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Caspian Sea

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Capital: Baku. Population: 8.6 Million (June 07) ... Finance Oguz-Qabala-Baku Water Supply System. Reconstruct Samur-Absheron Irrigation System ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Caspian Sea


1
Caspian Sea
  • October 9, 2007
  • Diana Dukart

2
Agenda
  • Background
  • 5 Littoral States
  • Wealth
  • Area Concerns
  • Gini Coefficient
  • Corruption Index
  • Solutions
  • Examples

3
Caspian Sea Background
  • Largest Enclosed Body of Water
  • Sea versus Lake Status
  • Endorheic
  • Natural Resources
  • Oil and Natural Gas
  • Sturgeon

4
Five Littoral States
  • Littoral Coast of an ocean or sea.

5
Azerbaijan
  • Capital Baku
  • Population 8.6 Million (June 07)
  • Religion 94 - 96 Muslim (70 Shia, 30 Sunni)
  • Demographic 96 Azeris, 3 Russian
  • GDP 91 Billion (2006)
  • Per Capita 7,500 
  • Economy Energy Based
  • 1994 State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic
    (SOCAR) signed 30 year contract with 13 oil
    companies (includes Amoco, BP, Exxon, LUKoil, and
    Statoil).
  • State Oil Fund of the Republic of Azerbaijan
    (SOFAZ) established in 2000 to manage the oil
    revenue and safeguard resources for future
    generations.

Ilham Aliyev President
6
Iran
  • Capital Tehran
  • Population 70.5 Million (2006)
  • Religion 98 Muslim (92 Shia and 8 Sunni)
  • Demographic 51 Persians, 24 Arezis, 8 Gilaki
    and Mazandarani, 7 Kurds
  • GDP 610 Billion (2006)
  • Per Capita 8,700 
  • Economy
  • 2nd largest Natural Gas Reserve, 3rd largest Oil
    Reserve
  • Investing in Automobile Manufacturing, Aerospace,
    Electronics, Petrochemicals, and Nuclear
    technology
  • Driven by Service Sector, Industry, and
    Agriculture

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad President
7
Kazakhstan
  • Capital Astana
  • Population 15.2 Million (2006)
  • Religion 54 Muslim, 12 Baptist, 11 Newly
    Founded, 8 Russian Orthodox
  • Demographic 63 Kazakhs, 23 Russian
  • GDP 145.5 Billion (2007)
  • Per Capita 9,594 
  • Economy Energy Based
  • Oil Exports 24 of GDP in 2003
  • Agriculture 14 of GDP in 2003

Nursultan Nazarbayev President
8
Russia
  • Capital Moscow
  • Population 143 Million (2006)
  • Religion 63 Russian Orthodox, 24 - 48
    Atheists. Muslim is the largest religious
    minority.
  • Demographic 80 Russian, 4 Tatar, 2 Ukrainian
  • GDP 1.7 Trillion (2006)
  • Per Capita 12,096
  • Economy Not Energy Based
  • Oil and Gas 5.7 of GDP
  • Largest Natural Gas reserve, 2nd largest coal
    reserve, and 8th largest oil reserve
  • Strong Internal Market
  • 2006 marked 8th straight year of growth,
    averaging 6.7 annually
  • Average salary increase 540/month August 2007
    vs. 65/month August 1999

Vladimir Putin President
9
Turkmenistan
  • Capital Ashgabat
  • Population 5 Million (2006)
  • Religion 89 Muslim, 9 Eastern Orthodox
  • Demographic 85 Turkmen, 5 Uzbek, 4 Russian
  • GDP 45 Billion (2006)
  • Per Capita 8,900
  • Economy
  • 10th largest Cotton producer
  • 5th largest Natural Gas Reserve
  • Two-Thirds goes through Gazprom
  • 2006 raised price from 65 to 100 per 1,000
    cubic meters
  • 2004 Unemployment Rate Estimated 60
  • Widespread Internal Poverty
  • High Foreign Debt (2001 Est 2.4B - 5B)
  • Resources are not Nationalized
  • Currency Reserves are held in Off-Budget Funds in
    the Deutsche Bank in Frankfurt

Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow President
10
Wealth
  • 141 Billion Barrels of Oil
  • 12.4 Trillion or 2.5 Trillion per State

11
GINI Coefficient
12
Corruption Perceptions Index
  • CPI Order Countries by Perceived Corruption
    Among Public Officials and Politicians
  • Higher is Perceived Less Corruption (Scale 0-10)

13
Corruption Perceptions Index
  • Least Corrupt
  • Denmark 9.4
  • Finland 9.4
  • New Zealand 9.4
  • Singapore 9.3
  • Sweden 9.3
  • Iceland 9.2
  • Netherlands 9.0
  • Switzerland 9.0
  • Canada 8.7
  • Norway 8.7
  • Australia 8.6
  • Luxembourg 8.4
  • United Kingdom 8.4
  • …
  • 20. United States 7.2
  • Most Corrupt
  • Myanmar 1.4
  • Somalia 1.4
  • Iraq 1.5
  • Haiti 1.6
  • Tonga 1.7
  • Uzbekistan 1.7
  • Afghanistan 1.8
  • Chad 1.8
  • Sudan 1.8
  • Democratic Republic of Congo 1.9
  • Equatorial Guinea 1.9
  • Guinea 1.9
  • Laos 1.9

14
Three Current Concerns
  • Natural Resources
  • Oil and Natural Gas
  • Fishing
  • Sturgeon Population and Caviar Exports
  • Water Access
  • Export Access and International Travel

15
Solutions
  • October 16, 2007 2nd Summit of the Heads of the
    Caspian States are meeting in Tehran

16
Solutions
  • Build New Pipelines
  • Trans-Caspian Sea
  • Iran-Persian Gulf
  • Turkmenistan-China
  • Turkmenistan-India

17
Solutions
  • Save the Fishing and Caviar Exports
  • Build Sewer Systems to Stop Pollution
  • Replenish fish stock
  • Stop poaching and over-fishing activities

18
Solutions
  • Reforest the land to gain Carbon Credits
  • Kyoto Protocol / Emission Trading

19
Azerbaijan State Oil Fund
  • Build Housing and Improve Socio-Economic
    Conditions for Refugees of Nagorno-Karabakh
    Conflict
  • Finance BTC Pipeline Project
  • Finance Oguz-Qabala-Baku Water Supply System
  • Reconstruct Samur-Absheron Irrigation System

20
Bolivia President Evo Morales
  • Nationalize Oil and Natural Gas
  • Agrarian Evolution

21
Ecuador - President Rafael Correa
  • Instituted 99 Windfall Tax for Foreign Oil
    Companies

22
Venezuela President Hugo Chavez
  • Establishing Bank of the South
  • Endorsed by Nobel Prize-Winning Economist Joseph
    Stiglitz

23
Questions?
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