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Lord of the Flies

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Middle of a war, transport plane with English boys from Britain ... was amazed how civilized boys turned into nothing more than barbaric savages. They get saved ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lord of the Flies


1
Lord of the Flies In a Conch Shell
2
The Island
3
Chapter 1http//www.bookstove.com/Book-Talk/Lord-
of-the-Flies-A-Quick-Summary.335347
  • Middle of a war, transport plane with English
    boys from Britain shot down over Pacific Ocean
    (crashed in thick jungle on a deserted island)
  • Story starts with Ralph meeting a chubby boy
    named Piggy
  • Ralph and Piggy look around the beach for other
    boys (find a large cream coloured conch shell)
  • Piggy convinces Ralph to blow through the shell
    to find the other boys (other boys hear it and
    walk to the beach)
  • Oldest around 12 and youngest around 6
  • A choir led by Jack shows up, the boys decide to
    elect a leader
  • Ralph is elected chief but Jack opposes it
  • Ralph makes Jack and his choirboys hunters (to
    make Jack happy)
  • He then takes Simon and Jack to explore the
    island
  • They find a mountain and explore the land and
    they return to the beach

4
Chapter 2
  • Ralph returns tells everyone that the island has
    no adults, they have to learn to live together
  • Agreed on meetings whenever the conch is blown
  • Boy holding the conch shell will speak others
    will listen silently until they receive the shell
    in their turn
  • Jack agrees with this idea
  • Little kid says he saw a "beastie" on the island
    (creates fear and scares everyone)
  • Ralph tells group to build large signal fire on
    top of the mountain (any passing ships might see
    fire and know that someone is on the island)
  • Jack and his hunters are in charge of the signal
    fire
  • Piggy tries to reason with group about survival
    but all ignore him

5
Chapter 3
  • Jack follows/tries to kill a pig but fails
  • He returns and finds Ralph busy building huts
    with Simon
  • Ralph is annoyed that boys are unwilling to work
    on huts
  • Jack promises Ralph that they will have better
    luck with the pig next time
  • Ralph implies Jack and hunters are using their
    hunting duties as an excuse to avoid real work
  • Jack responds to Ralph's complains by saying the
    boys want meat
  • Jack and Ralph continue to bicker and grow
    increasingly hostile toward each other
  • Simon goes off by himself and finds a place where
    he can peacefully stay (in jungle)

6
Chapter 4
  • Little kids now called "Littluns"
  • They play all day long, at night have frightful
    experiences
  • Ralph is worried about this
  • Large amounts of fruit eaten causes them to be
    sick
  • Roger and Maurice torture little kids by
    destroying their sand castles
  • Jack is obsessed with killing pigs goes off with
    hunters to find pig
  • While gone, Piggy and Ralph spot a ship passing
    by
  • They find that while the boys were out hunting
    the fire on the mountain went out
  • Ship passes by without their rescue
  • Ralph is angry but the boys brought the pig back
    from the hunt and roasted it and gave it to
    everyone
  • Jack is now resenting Ralph and his leadership

7
Chapter 5
  • Ralph goes to the beach and calls meeting in
    order to bring the boys into line (go over rules)
  • Ralph tells them about their failure in duty and
    that they should do their duty
  • Ralph tries to tell the young boys that there is
    no beast
  • They should not be afraid but it failed
  • Beast hides at day and at night come out of the
    ocean to haunt the kids and that they are in
    danger
  • Jack says that if there is a beast then he and
    his hunters will hunt it down and kill it
  • Ralph tells Piggy and Simon that he might stop
    being leader but they tell Ralph that he needs to
    be leader or Jack might go on a rampage (only
    hunt)
  • Piggy tells Ralph that Jack hates him

8
Chapter 6
  • At night military planes fight in the air above
    the island
  • Boys were sleeping so they miss it and miss when
    a parachute lands with a dead person on the
    island
  • Samneric wake up, in the flickering firelight,
    they see the twisted form of the dead parachutist
  • Mistake the shadowy image for the figure of the
    dreaded beast
  • Rush back to the camp, wake Ralph, tell him what
    they have seen
  • Ralph calls for a meeting, at which the twins
    claims that a monster assaulted them
  • Look for the monster they go to the place where
    they have not explore before (tail-end of island)
    Castle Rock
  • Boys start to play around, pushing rocks in the
    water
  • Ralph gets angry with them
  • Go and light signal fire

9
Chapter 7
  • Boys eat, Ralph looks at the sea without hope,
    Simon reassures him they will get home safe
  • Boys go pig hunting
  • Ralph gets excited when he gets a shot at the
    boar's snout with his spear
  • Group frenzied with the hunt re-enacts the hunt
    with a boy named Robert as the pig
  • He is almost killed before the boys realize what
    they are doing
  • Ralph sends Simon back to Piggy to tell him that
    the group will be back after dark
  • Group climbs to the mountain and Jack goes to the
    summit while Ralph and Roger wait at the mountain
  • Jack tells Ralph that he saw the beast and Ralph
    also checks it out and sees a beast too, they go
    warn the group

10
Chapter 8
  • Next morning, they call a meeting
  • Jack tells everyone that there is really a beast
  • Jack tells everyone Ralph is a coward and a
    scared loser
  • Jack tries to vote Ralph out of power and be the
    new chief but no one cares to remove Ralph
  • Jack goes off with his own followers
  • Boys want the fire back so Piggy suggests
    building a fire on the beach and they build one
  • At night, many boys go off to join Jack
  • Piggy tells Ralph that it is good that the
    deserters left
  • Jack declares himself chief of his tribe and hunt
    a pig and impale its head on a stick
  • Jack invites Ralph and Piggy to his tribe for a
    feast (so that they can raid their camp for fire)
  • Simon sees the pig head on the stick and feels as
    if it is talking to him (he faints)

11
Chapter 9
  • Simon sees the dead body of the parachutist and
    he sees how the boys where mistaken about the
    beast
  • He takes the parachute to the feast by Jack
  • At the feast boys eat and have fun and Jack
    invites Ralph's followers to join his tribe
  • Many do even though Ralph tries to stop them
  • Ralph also tells them that in the storm, where
    will his tribe stay and Jack ignores him
  • As the boys are dancing and re-enacting the pig
    hunt, Simon comes to the party with the parachute
  • Boys did not see him but sees his shadow and
    thinks he is the beast and kills him
  • Wind blows the parachutist's body unto the beach
    and they run off scared

12
Chapter 10
  • Next day, Ralph is feeling guilty over the death
    of Simon while Piggy claims it as a small
    accident
  • Many of Ralph's followers join Jack's tribe and
    now Ralph and Piggy are almost alone
  • Jack made his base at Castle Rock and acts as the
    true ruler
  • He commands his tribe to be on the guard against
    the beast since it can assume anyone's shape
    (they believe Simon is the Beast) and it is not
    truly dead
  • He also tells Roger and Maurice to go to Ralph's
    camp and steal the fire
  • Jack's hunters steal the fire and Piggy's glasses
    and beats Ralph and his tribe

13
Chapter 11
  • Ralph's tribe tries to light the fire but fails
  • They go to Jack's tribe where they encounter Jack
    coming back from the hunt with a pig
  • Jack tells Ralph to leave but Ralph tries to
    reason with him but ends in failure
  • They fight
  • Jack orders the twins Sam and Eric to be tied up,
    leading Ralph into rage causing another fight
  • Piggy tried to reason with them but they
    continued fighting
  • Roger pushed a boulder at them and Ralph doges it
    but it breaks the couch and knocks Piggy off the
    mountain side into the rocks (he dies)
  • Ralph runs into the jungle as Jack and others in
    the tribe attack him
  • Sam and Eric are forced to join Jack and his tribe

14
Chapter 12
  • Ralph hides in the jungle and then goes back to
    Jack's camp
  • The twins, who were the guards, see Ralph and
    give him food
  • They tell him that Jack is going to send the
    whole tribe after him tomorrow
  • Ralph hides in a jungle thicket
  • Boys try to get through but the thicket was too
    dense, Jack sets it on fire
  • Ralph come out and fights his way past Jack and
    his hunters
  • He runs and at last collapses on the beach after
    frantically trying to find a hiding place
  • Ralph looks up and sees a Navy officer standing
    there
  • The officer tells him that he saw the smoke and
    came to check the island out
  • Jack and his boys arrive on the beach and Ralph
    tells the officer everything that has happened
  • Officer was amazed how civilized boys turned into
    nothing more than barbaric savages
  • They get saved

15
Ralph
  • Fair hair
  • Largest most physically powerful boy on island
  • About twelve years old
  • Character type Model boy
  • Motivation To be rescued
  • Actions Forms democracy lights the signal fire
  • Attributes Dreamer easygoing, but very
    responsible
  • Beginning Happy excited by adventure
  • End Hunted like an animal
  • Symbolizes law, government, and civil society.

16
Jack Merridew
  • Probably the same age as Ralph, maybe older
  • Thin and boney
  • Jack has red hair
  • Character type Ruthless leader
  • Motivation To hunt
  • Actions Splits boys into two groups hunts down
    Ralph
  • Attributes Hatred a natural leader
  • Beginning In charge of a boys' choir
  • End The chief of a band of savages
  • Symbolizes human love of dominance and power.

17
Piggy
  • Probably close in age to Jack and Ralph
  • Physique is quite different (shorter than Ralph,
    very fat, wears glasses, and has asthma which
    does not allow him to do any work)
  • Character type Thinker
  • Motivation To be rescued
  • Actions "Feeds" ideas to Ralph
  • Attributes Serious thoughtful
  • Beginning Apprehensive frightened
  • End Murdered
  • Symbolizes science and rationality.

18
Simon
  • Small, skinny, pointed chin, low broad forehead
  • Coarse mop of black hair long and swung down
  • Darkish in color
  • Character type Mystic
  • Motivation To know the truth
  • Actions Talks to Lord of the Flies solves
    mystery of the beast
  • Attributes Visionary brave
  • Beginning Fainting, choirboy
  • End Murdered
  • Symbolizes a Christ like figure (he knows the
    truth). Also with his fits and spiritual
    insights, he stands for the mystics, prophets,
    and priests of all religions who confront and
    reveal the darkest aspects of human nature.

19
Roger
  • Black hair, gloomy face
  • Quiet, brooding member of Jack's hunters
  • Quiet, intense boy who seems to hide himself from
    the other boys
  • Is cruel (throws rocks at Littluns, kicks down
    sand castles, kills a pig more viciously than
    necessary, kills piggy, tortures Samneric, and
    sharpens a stick with plans to stake Ralph's
    head)
  • Roger loves to cause pain
  • Symbolizes mankind's sadistic instincts the
    suppressed desire to hunt others

20
Sam and Eric
  • Identical twins do everything together
  • Resemble each other so closely that the other
    boys call them Samneric
  • Twins prove to be less influenced by fear of the
    beast or Jack than any other boys (except Ralph
    and Piggy)
  • Perhaps, because they are twins they are less
    lone than any of the other boys
  • Symbolize the idea of individualism.

21
Symbols
  • THE ISLAND
  • Tropical island, with its bountiful food and
    untouched beauty symbolizes paradise (Garden of
    Eden from which the boys can try to create the
    perfect society from scratch). However, the boys
    were not successful as evil was allowed to enter
    the garden.
  • CONCH SHELL
  • Rule of law, order and civilization. The high
    hand of authority. Used to call meetings, it is
    magical to the boys, who for the most part
    respect it. In the end, when it is destroyed,
    authority on the island is gone and Ralph is left
    to fend for himself.
  • PIGGYS GLASSES
  • Allows the boys to create fire (necessity of
    survival). Represents science and mankind's
    power to transform and remake their environments
    to best suit its needs (intelligence). Also,
    shows a slow and inescapable descent into anarchy
    and evil (Piggy possess them, then broken,
    finally stolen by Jack).

22
Symbols Continued
  • LORD OF THE FLIES
  • The Lord of the Flies, or the beast, inhabits
    the severed head of a pig staked into the ground.
    It symbolizes the evil that lies within every
    person. Lord of the Flies is a translation from
    the Hebrew word Beelzebub. In the bible,
    Beelzebub is the price of the devils. In the
    story the panic and decay that takes place is
    symbolized by this pigs head.
  • THE SCAR
  • A rip in the forest caused by the crash landing
    of the boys plane on the island. The scar
    symbolizes that man, and his savage nature,
    destroys paradise merely by entering it.
  • SIGNAL FIRE
  • The Signal Fire is a representation of
    commonsense and rescue from immorality. When the
    signal fire can no longer be lit, because Jack
    stole Piggys specs that light it, its beacon of
    hope and knowledge is no longer present to guide
    Ralph who must then be constantly reminded by
    Piggy about what is right.
  • THE BEAST
  • Represents the evil and fear that resides within
    man. The children were all aware that such a
    beast exists, but none of them realized (except
    Simon) that it lies within them. The Beast
    constantly plagues the Littluns who are the least
    conditioned by society.

23
Themes
  • Civilization vs. Savagery
  • Man vs. Nature (individual basis)
  • Individualism vs. Community
  • Loss of Innocence
  • The Nature of Evil
  • Human Nature

24
What makes us "civilized"?
  • There is a fine line between
  • civilized and uncivilized!
  • (according to Golding)

25
Time to test what you know!!!
  • http//nobelprize.org/educational_games/literature
    /golding/lof.html

26
TEST OUTLINE
  • Section A (1 mark each)
  • 6 fill in the blanks (word bank)
  • Section B (3 marks each)
  • 4 definitions (important ideas)
  • Section C (4 marks each)
  • Short answers
  • 5 questions answer 3
  • Section D (24 marks)
  • Short essay
  • Outline 4 marks
  • 10 marks organization, spelling, grammar, and
    clarity
  • 10 marks ideas and examples from novel
  • 5 questions answer 1
  • Section E (4 marks)
  • Quotation identification
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