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BASIC FIRST AID

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If you shake or shout at the victim, there will be no response. ... (doesn't respond to shouts or shakes) and not breathing (or breathing abnormally) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BASIC FIRST AID


1
BASIC FIRST AID
  • C.P.R.
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

2
INTRODUCTION
  • The information provided to you in the first aid
    series is meant to supplement your training and
    is to inform you of the injuries and emergencies
    that you may be faced with in a wilderness
    situation.
  • KEEP IN MIND SAFETY FIRST AND ALWAYS PLAN FOR THE
    WORST CASE SCENERIOS.

3
C.P.R.
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) consists of
    mouth-to-mouth respiration and chest compression.
    CPR allows oxygenated blood to circulate to vital
    organs such as the brain and heart. CPR can keep
    a person alive until more advanced procedures
    (such as defibrillation - an electric shock to
    the chest) can treat the cardiac arrest. CPR
    started by a bystander doubles the likelihood of
    survival for victims of cardiac arrest.

4
CPR
  • CPR AGE CATEGORIES
  • ADULT 8
  • CHILD 1-8
  • INFANT 0-1

5
ADULT CPR IN THREE SIMPLE STEPS (Please try to
attend a CPR training course)
  •  1. CALL Check the victim for unresponsiveness.
    If there is no response, Call 911 and return to
    the victim. In most locations the emergency
    dispatcher can assist you with CPR instructions. 

6
ADULT CPR IN THREE SIMPLE STEPS
  • 2. BLOW Tilt the head back and listen for
    breathing.  If not breathing normally, pinch nose
    and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you
    see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths.  Each breath
    should take 2 seconds. 

7
ADULT CPR IN THREE SIMPLE STEPS
  • 3. PUMP If the victim is still not breathing
    normally, coughing or moving, begin chest
    compressions.  Push down on the chest 11/2 to 2
    inches 15 times right between the nipples.  Pump
    at the rate of 100/minute, faster than once per
    second.  

8
ADULT CPR IN THREE SIMPLE STEPS
  • CONTINUE WITH 2 BREATHS AND 15 PUMPS UNTIL HELP
    ARRIVES NOTE This ratio is the same for
    one-person two-person CPR.  In two-person CPR
    the person pumping the chest stops while the
    other gives mouth-to-mouth breathing.

9
ADULT CPR
KING 5 TV
  • Thanks to KING 5 TV, (Seattle, Washington) for
    this video demonstration.

10
CHILD CPR
  • CPR for Children (Ages 1-8)
  • CPR for children is similar to performing Quick
    CPR for adults. There are, however, 4
    differences.
  • 1) If you are alone with the child give one
    minute of CPR before calling 911
  • 2) Use the heel of one hand for chest
    compressions
  • 3) Press the sternum down 1 to 1.5 inches
  • 4) Give 1 full breath followed by 5 chest
    compressions

11
INFANT CPR
  • CPR for Infants  (Age lt1)
  • Shout and Tap
  • Shout and gently tap the child on the shoulder.
    If there is no response, position the infant on
    his or her back

12
INFANT CPR
  • Open The Airway
  • Open the airway using a head tilt lifting of
    chin. Do not tilt the head too far back.
  • Give 2 Gentle Breaths
  • If the baby is NOT breathing give 2 small gentle
    breaths. Cover the baby's mouth and nose with
    your mouth. Each breath should be 1.5 to 2
    seconds long. You should see the baby's chest
    rise with each breath.

13
INFANT CPR
  • Give 5 Compressions
  • Give five gentle chest compressions at the rate
    of 100 per minute. Position your 3rd and 4th
    fingers in the center of the chest half an inch
    below the nipples. Press down only 1/2 to 1
    inches.
  • Repeat
  • Repeat with 1 breath and 5 compressions. After
    one minute of repeated cycles call 911 and
    continue giving breaths and compressions.

14
C. P. R. Terminology
  • Unresponsiveness
  • During cardiac arrest, the heart stops pumping
    blood, the blood pressure falls to zero and the
    pulse disappears. Within 10 seconds of cardiac
    arrest the person loses consciousness and becomes
    unresponsive. If you shake or shout at the
    victim, there will be no response.
  • Sometimes a person in cardiac arrest may make
    grunting, gasping or snoring type breathing
    sounds for a couple of minutes. Do not be
    confused by this abnormal type of breathing.
  • If a person is unresponsive (doesn't respond to
    shouts or shakes) and not breathing (or breathing
    abnormally) then call 911 and begin CPR.

15
C. P. R. Terminology
  • Abnormal Breathing
  • Remember a person in cardiac arrest may have
    abnormal breathing for a couple of minutes. This
    abnormal breathing is called "agonal respiration"
    and is the result of the brain's breathing center
    sending out signals even though circulation has
    ceased. The key point is that the abnormal
    breathing may sound like grunting, gasping or
    snoring. It disappears in 2-3 minutes. If you see
    this type of breathing DO NOT delay CPR. The
    person desperately needs air and only you can
    provide it.

16
C. P. R. Terminology
  • Pushing on the Chest
  • In general the chest should be pushed down 11/2-2
    inches. Sometimes you may hear a cracking sound.
    Do not be alarmed. The sound is caused by
    cartilage or ribs cracking. Even if this occurs
    the damage is not serious. The risk of delaying
    CPR or not doing CPR is far greater than the risk
    of a broken rib.

17
C. P. R.
  • The information in this presentation has been
    brought to you by Learn CPR is a free public
    service supported by the University of Washington
    School of Medicine. 

18
C. P. R. CLASSES
  • Please select from the links below for more
    information about CPR.
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