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Innovation and Technology Transfer

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The State Intellectual Property Office of P.R.China. November 2009, Geneva. 2. Overview ... Main priorities of science and technology innovation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Innovation and Technology Transfer


1
Innovation and Technology Transfer
  • LIU Jian
  • International Cooperation Department
  • The State Intellectual Property Office of
    P.R.China November 2009, Geneva

2
Overview
  • I. Chinas Innovation System and Its Development
  • Innovation Strategy and Building
    Innovation-oriented Country
  • Further Promoting Chinas National Innovation
    System
  • II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation
    and Technology Transfer
  • New Developments in Chinas IP System
  • Commercialization and Technology Transfer of
    Innovative
  • Achievements Far from Sufficiency
  • National IP Strategy for Innovation and
    Technology Transfer
  • Major Problems in Technology Transfer
  • III. Enhance Cooperation for Innovation and
    Technology Transfer

3
I. Chinas Innovation System and Its Development
  • New National Strategy and Building Innovation
    Country
  • The Outline of National Medium- and Long-term
    Science and
  • Technology Development
    Plan(2006-2020)
  • Promulgated in January 2006 in China
  • Initiated in July 2003
  • Its formulation work was headed by Premier Wen
    Jiabao
  • Over 20 ministries and departments and more than
    2000 experts involved in formulation of the
    Outline

4
I. Chinas Innovation System and Its
Development
  • Reasons for adoption of the innovation
    strategy
  • create an innovation-oriented country
  • maintain long-term and rapid economic growth
  • realize sustainable development
  • upgrade industrial structure and transform the
    mode of growth, from resource and labor-driven to
    innovation-driven economy
  • Improvement of competitiveness

5
I. Chinas Innovation System and Its Development
  • Main Goals
  • By 2020, China will be one of the
    innovation-oriented countries
  • RD investment is 2.5 of GDP
  • Contribution rate of science technology
    progress to economic growth will exceed 60 (900
    billion RMB)
  • Dependency ratio for foreign technologies will
    decrease to below 30
  • Annual number of granted domestic invention
    patents and SCI papers will rank among world top
    5

6
I. Chinas Innovation System and Its Development
  • Building independent innovative capacity
    includes three aspects
  • Capacity to make original innovation in the
    domain of basic research such as scientific
    discovery, and technological inventions
  • Capacity to integrate existing technology,
    emerging technology and inventions in order to
    create new products or business lines with market
    competitiveness
  • Capacity to absorb, digest and improve imported
    technologies, and to re-create IPR based on these
    technologies

7

I. Chinas Innovation System and Its Development
  • Main priorities of science and
    technology innovation
  • RD in fields of energy, water resources and
    environment protection
  • Improvement of peoples living and health
    standards is a major mission of science and
    technology innovation
  • Development and exploitation of the
    pre-competitive common technologies in order to
    upgrade industrial structure and provide
    technological support to SMEs
  • Reinforcing development and research of basic and
    pioneering technologies for sustainable
    development

8
Further Promoting Chinas National
Innovation System
  • Improve the legal framework
    favorable for innovation
  • Laws for Promoting Scientific Progress
    and Commercialization
  • Laws for Enterprise Innovation
  • Intellectual Property Laws

9
Further Promoting Chinas National Innovation
System
  • Incentive Policies for Innovation
  • To adopt favorable public financial policies and
    to increase RD input
  • To establish and improve risk capital and
    investment capital market
  • Science and Technology-oriented SMEs Innovation
    Found
  • Promotion of commercialization and technology
    transfer
  • To cultivate a favorable innovation culture
  • Others

10
National RD Expenditure (1995-2008)
SourceChina's science technology statistics
and China Statistic Year Books
11
National RD /GDP (1995-2008) ()
SourceChina's science technology statistics
and China Statistic Year Books
12
II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation
and Technology Transfer
  • New
    Developments in Chinas IP System
  • -filings for invention
    patent from 63,000 in 2001 to 289,838 in 2008,
  • an average annual growth
    of 24
  • -a total of 828,328 filings
    for invention, utility model and design in
  • 2008, up by 19
  • -PCT applications rank No.
    6 in 2008

13
New Developments in Chinas IP System
19
14
The Development of Chinas IPR System
15
New Developments in Chinas IP System
PCT received
16
New Developments in Chinas IP System
  • From 2001 to June 2009,
  • SIPO has all together
  • recruited 3,815 examiners for
  • substantive examination

17
II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation
and Technology Transfer
  • Not Sufficient Commercialization and
    Technology Transfer
  • Receiving a large number of patent
    applications, and the
  • number keeps increasing
  • Among all utilized patents in China, 91
    is self-utilized by the
  • right owners, while the ratio of
    transferred and licensed is only
  • below 10.
  • Easier to file, harder to
    commercialize and transfer

18
II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation
and Technology Transfer
  • National IP Strategy
  • China has implemented its national IP
    strategy, under which
  • diversified and comprehensive policy
    tools have been adopted
  • to promote innovation and effective
    utilization of innovative
  • achievements
  • Establishment of local patented technology
    exhibition and trade
  • center, encouragement of private
    capital investing in intermediary
  • business for technology trade, and
    stimulation of commercial banks
  • to provide IP mortgage loans.

19
II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation
and Technology Transfer
  • Major Problems in Technology
    Transfer
  • Imbalanced capacities and potentials of
    countries for
  • innovation
  • Complexity of technology transfer
  • No willing to transfer technology
  • Out of date technologies transferred

20
II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation
and Technology Transfer
  • Major Problems in Technology
    Transfer
  • Hard to access to information evaluation of
    technology
  • High cost for negotiations, signing and
    executing contract
  • IP abuse hindering technology transfer and
    innovation

21
III. Enhance Intl Cooperation, Promote
Innovation and Technology Transfer

  • Conclusion
  • Routine business for technology transfer
    for developing countries
  • not sufficient, and new methods needed
  • More technical assistance needed for
    developing countries, esp.LDCs
  • China will continue to reinforce
    cooperation with WIPO members in
  • IP, innovation and technology transfer
  • China will continue to work closely with
    WIPO in above areas

22
  • For more information, please get access to
  • www.sipo.gov.cn
  • Thank You
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