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By: Grace Shin and

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Most women with premenstrual syndrome experience only a few of the problems. ... Trouble falling asleep. Joint or muscle pain. Headache. Acne. Trouble concentrating ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: By: Grace Shin and


1
PMS(Premenstrual syndrome)
  • By Grace Shin and
  • Stacey Johnson
  • lt3

2
What is PMS?
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) (also called PMT or
    Premenstrual Tension) is a collection of
    physical, psychological, and emotional symptoms
    related to a woman's menstrual cycle.
  • PMS symptoms occur in the week or two weeks
    before your period (menstruation or monthly
    bleeding).
  • The symptoms usually go away after your period
    starts.
  • PMS can affect menstruating women of any age
  • It is also different for each woman. PMS may be
    just a monthly bother or it may be so severe that
    it makes it hard to even get through the day.

3
Symptoms
  • PMS is a collection of symptoms. 150 separate
    symptoms have been identified.4 The exact
    symptoms and how severe they are vary from person
    to person and from month to month. Most women
    with premenstrual syndrome experience only a few
    of the problems.

4
The most common symptoms
  • Weight gain
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • irritability or anger
  • Appetite changes and food cravings
  • Trouble falling asleep
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Acne
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Social withdrawal
  • Body temperature increase

5
The causes of PMS
  • It is linked to the changing hormones during the
    menstrual cycle.
  • Some women may be affected more than others by
    changing hormone levels during the menstrual
    cycle.
  • Stress and emotional problems do not seem to
    cause PMS, but they may make it worse.
  • Diagnosis of PMS is usually based on your
    symptoms, when they occur, and how much they
    affect your life.

6
How common is PMS?
  • Estimates of the percentage of women affected by
    PMS vary widely.
  • According to the American College of
    Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), at least
    85 percent of menstruating women have at least
    one PMS symptom as part of their monthly cycle.
  • Most of these women have symptoms that are fairly
    mild and do not need treatment.
  • Some women (about three to 80 of menstruating
    women) have a more severe form of PMS, called
    Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD).

7
How common is PMS? Cont
  • PMS occurs more often in women who are between
    their late 20s and early 40s
  • have at least one child
  • have a family history of depression
  • have a past medical history of either depression
    or a mood disorder

8
What is Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)?
  • There is evidence that a brain chemical plays a
    role in a severe form of PMS, called Premenstrual
    Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD). feelings of sadness or
    despair, or possibly suicidal thoughts
  • feelings of tension or anxiety
  • panic attacks
  • mood swings, crying
  • lasting irritability or anger that affects other
    people
  • disinterest in daily activities and relationships
  • trouble thinking or focusing
  • food cravings or binge eating
  • feeling out of control
  • physical symptoms, such as bloating, breast
    tenderness, headaches, and joint or muscle pain
  • You must have five or more of these symptoms to
    be diagnosed with PMDD. Symptoms occur during the
    week before your period and go away after
    bleeding starts.

9
What is the treatment for PMS?
  • Many things have been tried to ease the symptoms
    of PMS.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat healthy foods, including fruits, vegetables,
    and whole grains.
  • Avoid salt, sugary foods, caffeine, and alcohol,
    especially when you are having PMS symptoms.
  • Get enough sleep. Try to get 8 hours of sleep
    each night.
  • Find healthy ways to cope with stress. Talk to
    your friends, exercise, or write in a journal.
  • Dont smoke.
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers

10
Video Clip
11
Hello PMS Hotline?
12
Its not PMS. Im just a bitch.
13
Thank You
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