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The Cold War: 1946 - 1989

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BUT Berlin remained a focal point for the Cold War. What did Truman do ... The Berlin Wall. Too many Berliners in the Soviet section wanted to live in freedom. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Cold War: 1946 - 1989


1
The Cold War 1946 - 1989
  • East v. West
  • Communists v. Capitalists
  • Soviets v. America

2
What is a Cold War?
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ________________________.
  • Political tension
  • Economic conflict
  • Military tension
  • ____________ direct military action.

3
What caused the Cold War?
  • Churchill and Stalin hated one another.
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ________.
  • The Iron Curtain
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________.
  • Peenemunde / The Bomb
  • Weapons Race
  • Space Race

4
Personality Clashes
  • Churchill and Stalin only pretended friendship in
    front of the cameras in WWII.
  • __________________________________________________
    .
  • Everyone behaved.
  • __________________________________________________
    .
  • Allies became 2 against 1
  • FOR GOOD REASONS!

5
___________ Stalins Betrayal of the Allies
  • Remember the MARSHALL PLAN for rebuilding
    Germany?
  • __________________________________________________
    ______.
  • The Soviet Union made Eastern Europe into
    ____________________________________________.
  • _____________________________

6
_______________________ Winston Churchill
  • Enclosing the satellite nations.

7
What was Stalin doing that was so bad in Eastern
Europe?
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • __________________________
  • Stripping other countries economies to support
    the Soviet Union.
  • Slave labor made of Nazis and political
    prisoners.
  • ___________________________

8
What was Stalin doing in Eastern Europe?
  • Lack of _________________
  • Lack of _________________
  • No freedom of movement.
  • ________________________________________________
  • Stalin and the Soviets
  • Communism spreads

9
____________________ 1948
  • Clear Stalin wasnt going to reunify Germany.
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________
  • Berlin was in the Russian zone
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________

10
The Berlin Blockade 1948
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ___________________________.
  • Stalin closed the escape route in 1948.
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ____________________________

11
The Berlin Airlift
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________________________________.
  • 1949 ___________________________________________
    _
  • BUT Berlin remained a focal point for the Cold
    War.

12
What did Truman do about the Iron Curtain?
  • ________________________________
  • The Berlin Airlift
  • _____________________________________________
  • ________________

13
The Marshall Plan
  • ______________________________________________
  • To stop future ___________, to stop ____________
    rebuild the war-ruined countries of Europe.
  • ________________________
  • Get people jobs
  • Restore electricity, water, medical, roads,
    police / fire
  • _________________________

14
The Marshall Plan
  • Austria, Belgium, Denmark,France, Greece,
    Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
    Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey,
    England, Western Germany

15
Stalin and the the Marshall Plan
  • ________________________________________________.
  • __________________________________________________
    ____.
  • Wanted to keep punishing people.

16
The Berlin Wall
  • Too many Berliners in the Soviet section wanted
    to live in freedom.
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________________________.
  • 1960

17
_______________________ 1947
  • ________________________________________________
  • Any time there is a threat of Communism, the US
    had to stand up to it.
  • ________________________________________________
  • Not as damaged by WWII

18
The ____________________ and Containment
  • __________________________________________________
    _____________________________________
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________________________
  • Used to justify US involvement in Central America
    / South America 1960-1970s.
  • Europe and Africa

19
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • __________________________________________________
    ________________
  • Armed attack on one considered an attack on
    all.
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________.

20
Stalins Response?
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________________________
  • Eastern Europe was militarized so theyd be a
    buffer to protect Russian soil.
  • __________________________________________________
    ____________________________.
  • EXCEPT Yugoslavia

21
Dont Forget the role of technology in creating
the Cold War
  • Did Stalin know about the A-bomb?
  • Was he or wasnt he scared that NATO might drop
    the bomb on Russia?
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________________________________

22
________________________ Also a cause of the
Cold War
  • Peenemunde ______________________________________
    __________________________.
  • Jet engines
  • A-bomb
  • V1 and V2 guided missiles
  • Guided Rockets
  • Plasma weapons

23
Dividing up the scientists after WWII
  • The US took half and the Soviets took the other
    half.
  • __________________________________________________
    ____.
  • __________________________________________________
    ______.
  • Russian Sputnik program 1957.

24
Werner Von Braun Our German Scientist
  • Created our NASA program.
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __________

25
The Peenemunde scientists launched
  • Weapons Race
  • MAD
  • __________________________________________________
    __________
  • Space Race
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