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SA History Waves of Migration

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Bantu Culture. Migrated from Eastern Africa. Changes in civilization. Domesticated animals ... Bantu Migration Wave. Bantu. Khoikhoi. San. European Explorers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SA History Waves of Migration


1
SA HistoryWaves of Migration
2
San Culture
  • Hunter-gatherers
  • Rock paintings as early as 26,000 BP (Before
    Present)
  • Lived throughout southern Africa by 15,000 BP

3
San
San
4
Khoikhoi Culture
  • Developed separate from San around 2,500 BP
  • Larger and darker-skinned
  • Raised cattle (and other animals)
  • needed grazing land
  • Pushed San to margins
  • Kalahari desert

5
Khoikhoi Migration Wave
San
Khoikhoi
6
Bantu Culture
  • Migrated from Eastern Africa
  • Changes in civilization
  • Domesticated animals
  • Crops
  • Iron (by 200 BP)
  • 600 BP in eastern part of present-day SA

7
Bantu Migration Wave
Bantu
San
Khoikhoi
8
European Explorers
  • 1488 Dias circumnavigates southern tip of Africa
  • Vasco da Gama explores coast of present-day SA
  • 1500 Portuguese explorer killed by Khoikhoi
  • Europeans avoid deeper exploration

9
Dutch Settlers
  • 1652 Settlement of Cape Colony
  • Jan van Riebeeck
  • Dutch and Khoikhoi interaction
  • 1657 First farms
  • Effects on Khoikhoi
  • Lose land
  • disease
  • workers/servants for Dutch
  • intermarriage
  • culture destroyed

10
Boers
  • Boer farmer in Dutch
  • European immigration
  • Mainly French and German
  • Development of new culture
  • Trekboers (moving farmers)
  • migration w/o permission

11
Boer Migration
Xhosa
Boers
12
Boer-Xhosa Conflict
  • Xhosa and Boer meet at Fish River
  • Conflict
  • Treaty
  • Migration and more fighting

13
British Settlers
  • British goals - trade
  • 1806 Takes control of Cape Colony
  • British officials and soldiers
  • Boers keep sense of independence.
  • Early 1800s - Cape Colony population 25,000
    whites and 30,000 slaves/servants.

14
British Settlement
Xhosa
Boers
British
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