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Title: WOMEN'S UN REPORT NETWORK - WUNRN


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WOMEN'S UN REPORT NETWORK - WUNRN   SOMALI
WOMEN - STORIES OF CONFLICT, ADVOCACY FOR
PEACE   United Nations Human Rights Council June
2, 2009 Geneva, Switzerland
2
(No Transcript)
3
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
SOMALIA - A FEMININE FACE OF WAR
Halima, a resident of Somalia's capital,
Mogadishu, is the distraught mother of a
22-year-old militiaman hit in the brain by a
bullet. Behind her, a wall in her home is ridden
with bullet holes from neighborhood fighting.
New York Times Article By JEFFREY
GETTLEMAN Published January 19, 2007 MOGADISHU,
Somalia, Jan. 18
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5

Somalia Has Not Ratified CEDAW
6

UN CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
SOMALIA SIGNATURE - 9 MAY 2002 BUT NOT
RATIFICATION OR ACCESSION
7
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
Somalia - Women Girls - Number of Displaced in
Somalia Hits 1 Million Mark UN Agency
Displaced Somalis in a makeshift camp 20 November
2007 The number of people displaced within
Somalia by recent violence has hit the 1 million
mark, a spokesperson for the United Nations
refugee agency said today, warning that
conditions are worsening as numbers swell.
Of this figure, 600,000 have fled the lawless
Somali capital, Mogadishu, Jennifer Pagonis of
the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
told journalists in Geneva. One third of those
left entire neighbourhoods in the volatile
capital empty over the past two weeks alone.
Mogadishu is also now home to an estimated
43,000 internally displaced people (IDPs), a
10,000 increase from a week ago, UNHCR said. At
the same time, estimates on the number of IDPs
living in increasingly desperate conditions in
more than 60 makeshift settlements along the
30-km stretch of road linking Mogadishu and the
nearby town of Afgooye have shot up to nearly
200,000 a 50-per cent increase in the past two
weeks alone, said Ms. Pagonis.
8
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
MAKING MOTHERHOOD SAFER IN SOMALIA
http//www.imcworldwide.org/content/article/detail
/795/   MAKING MOTHERHOOD SAFER IN SOMALIA Since
gaining independence in 1960, Somalia and its
people have suffered countless disasters, both
natural and political. The countrys first
president was assassinated just months into his
term Mohammed Siad Barre promptly took his
place, a commander in the Somali military and an
avowed socialist.
Women and children wait to receive 10kg of Unimix
at the supplementary feeding center in Rabdure,
Somalia.
Overnight, Barre transformed Somalias
post-colonial democracy into a brutal
dictatorship, purging the government rolls of
non-socialists and executing potential rivals.
Despite growing internal unrest, he continued to
rule until 1991, when a concerted group of Somali
clans forced him into exile. But, instead of
order, anarchy and famine followed. In recent
years, the quality of life for Somalis has
plummeted to global record lows. As drought and
famine continue to plague the country,
particularly the Lower Juba Valley, the average
life expectancy has dropped to 46 years. Even
more alarming is the effect this healthcare
crisis has had on Somalias mothers and children
240 children die per 1,000 live births and 1,600
women per 100,000 live births. In the United
States, those numbers are only 7 and 12
respectively.
9
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
UN Agencies Team Up to Help Somali Rape Victims
26 October 2007 Amid the chaos of fighting and
displacement in Somalia, United Nations agencies
are working to address the growing problem of
sexual violence in the country, which has not had
a functioning government since 1991 and where an
upsurge in violence has forced thousands to flee
their homes.
In Galkayo, host to an estimated 50,000
internally displaced persons hosts internally
displaced persons (IDPs), victims told personnel
from the United Nations High Commissioner for
Refugees (UNHCR) of atrocities they endured.
After years of war, rape has become a threat to
women in Somalia when they move along roads, due
to the presence of militia at illegal roadblocks.
They are also at risk in IDP settlements located
on the outskirts of towns such as Galkayo, which
are too isolated to be secure, the agency said
in a news release. It pointed out that in Somali
society, where rape is taboo, perpetrators are
rarely brought to justice. Cases are usually
dealt with through traditional means, with the
attacker having to pay compensation to the
victim's father or husband, but never to her.
10
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
SOMALI CRISIS - WOMEN GIRLS
AID AGENCIES URGE WORLD NOT TO FORGET SOMALI
CRISIS  26 Mar 2008 Source Reuters  NAIROBI,
March 26 (Reuters) - Forty aid agencies urged the
world on Wednesday to focus attention on Somalia's
"catastrophic" humanitarian crisis where hundreds
of thousands of people are suffering from war,
drought and food shortages. Their statement,
issued by Oxfam, said Somalia now had one million
internal refugees, their numbers swelled by an
exodus of 20,000 a month from Mogadishu, where
Islamist insurgents are fighting the
Ethiopian-backed government. Record high food
prices, hyper-inflation and drought across the
Horn of Africa nation were exacerbating the
situation and will worsen if seasonal rains due
from April fail as predicted. "The crisis
engulfing Somalia has deteriorated dramatically
while access to people in need continues to
decrease," the agencies said, citing attacks on
aid workers and looting of supplies.
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WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
SOMALIA - PHOTOS OF WOMEN GIRLS IN SOMALIA
CRISIS
New York Times - March 29, 2008
Jehad Nga for The New York Times Somalia Women
and children waited for food from the United
Nation's World Food Program.  Most of those
waiting to be fed in Mogadishu were women and
children.
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WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
THE FEMALE FACE STORY OF FAMINE STARVATION IN
SOMALIA
New York Times - May 17, 2008 Famine Looms as
Wars Rend Horn of Africa DAGAARI, Somalia The
global food crisis has arrived at Safia Alis
hut. She cannot afford rice or wheat or powdered
milk anymore. At the same time, a drought has
decimated her familys herd of goats, turning
their sole livelihood into a pile of bleached
bones and papery skin. The result is that Ms.
Safia, a 25-year-old mother of five, has not
eaten in a week. Her 1-year-old son is starving
too, an adorable, listless boy who doesnt even
respond to a pinch.
13
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
UN-INSTRAW - SOMALIA - ITALY SOMALIA DIASPORA
WOMEN FOR PEACE Somalia Project on the
Implementation of Resolution 1325
International Conference on Women, Peace and
Security in Somalia From September 2nd to 6th
2008 in Dar-esSalaam, Tanzania, UN-INSTRAW and
ADEP will co-organize a conference on Women,
Peace and Security in Somalia.
Since the collapse of Siad Barres regime in
1991, a highly chaotic armed conflict has plagued
Somalia, with the result that the civilian
population currently lives in a state of
humanitarian crisis that has made Somalia one of
the poorest countries in the world.
14
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
The Terror of Motherhood in Somaliland and
Womens Rights to Safe Care
Somaliland is an independent de facto republic
located in the Horn of Africa. The North East
African country remains unrecognized by any
country or international organization
A very distraught old woman came to Edna Adan
Maternity Hospital in Hargeisa, Somaliland,
appealing to us to help her transport to the
hospital a woman who had given birth five days
earlier and who still had the placenta inside
her. Those of us at the hospital are not sure how
this could be possible and we ask her again
whether she means five hours. She is sure about
the number of days, and quotes the day the woman
had
delivered which, indeed, was five days earlier.
She also tells us that the woman may not be alive
by the time we get to her. We prepared the
ambulance, put in our emergency obstetric kit and
set out towards the home at the opposite end of
town from our hospital. We come to a hut with
quite a few neighbors and onlookers standing
around. Before we get to the patient, we could
have been guided to the woman by the smell coming
from inside the hut. We find a woman who has bled
for several days, is very infected, febrile,
dehydrated, has no recordable blood pressure and
a weak, rapid pulse.
15
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
SOMALIA 13 - YEAR OLD GIRL STONED TO DEATH
-  UPDATED INFORMATION
BBC - 4 November 2008 http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/a
frica/7708169.stm A Young Woman Recently Stoned
to Death in Somalia First Pleaded for Her Life, a
Witness has told the BBC. "Don't kill me, don't
kill me," she said, according to the man who
wanted to remain anonymous. A few minutes later,
more than 50 men threw stones. Human rights
group Amnesty International says the victim was a
13-year-old girl who had been raped. Initial
reports had said she was a 23-year-old woman who
had confessed to adultery before a Sharia court.
Numerous eye-witnesses say she was forced into a
hole, buried up to her neck then pelted with
stones until she died in front of more than 1,000
people last week. Meanwhile, Islamists in the
capital, Mogadishu have carried out a public
flogging. Mogadishu is nominally under the
control of government forces and their Ethiopian
allies, who face frequent attacks by Islamist and
nationalist insurgents.
16
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
Somaliland - FGM/C - Estimate 90 of Girls -
Infibulation
Somaliland is an independent de facto republic
located in the Horn of Africa. The North East
African country remains unrecognized by any
country or international organization
HARGEISA, 3 November 2008 (IRIN) - Hawa is
determined her young daughter will not undergo
female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), which
is widespread in Somalia's self-declared republic
of Somaliland. An estimated 90 percent of girls
still undergo the procedure. "I have suffered
kidney problems, infections and miscarriages,"
said Hawa. "I dread the days when my period is
close because of the pain I go through it gets
to the point where the pain makes it impossible
to do anything. I dont want my daughter
subjected to this kind of life." "Gudnin
Fircooni", Pharaonic circumcision or
infibulation, as practised in Somaliland,
involves cutting off the external genitalia and
sewing up the vagina, leaving a small hole for
urine and menstrual blood.
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WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
Somalia - Routinely Targeted Attacks on
Civilians in Somalia
SOMALIA Amnesty Report "Scratches Surface of
Atrocities" NAIROBI, 7 May 2008 (IRIN) - The
Somali government denied claims by a rights group
that its forces and their Ethiopian allies were
committing atrocities against the civilian
population - even as a civil society source said
the report did not go far enough. Government
spokesman Abdi Haji Gobdon told IRIN on 7 May
that in a war situation "some people may get
caught in a crossfire but no civilian is
deliberately targeted", insisting that neither
the TFG forces nor their Ethiopian allies
committed atrocities.
Up to a million Somalis are internally displaced
and living rough in camps, according to aid
agencies
Gobdon said the report was "pure propaganda and
fabrication". He was reacting to a report issued
on 6 May by Amnesty International (AI), which has
accused all parties to the conflict of committing
war crimes against the civilian population.
"The people of Somalia are being killed, raped,
tortured looting is widespread and entire
neighbourhoods are being destroyed, Michelle
Kagari, Amnesty's Africa programme deputy
director, said in the report.
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WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
Somalia-Devastation Humanitarian Crisis HRW
Report-Women Children
Human Rights Watch   http//www.hrw.org/sites/defa
ult/files/reports/somalia1208web.pdf   "SO MUCH
TO FEAR" - WAR CRIMES THE DEVASTATION OF
SOMALIA   December 8, 2008 The 104-page report,
"So Much to Fear War Crimes and the Devastation
of Somalia," describes how the Somali
Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the
Ethiopian forces that intervened in Somalia to
support it and insurgent forces have committed
widespread and serious violations of the laws of
war. Frequent violations include indiscriminate
attacks, killings, rape, use of civilians as
human shields, and looting. Since early 2007, the
escalating conflict has claimed thousands of
civilian lives, displaced more than a million
people, and driven out most of the population of
Mogadishu, the capital. Increasing attacks on aid
workers in the past year have severely limited
relief operations and contributed to an emerging
humanitarian crisis.
19
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
Somalia - Attacks on Aid Workers Rights
Defenders Severe Women Children Survival Needs
SOMALIA CRISIS IMPACTS ON WOMEN
CHILDREN MILLIONS AT RISK IN SOMALIA AS ATTACKS
ON AID WORKERS ESCALATE 6 November 2008 An
escalation of attacks on aid workers and human
rights defenders in southern and central Somalia
is putting at least 3 million Somalis at even
greater risk of malnutrition and disease. Many
organizations have suspended programmes and
withdrawn staff.
20
 
UN INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN
RIGHTS IN SOMALIA
UNITED NATIONSPress Release Somalia UN
expert completes his second Field Visit The
Independent Expert on the Situation of Human
Rights in Somalia, Dr. Shamsul Bari, issued the
following statement on the last day of his Second
Field Visit to the Horn of Africa and the Middle
East.
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The UPR - UN Universal Periodic Review Report for
Somalia Will Be in the 11th Session - 2011
22
 
International Media Gives Extensive Coverage to
Somali Pirates, But What About the Human Rights
Issues of Somali Women Children?
23
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
Somalia-Malnutrition Emergency-Humanitarian
Crisis-Report Data-Gender
NAIROBI, 23 February 2009 (IRIN) - One in six
children in Somalia is acutely malnourished
because of high food prices and lack of access to
staple foods due to ongoing conflict, according
to an early warning report. The emergency is
driven by a combination of conflict,
hyperinflation and below-normal Deyr (October to
December 2008 rains), the Food Security Analysis
Unit for Somalia (FAO/FSAU) and the Famine Early
Warning Systems Network (FEWS Net) stated in a
joint report on 20 February.
A mother and her malnourished child A report
says one in six children in Somalia is acutely
malnourished because of high food prices and lack
of access to staple foods due to ongoing conflict
Lower and Middle Shabelle regions were the worst
affected, although the situation had also
deteriorated in central Somalia. FSAU and
partners conducted 17 nutrition assessments
between October and December 2008 and "from these
assessments, eight reported global acute
malnutrition GAM rates below the emergency
threshold of 15 percent, three reported rates
between 15 and 19.9 percent, with the remaining
six reporting rates below 20 percent".
24
 
WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
Somalia-Kenya - Refugee Tide of Misery Flees
Somalia - Women Children
SOMALI WOMEN CHILDREN REFUGEES IN OVERCROWDED
KENYA REFUGEE CAMPS - UNMET NEEDS, MANY RISKS,
UNCERTAIN FUTURES.
Somalis Flee to Kenya Camps - Tide of Misery -
Crisis Continues TONY KARUMBA/AFP/Getty Images By
Daniel Howden, Africa Correspondent 17 April
2009 As the world follows the escapades of
the Somali pirates, Somali civilians are fleeing
the anarchy on land, creating the world's biggest
refugee camp in Kenya. Newly arrived Somali
refugees gather at a registration centre at the
Dadaab Camp in Kenya.
The lucky ones come with their families, others
appear out of the thorn bushes, walking alone.
Five hundred Somalis are now arriving at this
bleak Kenyan outpost every day. They join a
population of 267,000 and counting, in a facility
built to shelter just 45,000. While the world has
been captivated by the high seas drama of
Somalia's pirates, this human tide has swollen
the ranks of Dadaab, turning it into the world's
largest refugee camp.
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WUNRN http//www.wunrn.com 
FGM POEM FROM SOMALIA
   By Abdi-Noor H. Mohamed Birth of a baby
must be a blessing event But mine was nothing
short of a curseDaddy's face didn't shine. Drums
didn't make noise No shots were fired. No
ceremony was held The new born was me. I am a
girl In my culture, gender counts most. A girl
is not as welcome as a baby boy Raising camel in
the rangeland is family's highest priority They
believe a girl has no hands for that Harsh
combat against the enemiesis family's highest
priority They believe a girl has no heart for
thatReconciliation in the aftermath of a clash
is family's highest priority
They believe a girl has no head for that At five
I had to face the worst A knife cut across my
genitals A midwife circumcised me Stitched me.
Infibulated me Where I used to have a clit I
have a black scar now Why inflict me with this
pain? This real Pain of primitive culturesIn
tears I am, at every stage of my life Mom and
Dad, I'm I not a daughter? Dear Brother, I'm I
not a sister? Dear mankind, wherever you are
I'm I not a human being? Tears, Tears, Tears
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