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National Research And Technology Audit Database


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Title: National Research And Technology Audit Database

CSIR A Working Example of Networking African
Research and Technology Organizations

Berenice Lue Marais Head CSIR Africa Business
The Concept
  • During the resurgence of industrialization
    throughout the world in the middle and late
    1960's a large number of industrial and
    technological research institutes were
  • It was soon recognized that there was a need to
    establish an association for effective liaison
    and exchange of ideas, information, experience
    and resources among research organizations, and
    to promote co-operation and mutual support at
    both the regional and international levels.
  • It is to fulfill this need that WAITRO was
    founded in October 1970 under United Nations
    auspices at a meeting attended by 96 officials
    representing industrial research organizations,
    and representatives of several governmental and
    non-governmental international bodies.
  • WAITRO collaborates with several institutes and
    organizations including agencies of the United
    Nations system, intergovernmental and
    non-governmental bodies, private industry and

Aims and Objectives
  • WAITRO's aims are to provide a voice for
    technological research and development, a global
    clearing-house for technological information, and
    an agency for promoting co-operation between
    research establishments from developed and
    developing countries.
  • These aims are achieved, inter alia, through
  • advancing the level and capabilities of member
    organizations through encouraging and
    facilitating the exchange of research results and
    technical know-how and the transfer of technology
    to industry
  • fostering and promoting co-operation between
    member organizations and other national and
    international agencies for the conduct of
    research and development
  • identifying areas of research where international
    or regional co-operation between members is
    needed. WAITRO assists members to locate funds
    for pilot projects which will often result in
    large full-scale collaborative projects. Recent
    collaborative initiatives have included various
    projects in the fields of food technology, best
    practices and information technology
  • arranging training programmes for staff of member
    institutes from developing countries, including
    management workshops for senior research and
    management staff and special in-plant courses for
    middle-level technical personnel. WAITRO's
    biennial international seminars bring together
    hundreds of research managers, administrators,
    funding agencies and other international research
    bodies to discuss issues of common interest.

  • Presentation of project ideasWAITRO assists
    members by helping to formulate their project
    ideas in a form acceptable to most international
    funding agencies.
  • Training and exchange of know-howMany research
    institutions in the industrialized world have
    found it beneficial to send their experts to work
    for short periods in developing countries.
    Through its extensive membership network, WAITRO
    is able to arrange local assistance.
  • Identification of sources of fundsWAITRO's
    "Directory of Source of Funds for International
    RD Co-operation" provides profiles of all major
    funding agencies for technological activities,
    especially for developing countries.
  • Consultancy servicesWAITRO members together
    employ several thousand scientists and
    technologists who are in close touch with their
    local industry, and many of them act as advisers
    to national governments on technological matters.
  • International contactsWAITRO maintains a
    comprehensive computerized database of its
    members and is thus able to match specific
    requests with the most appropriate potential
  • Current information on new technological
    trendsThe WAITRO Secretariat provides a central
    clearing-house for information on current
    international trends in industrial and
    technological research, and a channel for
    information exchange on projects and the results
    of research. Similarly, WAITRO members are kept
    informed about opportunities for international
    research funding, training, consultancy and
    contract research through its homepage

WAITRO Africa Regional Focal Point Network
Nigeria (4) 1. Foundation for African Development
Through International Biotechnology (FADIB) 2.
Federal Inst of Industrial Research, Oshodi
(FIIRO) 3. Projects Development Institute
(PRODA) 4.Technology Planning Development Unit
(TPDU) Raw Materials RD Council
Mali (1) 1. National Centre for Solare Energy
Renewable Energies (CNERSOLER)
Senegal (1) 1. Ecole Superieure Polytechnique
Kenya (4) 1. Appropriate Technology Centre Dept.
of Mechanical Engineering 2. Kenya Industrial
Research Development Institute (KIRDI) 3. Jomo
Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
Guinea (3) 1. Guinea Assoc. for Women in
Research 2. Direction Nationale de la Recherche
Scientifique et Technique 3. Laboratoire des
Composes Naturels Conakry
Niger (1) 1. Centre National dEnergie Solaire
Uganda (1) 1. Uganda Industrial Research
Institute (UIRI)
Ethiopia (1) 1. Ethiopian Health and Nutrition
Research Institute
Tanzania (3) 1. Institute of Production
Innovation, University of Dar es Salaam 2.
Tanzania Engineering. and Manufacturing Design
Org 3. Tanzania Industrial RD Organisation
Burkina Faso (3) 1. Laboratory of Applied Organic
Chemistry 2. Oagadougou Institute for Energy 3.
Department of Food Technology
Sierra Leone (1) 1. University RD Service Bureau
Rwanda (1) 1. Scientific and Technological
Research Institute
Cameroon (2) 1. Dept of Organic
Chemistry 2.Observatoire Camerounaise de Qualite
Cote DIviore (1) 1. Station de Recherches
Dem. Rep. of Congo (1) 1. Agro-Alimentary
Research Centre
Malawi (1) Malawi Industrial Research
Technology Development Centre (MIRTDC)
Ghana (7) 1. Building Road Research Inst
(BRRI) 2. Institute of Industrial Research 3.
Food Research Institute 4. Deng Limited 5. ST
Policy Research Institute 6.Savanna Agricultural
Research Institute 7. Biotechnology Nuclear
Agriculture Research Institute
Congo (1) 1. Centre de Recherche et dInitiation
des Projets de Technologie
Mauritius (1) 1. Small and Medium Industries
Development Organisation (SMIDO)
Botswana (3) 1. Botswana Technology
Centre 2.National Food Technology Research
Centre 3. Rural Industries Promotions Company
Zimbabwe (2) 1. Development Technology Centre 2.
Scientific Industrial RD Centre
Zambia (2) 1. Ntl Institute for Scientific and
Industrial Research 2. Small Enterprises
Development Board
Lesotho (1) 1. Appropriate Technology Section
South Africa CSIR - The Africa Regional Focal
Aims of Africa RFP WorkPlan (2002-2006)
  • To facilitate the exchange of ideas, information
    and experience among members
  • To advance the technical and managerial
    capabilities of members
  • To encourage and support co-operation at regional
    and international levels in technological
    research and its industrial application
  • To promote active engagement of African RTOs in
    the achievement of the objectives of New
    Partnership for Africas Development (NEPAD)
  • Mobilising Utilising Resources for Priorities
    of NEPAD - Conditions for Sustainable
    Development, Sectorial Priorities (ICT,
    Agriculture, Health, ST Platforms,etc).

Best Practices for the Management of Research and
Technology Organizations
  • WAITRO Benchmarking Study
  • The overall project objective was to identify,
    document and disseminate "best practices" found
    in RTOs in different parts of the world relating
    to their development of services to SMEs. The
    specific objectives involved in the research
    phase include
  • to identify RTO processes and practices including
    their underlying principles
  • to benchmark the practices
  • to identify "best practices" using appropriate
    measurement criteria
  • to examine the practices in relation to the
    prevailing national socio-economic conditions
  • to undertake a literature survey in order to
    assess various recomendations relating to RTO
    transformation, and
  • to establish realistic recommndations for
  • The project team contacted over 200 RTOs, funding
    agencies and industry associations during the
    research phase. This collaboration yielded the
    information required to carry out the
    identification of best practices. During the
    implementation phase the team selected and worked
    closely with about 15 RTOs.

Best Practices for the Management of Research and
Technology Organizations
  • Project Partners
  • DTI (Denmark), NISTADS (India), SRC (Canada)
  • FRI, IRI, SIC, FRIG, BRRI (Ghana)
  • KIRDI, ICIPE (Kenya)
  • CSIR (South Africa)
  • MRI, U of Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe)
  • Sponsors
  • International Development Research Centre, IRDC
  • Danish International Development Assistance,
    DANIDA (Denmark)
  • Duration 1995 - ongoing

EU-FP6 Biotechnology Projects
  • Six EU-FP6 Biotechnology Projects involving
    WAITRO Africa Members (Ghana. Nigeria, Kenya,
    Tanzania, Zimbabwe, South Africa Côte dIvoire
    and Sudan) and European partners (BFE in Germany,
    KVL in Denmark)
  • Implementation of on-going projects on
    Aflatoxins, Coffee, Cocoa and Soumbala
  • Seminars and programmes on Capability Building
    for Research and Development in Traditional
    Fermented Foods
  • Establishment of networks for the preparation of
    applications under FP6
  • Total value of projects up to 5.32 million
  • Two projects completed and 4 are ongoing up to

Incubators Programme
  • Sharing Experience in implementing Technology
    Based Incubators
  • To assist RTOs in the development of small
    businesses by sharing learning and experiences
  • Technology Based Incubators Workshop in SADC
  • 24 28 February 2003, Grand Bay, Mauritius
  • Technology Based Incubators Workshop in Pafos,
    Cyprus, on May 2002

Ongoing Incubator Implementation Programmes
  • Development of a a database of Incubators and
    Incubatees at national level and link through a
    global network to facilitate collaboration and
    sharing of experiences.
  • Development of an on-line system at that allows many to
    simultaneously add data
  • Preparation of an Incubator manual encompassing
    definitions, objectives, procedures, policy and
    flow charting of activities, best practices and
    pitfalls, success and failures, in the planning
    and management of Incubators that can be used for
    adaptation to suit the local environment
  • Preparation of an inventory of Incubators
    world-wide and compilation of country-wise
    monographs of incubator operations

WAITRO Africa Regional Focal Point Ms Berenice
Lue Marais Head CSIR Africa Business
Development P O Box 395, Pretoria, 0001, South
Africa Tel 27 12 841-2583/2200 Fax 27 12
841-3789 Email Internet
http// http//
NO7084141 ' Your Success is our Success'