What features do you think the newly independent Americans will want in their government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What features do you think the newly independent Americans will want in their government

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Plan for a loose union of states, with limited power for central government ... Today's Government. Three branches of government. Legislative- Makes the laws ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What features do you think the newly independent Americans will want in their government


1
What features do you think the newly independent
Americans will want in their government?
2
The Articles Of Confederation
  • Including the Northwest Ordinance

3
What are the new Americans thinking?
  • Thought Congress was only a wartime necessity.
  • United States was a Confederacy.
  • Did not want a powerful national government.

4
Articles of Confederation
  • Plan for a loose union of states, with limited
    power for central government
  • The Articles only created one branch of
    government
  • Congress could declare war, sign treaties, create
    armies

5
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6
Articles of Confederation
  • Weaknesses
  • Could not tax or regulate trade
  • How to pay back war debt?
  • One vote for each state, regardless of size or
    population
  • No executive branch to enforce laws or treaties

7
Other Weaknesses
  • No national court system
  • Amendments required unanimous approval 13/13
  • No power to force British to honor treaty and
    leave U.S.
  • British remain in posts around Great Lakes
    because U.S. does not compensate Loyalists

8
Todays Government
  • Three branches of government
  • Legislative- Makes the laws
  • Congress Senate and House of Representatives
  • Executive- Carries out the laws
  • Judicial- Interprets the laws

9
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10
Northwest Ordinance- Land Ordinance of 1785
  • Northwest ordinance seen as only success of
    Articles of Conf.
  • Needed to control lands north of Ohio river,
    which several states claim
  • Creates clear process to become a state

11
Northwest Ordinance- Land Ordinance of 1785
  • Denied slavery in the territory
  • Freedom of religion, property rights and trial by
    jury guaranteed
  • Provided for funding of public education in each
    township

12
(No Transcript)
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