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Land Transport Options Between Europe and Asia

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Land Transport Options Between Europe and Asia. WORLDNET ... Eurasian trucking is not yet mass marketed to shippers and there is a need to develop capacity ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Land Transport Options Between Europe and Asia


1
Land Transport Options Between Europe and Asia
  • WORLDNET Beijing Workshop, 8 May 2008

Dr Arman Farahmand-Razavi, Associate Director,
Ramboll Whitbybird, London
2
Acknowledgements
  • Study of Land Transport Options Between Europe
    and Asia
  • Commissioned by US Chamber of Commerce
  • Carried out by Søren Jakobsen, Ramboll Denmark in
    2006

3
Study outline
  • Feasibility of land transport, and particularly
    trucking, between Asia and Europe
  • Comparison of cost of transport and door to door
    transit time for 20 and 40 containers
  • Based on freight rate quotations from transport
    operators and freight forwarders

4
World Container Flow 2005 (million full load
containers)
5
Modal Split Transport of Full Load Containers
between China and Europe (million full load TEUs)
6
Growing imbalances- in millions of TEUs and as
- share of total full load containers
7
A Route from China to Western Europe
8
Study methods and assumptions
  • Method
  • Quotes obtained from transport operators and
    freight forwarders
  • Full door to door transportation cost of 20 and
    40 containers
  • Expected transit times
  • Included 100km of trucking at both origin and
    destination
  • Assumptions
  • Freight rates for single container large
    customers command reduced rate
  • Insurance and other liability costs not included
  • Surveillance and guarding costs included
  • Transit times are indicated by operators and
    forwarders
  • Snapshot subject to seasonality and capacity
  • Small sample size

9
Typical transport costs and transit times for
transport between China and Western Europe
10
Maritime transport
11
Road transport - Trucking
12
From China (Shanghai) to Western Europe (Hamburg)
a distance of 11,000 km for a 40 container
(FEU)
13
Rail
14
Rail
15
Air
16
Transit-times and cost of transporting a 40
container between China (Shanghai) and Western
Europe
17
Shanghai to Berlin 2006
18
Conclusions
  • Sea transport is characterised by economies of
    scale and mature market
  • most inexpensive if measured by cost alone
  • Eurasian trucking is not yet mass marketed to
    shippers and there is a need to develop capacity
  • cost 3-4 times higher than sea transport
  • Land transport quotes have a higher uncertainty
    and deviation between lowest and highest rates.
    Transit times also varies
  • It is not clear if existing trucking
    infrastructure can provide required framework for
    a build up of volumes
  • Regulatory perspective for long term include
  • Wage and labour conditions
  • Truck standards
  • State subsidies for fuel
  • Shippers increasingly using co-modality?

19
Land Transport Options Between Europe and Asia
  • WORLDNET Beijing Workshop, 8 May 2008

Dr Arman Farahmand-Razavi, Associate Director,
Ramboll Whitbybird, London
20
Transport Costs and Transit Times Road
21
Transport Costs and Transit Times Sea
22
Transport Costs and Transit Times Rail
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