Introduction to Health Studies Health Promotion I - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Introduction to Health Studies Health Promotion I PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 1e0339-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Introduction to Health Studies Health Promotion I

Description:

The Medical Definition ... Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well ... Prerequisites for Health are peace, shelter, education, food, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:53
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 25
Provided by: dennisr3
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Introduction to Health Studies Health Promotion I


1
Introduction to Health Studies Health
Promotion I
  • Dennis Raphael
  • School of Health Policy and Management
  • York University, Toronto, Canada

2
Overview of Todays Presentation
  • Differing Concepts of Health Promotion
  • Canadian Contributions
  • The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion
  • Current Approaches to Health Promotion
  • Reflection The Role of Values
  • Class Exercise How Should We Reduce the
    Incidence of Heart Disease?

3
(No Transcript)
4
Defining Health The Medical Definition
  • The normal physical state, i.e., the state of
    being whole and free from physical and mental
    disease or pain, so that the parts of the body
    can carry on their proper function.

5
(No Transcript)
6
Defining Health The World Health Organization
  • Health is a state of complete physical, mental,
    and social well-being and not merely the absence
    of disease and infirmity.
  • Health is a positive concept emphasizing personal
    resources, as well as physical capacities.

7
Three Broad Concepts of Health
  • Medical (Traditional)
  • Behavioural (Lifestyle)
  • Socio-Environmental (Structural)
  • These approaches lead to different definitions of
    problems, different strategies, different target
    groups, and different people responsible for the
    activities of promoting health.

8
(No Transcript)
9
Concepts of Health Promotion Medical Approach I
(Traditional, Biomedical)
  • Health Concept is biomedical, absence of disease
    and/or disability
  • Leading Health Problems defined in terms of
    disease categories and physiological risk factors
    such as physiological deviation from the norm
    CVD, AIDS, diabetes, obesity, arthritis, mental
    disease, hypertension, etc.

10
Concepts of Health Promotion Medical Approach II
  • Principal Strategies surgical interventions,
    drug and other therapies, health care, medically
    managed health behaviour change (diet, exercise,
    patient education, patient compliance), screening
    for physiological and genetic risk factors
  • Target high risk individuals
  • General Approach Individualized
  • Actors physicians, nurses, allied health workers

11
(No Transcript)
12
Concepts of Health Promotion Behavioural
Approach I (Lifestyle, Public Health)
  • Health Concept is individualized, health as
    energy, functional ability, disease-preventing
    lifestyles
  • Leading Health Problems defined in terms of
    behavioural risk factors smoking, poor eating
    habits, lack of fitness, drug abuse, alcohol
    abuse, poor stress coping, lack of lifeskills,
    etc.

13
Concepts of Health Promotion Behavioural
Approach II
  • Principal Strategies health education, social
    marketing, advocacy for public policies
    supporting lifestyle choices (e.g. smoking bans,
    low fat meat production,
    bicycle paths, ad bans)
  • Target high risk groups, children and youth
  • General Approach individualized, elements of
    societal focus as related to public policy
  • Actors public health workers, illness-related
    advocacy groups (e.g., Cancer Society),
    governments
  •  

14
(No Transcript)
15
Concepts of Health Promotion Socio-Environmental
Approach I (Structural)
  • Health Concept is a positive state defined in
    connectedness to one's family/friends/community,
    being in control, ability to do things that
    are important or have meaning,
    community and societal structures supporting
    human development
  • Leading Health Problems defined in terms of
    psychosocial risk factors and socio-environmental
    risk conditions poverty, income gap, isolation,
    powerlessness, pollution, stressful environments,
    hazardous living and working conditions, etc.

16
Concepts of Health Promotion Socio-Environmental
Approach II (Structural)
  • Principal Strategies small group development,
    community development, coalition building,
    political action and advocacy, societal change
  • Target high risk societal conditions
  • General Approach structural, focussed on
    organization of communities and society,
    development of just political/economic policies
  • Actors citizens, social development and welfare
    organizations, political movements and parties

17
Canadian Contributions I
  • Lalonde Report - 1974
  • A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians
  • Health Field Concept
  • Human Biology
  • Lifestyle
  • Environment
  • Health Care

18
(No Transcript)
19
Canadian Contributions II
  • Epp Report - 1986
  • Achieving Health for All
  • Challenges Reducing inequities, increasing
    prevention, enhancing coping
  • Mechanisms self care, mutual aid, and healthy
  • environments.
  • Strategies public participation, strengthening
    services, coordinating healthy public policy

20
(No Transcript)
21
(No Transcript)
22
Canadian Contributions III
  • Healthy Cities Movement was developed in Toronto,
    and is now very strong in Europe
  • The Healthy Cities approach incorporates a broad
    definition of health, one that emphasizes
    prevention of community problems and the
    development of people.
  • Health encompasses all aspects of people's lives
    including housing, education, religion,
    employment , nutrition, leisure and recreation,
    health and medical care, good transportation, a
    clean and green environment, friendly people, and
    safe streets and parks that promote a Healthy
    City.

23
(No Transcript)
24
The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion World
Health Organization, 1986
  • Health is a positive concept emphasizing social
    and personal resources as well as physical
    capacities
  • Health Promotion is the process of enabling
    people to increase control over, and to improve
    their health
  • Prerequisites for Health are peace, shelter,
    education, food, income, stable ecosystem,
    sustainable resources, social justice and equity
  • Health Promotion Actions are building healthy
    public policy, creating supportive environments,
    strengthening community action, developing
    personal skills, reorienting health services
About PowerShow.com