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Hanging Gardens of Babylon

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The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (from left to right, top to bottom) ... variant of Akkadian Babilu (bab-il ,or Bab-Eili, meaning 'Gateway of the god ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hanging Gardens of Babylon


1
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
2
Seven Wonders of the World
  • The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (from left
    to right, top to bottom) Great Pyramid of Giza,
    Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Temple of Artemis,
    Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Mausoleum of
    Maussollos, Colossus of Rhodes and the Lighthouse
    of Alexandria.

3
  • The Seven Wonders of the World (or the Seven
    Wonders of the Ancient World) is a widely-known
    list of seven remarkable constructions of
    classical antiquity. It was based on guide-books
    popular among Hellenic sight-seers and only
    includes works located around the Mediterranean
    rim. Later lists include those for the Medieval
    World and the Modern World.
  •  

4
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
 
5
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon (also known as
    Hanging Gardens of Semiramis) and the walls of
    Babylon (present-day Iraq) were considered one of
    the Seven Wonders of the World. They were both
    supposedly built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600
    BC.

6
  • Some circumstantial evidence gathered at the
    excavation of the palace at Babylon has accrued,
    but does not completely substantiate what look
    like fanciful descriptions. Through the ages, the
    location may have been confused with gardens that
    existed at Nineveh, since tablets from there
    clearly show gardens. Writings on these tablets
    describe the possible use of something similar to
    an Archimedes' screw as a process of raising the
    water to the required height.

7
Hanging Garden, Assyrian interpretation
  • A hanging garden, 21st century interpretation

8
Babylon
  • Babylon is the Greek variant of Akkadian Babilu
    (bab-ilû,or Bab-Eili, meaning "Gateway of the
    god(s)", translating Sumerian Kadingirra), an
    ancient city in Mesopotamia (modern Al Hillah,
    Iraq).

9
  • It was the "holy city" of Babylonia from around
    2300 BC, and the seat of the Neo-Babylonian
    Empire from 612 BC. In the Old Testament, the
    name appears as ??? (Babel), interpreted by
    Genesis 119 to mean "confusion", from the verb
    balal, "to confuse". Babylon is the Greek variant
    of Akkadian Babilu (bab-ilû,or Bab-Eili, meaning
    "Gateway of the god(s)", translating Sumerian
    Kadingirra), an ancient city in Mesopotamia
    (modern Al Hillah, Iraq). It was the "holy city"
    of Babylonia from around 2300 BC, and the seat of
    the Neo-Babylonian Empire from 612 BC. In the Old
    Testament, the name appears as ??? (Babel),
    interpreted by Genesis 119 to mean "confusion",
    from the verb balal, "to confuse".

10
US Marines in front of the rebuilt ruins of
Babylon (2003)
  • Historical knowledge of Babylon's topography is
    derived from classical writers, the inscriptions
    of Nebuchadnezzar, and several excavations,
    including those of the Deutsche
    Orientgesellschaft begun in 1899. The layout is
    that of the Babylon of Nebuchadnezzar the older
    Babylon destroyed by Sennacherib having left few,
    if any, traces behind.
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