
US Cases Entrepreneurial University
? Strong presence ? Increasing presence ?
Virtual presence
US Cases Acquisition of Resource by Firms
? Almost all say it is available ?More than half
say it is available ? Half say it is present
Framework for Developing Innovation Spaces
  • Resource Dimension
  • talent in the form of trained manpower,
    technology in the form of intellectual property,
    funds in the form of risk capital
  • Institutional Networking Dimension
  • Partnerships among univ-ind-govt for
    interlinking the social/organizational processes
    through hybrid/bridging institutions, e.g. U-I
    linking mechanisms such as science parks,
    incubators, innovation/research centers.

Conceptual Framework of University Driven
New firm creation
Knowledge/Technology Transfer mechanisms
Supportive Private Sector
Enabling Government Policy
Tech Trans Office
Entrepreneurial University Training skills
development Knowledge creation
SME growth
Large Firm prob. solving
ST Park
Industry Liaison office
Faculty consulting
New products/services
Social Systems Networking
Source Mian, 2006)
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
Pakistan Knowledge Economy Development Variables
(Source World Bank Institute)
Higher Education Enrolment at Various Degree
Pakistan Degrees Awarded (2003-04)

1 Post Graduate Diploma
Concluding Remarks General
  • After worldwide recognition of the central
    importance of entrepreneurship in steering a
    nation toward innovation and economic
    development, there is a need to clearly define
    the role of higher education within the wider
    entrepreneurial context
  • Develop necessary national consensus and
    commitment to teamwork on the issue, among key
  • Establish a national foundation of
  • (such as Kauffman Foundation in the US)
  • Seek international partnerships and alliances
  • (e.g., GEM Pakistan study)
  • Establish entrepreneurial universities in
    emerging knowledge regions of Pakistan
  • Transform existing universities into
    entrepreneurial universities (at least one in a
    key region)
  • Create new technical universities on the
    entrepreneurial university model (at least one in
    a key region)
  • Build necessary RD infrastructure and develop
    U-I linkages around these universities
  • Ensure national commitment for continuity and
  • A commitment at the highest political level is

Concluding Remarks Specific
  • To build these competencies Pakistans major
    universities, including the newly planned ST
    universities, must transform themselves into
    leading entrepreneurial universities that will
    (Mian, 2003)
  • Provide state-of-the-art entrepreneurial
  • Expose students more intimately to the full
    range of entrepreneurial experience
  • Support the start-up and early success of new
    enterprises in the area
  • Help create an entrepreneurial culture through
    public awareness
  • In terms of the traditional and expanded roles of
    university community they will transform into
    activity structures with entrepreneurial actions
    and attitudes as laid out within the following
    university functions (Figure 1)
  • Teaching offering multidisciplinary
    programs, e.g. technology and business.
    Entrepreneurship education including virtual
    classes with on-campus and off-campus
  • Research with interdisciplinary and hybrid
    research centers with academic, industry and
    government researchers
  • Innovation support by establishing
    incubators/technology parks, providing
    entrepreneurship practicum integrated into the
    academic curriculum and internships.

Innovation Support
In the 21st century, the power of a successful
university will depend upon its ability to
create, manage, and utilize knowledge in a robust
(Mian, 2006)
(No Transcript)
Economic Development Continuum
(LUGER, 2006)