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Shaking the Money Tree at NSF

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Title: Shaking the Money Tree at NSF


1
Shaking the Money Tree at NSF
  • Cerry M. Klein
  • Program Director
  • cklein_at_nsf.gov

2
Preview
  • Intro to NSF
  • Intro to Engr and CMMI
  • New at NSF for 2009
  • NSF Statistics
  • NSF and the Stimulus Bill

3
  • The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an
    independent federal agency created by Congress
    in 1950
  • The Charge was and is "to promote the progress
  • of science to advance the national health,
  • prosperity, and welfare to secure
  • the national defense…
  • Has an annual budget of approximately 6
    billion
  • NSF is the funding source for approximately 20
    percent of all federally supported basic
    research conducted by America's colleges and
    universities
  • In many fields such as mathematics, computer
    science and the social sciences, NSF is the
    major source of federal backing


4
NSF Budget 2002-2008 (Dollars in Millions)
Engineering Directorate FY 2008 budget 660
Million (10.4 of NSF budget) Decrease of almost
3 from 2007
5
(No Transcript)
6
NSF Budget by Research Directorate Dollars in
Millions
Estimate included a 10 anticipated cut Looks
now like a 10-12 increase
7
Directorate for Engineering FY 2009
8
Engineering FY 2009 Budget Request Dollars in
Millions
9
Civil, Mechanical, Manufacturing, Innovation CMMI
10
Budget in CMMI
  • CMMI has 20 programs plus set asides for nano,
    cyberinfrastructure, and others
  • Some programs are bigger than others
  • Budget based on quality of proposals, number of
    submissions, relevance
  • Bottom line most programs are in the range of
    4-6 million
  • True for virtually all divisions in Engineering

11
National Priorities NSF
Administration RD Priorities
NSF Investment Areas
ENG Themes
12
ENG Mission and Vision
  • Mission To enable the engineering and
    scientific communities to advance the frontiers
    of engineering research, innovation and
    education, in service to society and the nation.
  • Vision ENG will be the global leader in
    advancing the frontiers of fundamental
    engineering research, stimulating innovation, and
    substantially strengthening engineering education.

13
ENG Research and Education Themes
  • Cognitive engineering Intersection of
    engineering and cognitive sciences
  • Competitive manufacturing and service enterprises
  • Complexity in engineered and natural systems
  • Energy, water, and the environment
  • Systems nanotechnology

14
Directorate for Engineering Trends
  • Engineering discovery and innovation are crucial
    for addressing increasingly complex challenges
    touching every sector of society
  • Health,
  • Quality of life,
  • Sustainability,
  • Energy
  • Security
  • Engineering makes important contributions to
    almost all disciplines
  • NSF Engineering discovery, innovation and
    education are critical elements of the national
    agenda (e.g., America COMPETES Act and the
    American Competitiveness Initiative).

Engineering contributes at all scales. Examples
are nanotechnology, computational simulation,
health, and alternative energy.
15
Cognitive Engineering
Directorate for Engineering Research Topics
  • Invests in improving understanding of the brain
    and nervous system to enable the engineering of
    novel systems and machines

Combining EEG with functional MRI data (left
image is EEG, right image shows both) enables
precise mapping of brain activity. He, 0411898.
  • Examples include
  • Devices that augment the senses
  • Intelligent machines that analyze and adapt

16
Directorate for Engineering Research Topics
Competitive Manufacturing and Service Enterprises
  • Enables research to catalyze multiscale
    manufacturing, from fundamental metrology through
    atomic-scale control of raw materials
  • Examples include
  • Developing quality-engineered nanomaterials in
    necessary quantities
  • Achieving perfect atomic- and molecular-scale
    manufacturing
  • Scale up production processes (yield)
  • Quality and Reliability Issues at the nano/micro
    scale

Nanoparticles compose a lightweight biocompatible
material for bone implants. Groza, 0523063.
17
Competitive Manufacturing and Service Enterprises
  • ENG enables research to model, analyze, and
    optimize large complex service systems based on
    fundamental properties
  • Examples include
  • Humanitarian logistics
  • Unexpected large scale system disruptions
  • Health Care Delivery
  • Understanding optimizing decision-making in
    service industries

The time needed for vaccine design, production,
and administration must all be balanced.
Directorate for Engineering
Credit James Gathany, courtesy of CDC.
18
Directorate for Engineering Research Topics
Complexity in Engineered and Natural Systems
  • Addresses unifying principles that enable
    modeling, prediction, and control of emergent
    behavior in complex systems
  • This research enhances our ability to understand
    natural systems, engineered systems, and
    interface of natural and engineered systems.

Combining maps (gray square) and density of
cell-phone usage (shown as red and yellow 3-D
peaks) can yield information about how a complex
system responds to unplanned events. Dahleh,
0735956 .
19
Energy, Water, and the Environment
Directorate for Engineering Research Topics
  • Supports breakthroughs essential to the provision
    of energy and water in an environmentally
    sustainable and secure manner.
  • Examples include
  • Increasing the use of alternative energy sources
    through research in materials
  • Developing quantitative understanding of
    energyenvironment interactions (including water)

Advanced water purification and desalinization
begins with understanding of how ions in water
interact with purification membranes. This
dynamic computer simulation shows sodium (pink)
and chlorine (green) ions inside a polyamide
membrane. Shannon, 0120978.
20
Systems Nanotechnology
Directorate for Engineering Research Topics
  • Supports fundamental research that leads to the
    development of active and complex nanosystems and
    their integration with biology, energy, and other
    fields
  • Examples include
  • Developing high-specificity sensors for national
    security
  • Developing tools to move into the 3rd dimension
    and into time resolutions of chemical reactions

Integrated circuits that are smaller and faster
are possible with microfluidics systems built
from or incorporating nanocomponents. Ferreira,
0328162.
21
CMMI Areas of Interest
  • Advanced manufacturing research leading to
    transformative advances in manufacturing and
    building technologies, with emphases on
    efficiency, economy, and sustainability
  • Mechanics and engineering materials research
    aimed at advances in the transformation and use
    of engineering materials efficiently,
    economically, and sustainably

22
CMMI Areas of Interest
  • Resilient and sustainable infrastructures
    research to advance fundamental knowledge and
    innovation for resilient and sustainable civil
    infrastructure and distributed infrastructure
    networks
  • Systems engineering and design research on the
    decision-making aspects of engineering, including
    design, control, systems, and optimization
  • Two submission deadlines each year Oct. 1 and
    Feb. 15

23
Civil, Mechanical, Manufacturing, Innovation CMMI
24
NSF Wide Programs
25
ENG Broadening Participation
  • Broadening Participation Research Initiation
    Grants in Engineering (BRIGE)
  • Research initiation grant funding opportunity
    intended to increase the diversity of researchers
    through research program support early in their
    careers, including under-represented groups,
    engineers at minority serving institutions, and
    persons with disabilities.
  • Up to 175,000 over two years.
  • Early career faculty (fewer than three years).
  • Less than 50,000 in federal funding
  • US citizen or permanent resident
  • Announced in September 2007 with submission date
    of second Friday of February.
  • NSF 07-58 at http//www.nsf.gov/pubs/2007/nsf07589
    /nsf07589.htm

26
Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with
Industry (GOALI)
  • Effectively promotes the transfer of knowledge
    between academe and industry, student education,
    and the exchange of culture
  • Supports
  • Faculty and students in industry ( 1 year)
  • Industry engineers/scientists in academe ( 1
    year)
  • Industry-university collaborative projects ( 3
    years)
  • 5M available for co-funding with all NSF
    Directorates
  • Proposals accepted anytime in accordance with
    program submission 70 awards each year

27
New for NSF
  • EAGER Grants Replaces SGER
  • No longer submit GOALIs to GOALI program
  • submit to program of interest instead
  • First word in title must be GOALI
  • All senior project personnel are restricted to
    two months of regular salary in any one year from
    all NSF funded grants

28
Early-Concept Grants for Exploratory Research
(EAGER)
  • Supports high-risk, exploratory, and potentially
    transformative research
  • Begins Jan. 1, 2009
  • Up to 300K over two years
  • May be submitted any time contact program
    officer prior to proposal submission

29
Grants for Rapid Response Research (RAPID)
  • Supports research of great urgency with regard to
    data, facilities, or equipment, such as research
    on disasters
  • Up to 200K over one year
  • May be submitted any time contact program
    officer prior to proposal submission

30
Crosscutting and NSF-wide Opportunities
  • Cyber-Enabled Discovery and Innovation (CDI)
  • Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)
  • Deep Underground Science and Engineering
    Laboratory (DUSEL S4)
  • Domestic Nuclear Detection Office/NSF Academic
    Research Initiative (ARI)
  • Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) Program
  • Pan-American Advanced Studies Institutes Program
    (PASI)
  • Partnerships for International Research and
    Education (PIRE)

31
Cyber-Enabled Discovery and Innovation (CDI)
  • CDI is a five-year initiative to create
    revolutionary science and engineering research
    outcomes made possible by innovations and
    advances in computational thinking
  • Seeks proposals within or across the following
    three thematic areas
  • Building Virtual Organizations
  • From Data to Knowledge
  • Understanding Complexity in
  • Natural, Built, and Social Systems
  • 26M investment in 2008 for up to 30 grants
  • Preliminary proposals due Dec. 8/9, 2008 full
    proposals due May 20, 2009

In ENG Maria Burka Eduardo Misawa
32
NSF Statistics
33
Single vs. Multiple Investigator ENG Awards
  • A majority of ENG awards are provided to
    multiple-investigator projects.
  • For the past decade, ENG is typically 10-15
    above the rest of NSF in such awards.

34
ENG and NSF Funding Rates Research Grants
ENG Proposals and Awards
Funding Rate Percent
Directorate for Engineering
35
ENG Funding Rates for Prior and New PIs
Number of Awards
36
Annual Award Size Averages for ENG Research Grants
Award size data annualized.
37
Average Award Duration in Years ENG Research
Grants in Comparison to NSF
Average Duration in Years
38
Transformative Research
  • Research driven by ideas that have the potential
    to radically change our understanding of an
    important existing scientific or engineering
    concept or leading to the creation of a new
    paradigm or field of science or engineering. Such
    research also is characterized by its challenge
    to current understanding or its pathway to new
    frontiers.

NSB Report, March 2007
39
Peer Review Process
  • Program director identifies reviewers
  • Reviewers perform 6-9 proposal reviews
  • Panelists come to NSF for 1-2 days to discuss and
    rank proposals
  • Program director recommends proposals for funding
  • Recommendation goes through the approval process
  • PIs are notified

40
Merit Review Criteria
  • Intellectual Merit
  • How important is the proposed activity to
    advancing knowledge and understanding within its
    own field or across different fields?
  • How well qualified is the proposer to conduct the
    project?
  • To what extent does the proposed activity suggest
    and explore creative and original concepts?
  • How well conceived and organized is the proposed
    activity?
  • Is there sufficient access to resources?
  • Is it transformative?

41
Merit Review Criteria
  • Broader Impacts
  • How well does the activity advance discovery
    while promoting teaching, training and learning?
  • How well does the proposed activity broaden the
    participation of underrepresented groups?
  • To what extent will it enhance the infrastructure
    for research and education?
  • Will the results be disseminated broadly?
  • What may be the benefits of the proposed activity
    to society?

42
A Few Proposal Hints
  • Be concise
  • Make sure proposal is well written and easy to
    follow consider using a grant writer
  • Write as much to non-expert as expert (balance)
  • Follow the rules!! Compliance is becoming a key
  • Dont use boilerplate for broader impact
  • Show research is transformative and exciting
    never incremental That is the death knell

43
Stimulus and NSF
What Happened
  • House Version
  • 3 billion for NSF
  • 10.9 billion NIH
  • 2 billion DOE Office of Science
  • 602 million NASA
  • 500 million NIST
  • Senate Version
  • 1.6 billion for NSF
  • 16.4 billion NIH
  • 330 million DOE Office of Science
  • 1.2 billion NASA
  • 575 million NIST
  • Final Version
  • 3 billion for NSF
  • 10 billion NIH
  • 2 billion DOE Office of Science
  • 1 billion NASA
  • 580 million NIST

44
Stimulus and NSF
  • Even if it is in the bill it does not mean it
    gets appropriated!
  • America Competes Act Double NSF money
  • We do not even have our base budget for FY2009

45
Stimulus and NSF
  • Best Case adds approximately 2 million to each
    program budget
  • Worst Case budgets stay flat
  • What may happen
  • Initiatives
  • Special Calls
  • NSF wide collaborations
  • Probable Case - 1.2 million to each of my
    programs

46
Stimulus and NSF
  • Bad News
  • 2 million is not much (5-6 proposals). 1.2
    million is 4 proposals at best. Could already
    spend that on proposals that normally do not get
    funded because of lack of money
  • Everyone knows - We had a 32 increase in
    submissions for Feb 15 which will result in a hit
    rate of still 10-12 if not less
  • Still must have submitted a very good and
    competitive proposal to be funded
  • This is only a one time shot

47
Stimulus and NSF
  • NOTE
  • Business as usual will not fund a bad proposal.
    If yours from October was declined it still is
    and will be
  • Will not give supplements to existing awards
  • Not sure how it will impact next year
  • A lot of misinformation is out there

48
Resources
  • Directorate for Engineering
  • http//www.nsf.gov/eng
  • Funding Opportunities http//www.nsf.gov/funding/
  • NSF Email Updates www.nsf.gov

49
http//www.nsf.gov Thank You!! Cerry
Klein cklein_at_nsf.gov 703-292-5365
50
Manufacturing Enterprise Systems
VISION
To transform manufacturing enterprises through
the development of fundamental knowledge and
science and by its application so that
manufacturing enterprises will continue to become
more global, information intensive, efficient,
reactive, and environmentally friendly
51
Program Objectives
  • Design, planning and control of manufacturing
    enterprises, from shop floors to associated
    procurement and distribution supply chains
  • Mathematically rigorous modeling and analysis
    tools
  • Computational approaches for large scale systems
  • Focus on fundamental research on modeling and
    analysis of complex engineered systems
  • Looking for impact across different venues

52
Importance of Fundamental Research
  • The demarcation between manufacturing and service
    will become less obvious integration will be
    necessary
  • New processes and materials will fundamentally
    change enterprise design and operations
  • Enterprise level competitiveness will be an
    essential element for the economic prosperity of
    our country
  • Many functions are moving back on shore
    (re-shoring) with a clean slate Opportunity to
    do it right

53
Future
  • Would like your help in determining manufacturing
    enterprises future directions
  • Input and information
  • Global perspective
  • Competitiveness
  • Impact

54
MES at NSF
  • Base budget of 4.7M/year
  • 100 proposals per year, plus dozens more from
    special solicitations, 13 funded
  • Steady state, with average grants of 320K, this
    is about 10 grants per year
  • Regular due dates February 15 and October 1
  • CAREER - July

55
Some Currently Funded Subjects
  • Supply Risk Management
  • Uncertainty in Process and Product Robustness
  • Statistical methods, quality control and
    model-based diagnosis
  • Consumer oriented Supply Chains
  • Transients of Production Systems
  • Nano process optimization

56
Some Currently Funded Subjects
  • Understanding and Controlling Variation
    Propagation
  • Sensor Information and Integration
  • Sustainable Manufacturing
  • Enterprise Design
  • Foundations of Bio-production
  • Cyber Enabled Manufacturing
  • Process Control Fundamentals

57
The Future?
  • Complex biological systems and bio-manufacturing
  • Nano-manufacturing systems and processes
  • Integrated nano-micro-macro production systems
  • Mass customization and its impact system wide
  • Multi-scale modeling approaches
  • Sensor integrated real-time control of
    enterprises
  • Human-in-the-loop decision systems
  • Sustainable enterprises
  • Critical infrastructure design, modeling and
    protection
  • Cyber-infrastructure for next generation
    manufacturing enterprises

58
Service Enterprise Engineering
VISION
To revolutionize the delivery of services through
the discovery of fundamental knowledge and
science and the use of innovative modeling and
analysis
59
Program Objectives
  • Foster research in the discovery of
    fundamental knowledge and on modeling and
    analysis issues arising in service systems
  • Build collaborations within NSF and in other
    agencies to incorporate realistic models of
    human behaviors and their impact on a system
  • Lead engineering academia to focus on
    unfamiliar sectors related to services such as
    health care, public policy, energy, logistics,
    security
  • Promote research in networks of hybrid systems
    involving service and other systems such as
    manufacturing, transportation, energy, and
    public works systems

60
Program Budget
SES at NSF
  • Base budget of 3.7M/year
  • 100 proposals per year, plus dozens more from
    special solicitations,10 funded
  • Steady state, with average grants of 320K, this
    is about 10 grants per year
  • Regular due dates February 15 and October 1
  • CAREER - July

61
Some Currently Funded Subjects
  • Failure Prediction and Maintenance for Service
    Systems
  • Workforce Management in Labor Intensive Service
    Operations
  • Emergency Services and Error Mitigation
  • Integrated Operations Planning and Enterprise
    Systems Models
  • Health Care Delivery
  • Revenue Management under Competition and
    Uncertainty

62
Some Currently Funded Subjects
  • Logistics in Service Enterprises
  • Service Quality
  • Cyber Enabled Service Enterprises
  • Financial Engineering and Revenue Management
  • Service Enterprise Supply Chains
  • Security as a Service
  • Resource Flexibility
  • Drug Safety Risk-Benefits
  • Optimized Medical Treatment Decisions

63
Future of Service?
  • What is service and what does a service system
    entail?
  • Is there a fundamental science of service?
  • What is the effect of the integration of
    service and production/manufacturing?
  • What are the metrics for a service system?
  • Are all systems a service system in some sense?

64
Future of Service
  • Service Objectives - not just cost
  • Security
  • Equity
  • Flexibility
  • Robustness
  • Service Design Scope
  • New areas of application and integration
  • Enhanced Models to include risk, uncertainty
    and user behavior
  • Repeated interactions with customers
  • Driver behavior
  • Patient choice

65
Looking For
  • Impact across different environments
  • Systems wide integration and application
  • Health Care
  • Help
  • Would like to have a discussion with the research
    community
  • Would like your input on setting direction and
    content

66
Manufacturing
Future Directions
Manufacturing
Enterprise Level
67
Other Ideas/Comments
68
Service Enterprise Engineering
Service and Manufacturing Alike
Different
69
Service Enterprise Engineering
Key Research Areas?
70
Other Ideas/Comments
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