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Title: Geoinformatics Mapping for Higher Education Institutions and Programs in the Philippines


1
Geoinformatics Mapping for Higher Education
Institutions and Programs in the Philippines
  • C.M. Pascual, P.M. Pasion and C.T. Ragual
  • Mariano Marcos State University, Philippines
  • cmpascual123_at_yahoo.com

2
Outline
  • Geoinformatics
  • Case Study
  • Mapping of HEIs and Programs
  • Rationale
  • Methodology
  • Development of DSS and Application
  • Highlights Recommendations

3
Outline
  • Other Initiatives
  • Nitrate Groundwater pollution
  • Parcellary mapping of Rice NCT/MAT Sites
  • Inventory of renewable energy systems
  • Networking

4
Geoinformatics
  • The combined use of
  • GIS,
  • GPS,
  • Remote Sensing, and
  • Internet.
  • coined as geoinformatics provides an
    innovative tool in developing decision support
    system, use in strategic planning, monitoring and
    evaluation of geo-referenced data and
    information.

5
Geoinformatics
  • Such emerging technology should be incorporated
    in the trilogy functions (academic, research and
    extension) of higher education institutions,
    among other functions of the other agencies and
    entities, local and abroad.
  • Sharing of expertise on such allied fields is
    recommended for collaborative research support
    systems and spread the advances of such
    technology.

6
What is GIS?
A computer-based tool for mapping and analyzing
things that exist and events that happen on
earth. GIS technology integrates common database
operations such as query and statistical analysis
with the unique visualization and geographic
analysis benefits offered by maps
GIS integration to model the real world
7
Geographically Reference Information
  • Data stored in a mathematically defined
    coordinate systems which can be reproduced and
    projected into another system.

Land use Zoning Transportation Well
location Surface water Soils
GIS integrates data in a common data model
8
GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS)
  • In the field of GIS, one cannot ignore the
    importance and use of GPS technology as a tool
    for data input and data reconnaissance. This is a
    relatively new and advance technology but with
    increasing applications in the field of GIS.

9
What we can see from satellite data?
http//www.eoc.nasda.go.jp/experience/rm_kiso/stud
y_satellitedata_e.html
10
Various Platforms on the Ground, in the Air, and
in Space
Platforms for remote sensors may be situated on
the ground, on an aircraft or balloon (or some
other platform within the Earth's atmosphere), or
on a spacecraft or satellite outside of the
Earth's atmosphere.
11
Internet Mapping
12
Vision The university shall be a major source of
industry ready graduates and market-oriented
technologies for agri-industrialization in the
context of sustainable development. Mission The
University shall contribute substantially to
better quality of life and ecological balance
through quality resident instruction,
productivity, client-oriented research and
extension programs and projects supported by
adequate manpower and educational resources and
information technology.
Saturnino M. Ocampo Jr. 5th President
13
ICT Initiatives
ICT will be our leading sector for economic
growth We expect ICT to be the key to finding
our proper niche in the global village in the
21st Century.
14
MMSU ICT GROUP
Pres. S.M. Ocampo Jr. inducted the MMSU ICT Group
at the Conference Room, 2nd Flr., Admin. Bldg.,
MMSU, Batac, Ilocos Norte, on July 20, 2001
15
MMSU Initiatives
  • A. Local Governance
  • SysNet Land Use Options and Devt in a
    Provincial Scale (1996-2000)
  • Educating Professionals on GIS for Networking
    (2001-Present) Training on Advances of
    Geoinformatics with AIT, Thailand-Dr. K. Honda
    and First Symposium on Geoinformatics (Feb, Nov,
    2004-present)
  • B. Research and Development
  • Spatial Analysis of Groundwater Contamination in
    Rainfed Areas (1994-2002)

16
MMSU Initiatives
  • B. Research and Development
  • GIS Mapping of Higher Education Institutions for
    Rationalization (June 2002-Aug 2004)
  • NCT-MAT GIS/GPS Mapping in Regions I, II and CAR
    (Aug-Nov 2003)
  • GIS/GPS Mapping of Renewable Energy Systems
    (2005-present)

17
Mapping of Higher Education Institutions and
Programs
  • A Case Study

A commissioned research funded by CHED
18
Rationale
  • The spatial distribution of HEIs, programs and
    facilities cannot be fully appreciated without
    visual representation of said data
  • Maps would enable planners and other stakeholders
    to relate such data to the geographic, physical
    characteristics, infrastructures, feeder
    population and education needs of the service
    area of the HEIs.

19
  • Expected Outputs/Deliverables
  • 1250,000 regional maps of Regions I and CAR
  • (electronic data file and five hard copies
    each)
  • 150,000 provincial maps (electronic file)
    such as Ilocos
  • Norte and Benguet (inclusive of their cities)
    provinces
  • showing
  • location and spatial distribution of HEIs,
    including
  • campuses
  • distribution/density of programs (SUCs only,
  • electronic file)
  • density and distribution of feeder schools and
  • populations,
  • relevant regional features and characteristics

20
  • The digital and/or printed maps showed the
    following
  • location and spatial distribution of HEIs
    (including SUCs campuses)
  • distribution/density of programs of public and
    private HEIs (SUCs programs as basis for
    querying electronic file)
  • density and distribution of feeder schools and
    populations (electronic file)
  • relevant regional features and characteristics
    (for digital file and printed regional map)

21
Methodology
  • This project (Phase 1) involved the following
    activities and strategies
  • developed well-structured questionnaires for
    field surveys, compilation and data generation of
    HEIs with its feeder schools and curricular
    offering, among other data elements and secondary
    data from LGUs, NEDA-RDCs in the study sites
    needed in characterization, mapping and
    profiling
  • developed computer-based MIS to compile
    geo-referenced (with latitude and longitude
    coordinates) database of HEIs and other
    socioeconomics and secondary data

22
Methodology
  • This project (Phase 1) involved the following
    activities and strategies
  • CHED-OPPRI gave each SCU involved the standard
    digitized base maps (Philippine
    Atlas-regional-provincial-municipal levels and
    other attributes) to be used in the
    regional/provincial analysis
  • interfaced of database MIS generated on GIS
    platform (using ArcView 3.x version, depending on
    the availability of funds) to generate thematic
    maps, tables and figures for any subsequent
    analysis

23
Methodology
  • This project (Phase 1) involved the following
    activities and strategies
  • GIS-based approach to characterize HEIs and
    subsequent analysis based on policy views,
    criteria (business rules) and development plans
    in the project site and national concerns on
    public higher education systems and
  • Produced thematic maps at different scales,
    attributes and queries with figures, chart and
    hot links of digital images of specific
    geo-referenced HEIs/schools in the project site,
    among other possible mapping queries indicated by
    CHED-OPPRI.

24
Figure 1. Conceptual framework of the mapping
methodology.
INPUT
PROCESS
OUTPUT
Phase I (6 months)
CHED HEI-MIS (Geo-referenced HEIs/schools data
elements, and secondary data using GPS,
digitized base maps)
ArcView
Spatial/geo-coded HEIs/Schools (Maps, Figures,
Charts)
GIS ANALYSIS
POLICY VIEWS, CRITERIA DEVELOPMENT PLANS AND
ISSUES/CONCERNS
Phase II (optional) Data and Information
Integration
WEB-BASED GIS SERVICES (Clients/Users)
25
HEI DSS
FILE MAINTENANCE
TRANSACTIONS
GIS APPLICATION QUERY
REPORT GENERATION
ABOUT THE PROJECT
EXIT
Regional
Enrolment/year
Access Relevance Thrust
Provincial Thrust
Project Proposal
Provincial
Licensure Exams
Regional Thrust
Project Site
Quality Thrust
Municipal
Enrolment Graduates
Municipal Thrust
Report
HEIs
HEI Profile
Popwerpoint Pres.
Efficiency Thrust
Feeder HS
Feeder HS Profile
Project Team
Prog. Offering
Licensure Results
Enrolment Graduates
HEI GEO-REFERENCED DATABASE
Fig. 2. Hierarchical structure of input and
output.
TABLE
NATIONAL/REGIONAL DEVT PLANS CRITERIA POLICY
CONCERNS
GIS QUERY
MAP
26
GIS Applications
  • Combined use of GIS and GPS as decision support
    systems (DSS)
  • Using CHED three major thrusts
  • Access and relevance -17 indicators
  • Quality 7 indicators
  • Efficiency 2 indicators

27
Splash Menu of MAP
28
MMSU-CHED MAP
29
MMSU-CHED MAP
30
Database Entry
31
Database Entry
32
MMSU-CHED MAP
33
MMSU-CHED MAP
34
MMSU-CHED MAP
35
MMSU-CHED MAP
36
MMSU-CHED MIS
37
Access and Relevance
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Quality Thrust
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Efficiency Thrust
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50
Highlights
  1. A user-friendly graphic user interface using the
    combined used of geographic information systems
    (GIS), database management systems and Visual
    Basic programming language was developed ---
    coined as a decision system support (DSS) tool
    that can be used for subsequently analyses based
    on the three major performance thrusts required
    by Office of Planning and Policy Research
    Information (OPPRI) of CHED

51
Highlights
  1. Thematic mapping of HEIs and FHSs showed that
    there is a likelihood that most HEIs and FHSs are
    concentrated in major towns and cities among
    provinces in Regions I and CAR. Thus theres a
    need for more strategic planning for identifying
    the best location of schools given physical,
    social, financial and environmental factors for a
    given area for future considerations among
    planners and concerned government and
    non-government entities

52
Highlights
  1. The combined use of GPS and GIS interface with
    graphic user programming language has proven to
    be a very valuable and indispensable ICT tools
    for gathering, organizing, easy retrieval and
    storing geo-referenced data for subsequent
    analyses

53
Recommendations
  1. To institutionalize such gathering of database
    among HEIs and other pertinent information for
    subsequent analysis and strategic planning,
    management information systems or services (MIS)
    offices among regional CHED HEMIS, SUCs should be
    strengthened and

54
Recommendations
  1. Promote the use of ICT on RDE, specifically on
    GIS for CHED to create centers of
    development/excellence on Geo-Informatics among
    selected SUCs

55
DSS Process Development
  • Presented to staff of MIS of CHED-OPPRI
  • Presented to the 2003 ESRI GIS User Conference
    held at Glorieta Center, Manila on Dec 2003
  • Presented to Pres. Colting of BSU on his surprise
    visit at MMSU-MIS Office on June 2003 and at the
    GIS Training at BSU on Dec 10-11, 2003
  • Presented to PhilRice, LSU, CLSU, DA-BAR staff on
    Feb 2003
  • Trained 6 PhilRice Staff on GIS/GPS and rice
    database interface in Dec 2003

56
DSS Process Development
  • Presented to the MMSU In-House Research Review on
    April 2004 and won as best research paper
  • Presented to the Regional RD Commodity Review on
    May 2004 and received the highest points rating
    from external evaluators (PCARRD, NEDA, other
    agencies)
  • Presented as poster during the AFITA/WCCA 2004 on
    Aug 9-12, 2004 at Bangkok, Thailand and
  • Accepted for oral presentation during the 9th
    National Statistic Conference on Oct 4-5, 2004 at
    EDSA Shangrila Hotel, Manila.

57
Buffering and Proximity Analysis
Overlapping of B.S. Agricultural Engineering
degree course at 50 km radius.
58
Other Case Studies
  • Philippines

59
SysNet Project (1997-2000)
MMSU
60
SysNet Project (1997-2000)
Hyperlinked spatially using maplink
GIS
General framework of the decision support
systems on (i) land evaluation (ii) scenario
construction, and (iii) land use optimization
with hyperlinked to MapLink for spatial analysis.
61
SysNet Project (1997-2000)
Fig. 1 Precise displays of geo-referenced
location on the (a) agroecological land units
and (b) cropping systems land allocation in the
province of Ilocos Norte using MapLink.
62
A Geographic Information Systems-Based Approach
in the Assessment of Ground-water NO3-N Dynamics
Under Intensive Cropping Systems in the
Philippines
  • C.M. Pascual
  • M.C.P. Baga D.P. Valencia
  • Mariano Marcos State University

63
Use of GIS and GPS
Groundwater features database and coordinates of
wells using GPS
Thematic maps, charts, and tables
GIS Analysis
Back
64
WHO MCL of 10 ppm
Fig. 8. Time series of NO3-N concentrations among
ten wells at Brgy. Magnuang, Batac, Ilocos Norte.
65
Fig. 10. Vulnerable risk zones of NO3-N on
groundwater at Brgy. Magnuang, Batac, Ilocos
Norte.
66
Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Rice NCT/MAT Sites
67
Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Rice NCT/MAT Sites
68
Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Rice NCT/MAT Sites
69
Other Geoinformatics Initiatives
  • By MMSU, Philippines

70
First Geoinformatics Symposium at MMSU
  • November 10-12, 2004

71
First Geoinformatics Symposium at MMSU
Attended by 75 professionals and 150 senior
students
72
Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Renewable Energy
Systems
73
Appendix A - Map Analysis Program-Geographic
Information Systems on Renewable Energy

Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Renewable Energy
Systems








Sample spatial display of LEAP being interface on
RE-MAP.
74
Appendix A - Map Analysis Program-Geographic
Information Systems on Renewable Energy


Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Renewable Energy
Systems







Sample spatial display of LEAP being interface on
RE-MAP.
75
Appendix A - Map Analysis Program-Geographic
Information Systems on Renewable Energy

Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Renewable Energy
Systems








Sample spatial display of LEAP being interface on
RE-MAP.
76
Appendix A - Map Analysis Program-Geographic
Information Systems on Renewable Energy

Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Renewable Energy
Systems








Sample spatial display of LEAP being interface on
RE-MAP.
77
Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Renewable Energy
Systems
Sample spatial display of NRES inventory of
RE-MAP.
78
Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Do-nou Technology with
IIC-Kyto University, Japan
79
Continuing Collaboration
  • Efforts to create a cadre of geoinformatics
    professionals, symposia and partnerships with
    local and international levels in the
    Philippines

80
Continuing Collaboration
  • Proposed MMSU Geoinformatics Center
  • An academe-industry counter-funding initiatives
    to disseminate geoinformatics tools with DA-BAR,
    DOST-PCASTRD-ASTI and others (other
    Geoinformatics Center worldwide such as AIT, UoS,
    ICA, etc.)

81
Mobile GIS/GPS Mapping of Do-nou Technology with
IIC-Kyoto University, Japan
82
UPIMAP2006 at Seoul, Korea on Oct 23-25, 2006
83
UPIMAP2006 at Seoul, Korea on Oct 23-25, 2006
84
UPIMAP2006 at Seoul, Korea on Oct 23-25, 2006
85
UPIMAP2006 at Seoul, Korea on Oct 23-25, 2006
86
Thanks!!!
APAN 2007
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