Comprehensive Safety Analysis (CSA) 2010 A New Way To Measure and Address Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Industry Briefing October 2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Comprehensive Safety Analysis (CSA) 2010 A New Way To Measure and Address Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Industry Briefing October 2009


Limited intervention tool-box for safety investigators (SIs) ... Steff Copeland, State Enforcement Investigator, MO DOT | 9. CSA 2010 Defined ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comprehensive Safety Analysis (CSA) 2010 A New Way To Measure and Address Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Industry Briefing October 2009

Comprehensive Safety Analysis (CSA) 2010A New
Way To Measure and Address Commercial Motor
Vehicle SafetyIndustry BriefingOctober 2009
U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Motor
Carrier Safety Administration
Presentation Agenda
  • Why Change?
  • A Change to Save Lives
  • CSA 2010 Defined
  • Test and Implementation
  • Summary

Why Change?
Commercial Motor Vehicle Fatalities
Rate of Commercial Motor Vehicle Fatalities is
Leveling Off
A Need For A More Agile, Efficient Program
  • Current Operational Model Limitations
  • Limited intervention tool-box for safety
    investigators (SIs)
  • Safety fitness determination tied to compliance
  • Focus largely on carriers
  • Limited number of federal/state investigators
    compared to large number of carriers
  • U.S. Department of Transportations (U.S. DOT)
    Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
    (FMCSA) regulates 725,000 interstate and
    foreign-based truck and bus companies
  • U.S. DOT/FMCSA audit (Compliance Review) is labor
  • Only able to reach lt 2 (12,000) of total
    carrier population annually

A Change to Save Lives
Comprehensive Safety Analysis 2010
  • What is CSA 2010?
  • CSA 2010 is a pro-active initiative to improve
    the efficiency and effectiveness of FMCSAs
    enforcement and compliance program to achieve the
    Agencys mission to reduce commercial motor
    vehicle (CMV) crashes, fatalities, and injuries.

What is Changing?
  • The way FMCSA assesses carrier safety
  • Identifies unsafe carrier and driver behaviors
    that lead to crashes
  • Uses all safety-based roadside inspection
    violations count
  • Evaluates/tracks driver performance individually
  • How FMCSA addresses carrier safety issues
  • Reaches more carriers earlier and more frequently
  • Improves efficiency of investigations
  • Focuses on specific unsafe behaviors
  • Identifies root causes
  • Defines and requires corrective actions
  • How FMCSA promotes safety
  • Forces carriers/drivers to be accountable for
    their safety performance
  • Demands and enforces safe on-road performance
  • Makes more complete safety performance
    assessments publicly available

Early Results Are Promising
  • Eight states are testing model with promising
    results via earlier contact with more carriers
  • Carrier feedback is generally positive an
    investigator in the test state of Missouri
  • the new model has had a positive reaction from
    most carriers.  Many are trying to do well but
    sometimes do not realize they have deficiencies
    or problems in one area or another.  Carriers
    also like that CSA 2010 allows us to do a focused
    investigation on the specific areas that have
    violation problems and to identify the process
    breakdowns in their safety management systems to
    help them correct the deficiency.
  • - Steff Copeland, State Enforcement
    Investigator, MO DOT

CSA 2010 Defined
A New Operational Model (Op-Model)
Op-Model Three Core Components
  1. New Safety Measurement System (SMS)Improved
    ability to identify demonstrated safety problems
  2. Proposed change for evaluation new approach to
    the Safety Fitness Determination (SFD)SFD tied
    to current safety performance not limited to
    acute/critical violations from a Compliance
  3. New intervention processEmploys an array of
    interventions instead of the single option,
    labor-intensive compliance review

New Safety Measurement System
  • CSA 2010 introduces a new safety measurement
    system (SMS) that
  • Uses crash records and ALL roadside inspection
    safety-based violations to determine
    carrier/driver safety
  • Weights time and severity of violations based on
    relationship to crash risk
  • Triggers the intervention process (eventually
    will feed the proposed Safety Fitness
  • Calculates safety performance based on 7 Behavior
    Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories

  • SMS BASICs focus on behaviors linked to crash
  • Unsafe Driving (Parts 392 397)
  • Fatigued Driving (Hours-of-Service)
  • Parts 392 395)
  • Driver Fitness (Parts 383 391)
  • Controlled Substances/Alcohol (Parts 382 392)
  • Vehicle Maintenance (Parts 393 396)
  • Cargo Related (Parts 392, 393, 397 HM)
  • Crash Indicator

SafeStat vs SMS
Todays Measurement System SafeStat CSA 2010 SMS
Organized by four broad categories - Safety Evaluation Areas (SEAs) Accident, Driver, Vehicle, and Safety Management Organized by seven specific Behavior Analysis Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs)
Identifies carrier for a compliance review (CR) Identifies safety problems to determine who to investigate and where to focus the investigation
From roadside inspections, uses only out-of-service (OOS) and moving violations Emphasizes on-road safety performance, using all safety-based road-side inspection violations
No impact on safety rating Used to propose adverse safety fitness determination based on carriers current on-road safety performance (future)
Violations are not weighted based on relationship to crash risk Violations are weighted based on relationship to crash risk
Assesses carriers only Two distinct safety measurement systems-one for individual carriers and one for individual commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers
Driver Safety Measurement System (DSMS)
  • DSMS quantifies commercial motor vehicle (CMV)
    driver performance in terms of BASICs, using
    available roadside performance data
  • Allows Safety Investigators (SI) to see an
    individual CMV drivers safety record across
  • Allows SIs to examine drivers who have been cited
    for severe driver violations, in conjunction with
    carrier interventions
  • May result in driver Notice of Violation or
    Notice of Claim based on driver violation history
    across current and previous employers

Commonly Asked Question About Driver Data
  • When Will Carriers Have Access to Driver Data for
    Employment Decisions?
  • FMSCAs Driver Information Resource (DIR)
    attributes roadside inspection and crash data to
    individual CMV drivers
  • Driver Profiles from DIR that contain
    inspection and crash histories for individual
    drivers will be made available through FMCSAs
    Commercial Driver Pre-employment Screening
    Program (PSP) later in 2009 drivers would
    authorize release of profiles
  • FMCSA is negotiating with 3rd party vendors to
    provide access to PSP data for carriers and

Example of SafeStat vs SMS
The following slides provide examples of key
differences between SafeStat and the new SMS
Carrier Measurement SafeStat Results
Carrier Measurement SMS Results
Violation Details Provided in SMS
Further Drilldown in SMS
Carrier Access to Data
  • When will the Carrier SMS data be made available?
  • Currently, only test state carriers have access
    to Carrier SMS data, by using the Comprehensive
    Safety Information (CSI) system
  • The Carrier SMS data will be accessible beyond
    the test states when CSA 2010 begins full
    implementation in summer 2010

Safety Fitness Determination Current Limitations
  • The current safety rating/SFD process has
  • Only issued with on-site Compliance Review
    (resource intensive)
  • Only a snapshot of carrier compliance taken at
    the time of most recent Compliance Review
  • Safety ratings (Sat, Conditional or Unsat) are
    often outdated and may not reflect current safety
  • Heavily based on violations deemed critical or
  • Unsatisfactory/Unfit SFD rating requires multiple
    areas of deficiency

Proposed Change to the SFD Process
  • Proposed change would
  • Incorporate on-road safety performance via new
    SMS on a monthly basis
  • Continue to include major safety violations found
    as part of CSA 2010 investigations
  • Produce a Safety Fitness Determination of
  • Unfit or
  • Marginal or
  • Continue Operation

Draft rulemaking is currently in review within
FMCSA NPRM scheduled to be published Fall 09.
Benefits of the Proposed CSA 2010 SFD
  • Maximizes the use of data collected during
    roadside inspections
  • Approx. 3 million inspections performed annually
  • Creates carrier accountability for sustained
    unsafe operations and performance
  • Assesses more carriers based on current safety

CSA 2010 issues safety ratings within the
existing regulatory framework. This will continue
until the SFD rule goes into effect
New Interventions Process
  • The New Interventions Process addresses the
  • WHAT
  • Discovering violations anddefining the problem
    (similar to current model), but also expanding
    to include the why and how
  • WHY Identifying the cause or where the
    processes broke down
  • HOW Determining how to fix it/prevent it through
    use of Safety Management Cycle and Safety
    Improvement Resources

Safety Management Cycle
New Intervention Tools
  • New intervention tools reach more carriers and
    influence safety compliance earlier
  • Warning Letters
  • Investigations
  • Offsite Investigations
  • Onsite Investigations - Focused
  • Onsite Investigations - Comprehensive
  • Follow-on corrective actions
  • Cooperative Safety Plan (CSP)
  • Notice of Violation (NOV)
  • Notice of Claim (NOC)
  • Operations Out-of-Service Order (OOS)

Current vs CSA 2010 Intervention Process
Current CR Process CSA 2010 Intervention Process
Broad one-size fits-all investigation regardless of extent or scope of safety deficiencies Array of interventions can be tailored to address extent and scope of specific safety deficiencies
Resource intensive for agency and time consuming for carrier/fewer carriers contacted Less resource intensive for agency and less time consuming for carrier/more carriers contacted
Focuses on broad compliance based on rigid set of acute/critical violations Focuses on improving behaviors that are linked to crash risk
Discover what violations exist Discover what safety problem(s) are and why they exist, to facilitate corrective action
Major safety problems result in fines (Notice of Claim (NOC)) When problems found, major focus on carrier proving corrective action significant problems continue to result in fines
Focuses on carrier Expands focus to include investigating individual drivers
What Can Carriers Do To Prepare Now?
  • Learn more about CSA http//
  • Understand the BASICs
  • Check the site for implementation schedule
  • Sign up for latest news RSS/listserv
  • Check and update records
  • Motor Carrier Census (Form MCS -150)
  • Inspection and crash report
  • Ensure compliance
  • Review inspections and violation history over
    the past 2 years
  • Address safety problems now
  • Educate drivers about how their performance
    impacts their own driving record and the safety
    assessment of the carrier

CSA 2010 Test and Implementation
CSA 2010 Field Test
  • Op-Model Field Test Design
  • Design completed January 2008
  • Divides representative carriers into
  • comparable test and control groups
  • Op-Model Field Test
  • February 2008 June 2010
  • Designed to test validity, efficiency and
    effectiveness of new model
  • Independent evaluation by University of
  • Michigan Transportation Research Institute
  • Colorado, Georgia, Missouri, New Jersey

100 States in Field Test
  • Additional states
  • Spring 2009 MT, MN
  • Fall 2009 KS, MD
  • 100 of the State participates in CSA 2010
  • Offers a more accurate picture of efficiencies,
    capabilities and benefits
  • Tests integration with national program goals and
    Congressional mandates
  • Provides more data to evaluate test including
    workload and workforce analyses

Preliminary Results
  • So far, CSA 2010 is
  • Reaching its goal of contacting more carriers
  • One objective of CSA 2010 was to conduct more
    investigations per FTE, per month
  • This goal is being met or exceeded by test state
  • Resulting in strong enforcement similar to
    current model
  • Employing the full array of investigations to
    achieve efficiency and effectiveness
  • Investigations in test states have been done in
    the following proportions
  • Onsite Investigations Comprehensive (25)
  • Onsite Investigations Focused (45)
  • Offsite Investigations (30)

More Preliminary Results
  • Warning letters are having a positive impact
  • About 4,000 sent
  • 45 of recipients logged in to view safety scores
  • Feedback from test states indicate that carriers
    appreciate the early alert carrier
    officials thanked us for notifying them of their
    safety problems once carrier officials
    understand that the new system enables them to
    identify their problem drivers, a light goes on.
    They see CSA 2010 as a tool that they can use to
    stress the importance of roadside inspections
    with their drivers, to hold their drivers
    accountable for their on-road safety performance,
    and to thereby improve their companies overall
    safety performance. - Daniel Drexler,
    Division Administrator in Minnesota

National Implementation Elements and Timeline
  • Summer 2010
  • Replace SafeStat with SMS
  • Inspect carriers with deficient BASICs on the
  • July through December 2010
  • Roll out interventions tool box
  • Send warning letters nationwide

In Summary
  • CSA 2010 introduces improvements in three main
  • New Safety Measurement System
  • More comprehensive
  • Better able to pinpoint safety problems
  • Better identifies high crash-risk behavior
  • Proposed change in evaluation Safety Fitness
  • Assess safety performance of larger segment of
  • Based on roadside performance and intervention
  • New interventions process and tools
  • More efficient/effective enforcement and
    compliance process
  • Wider range of interventions to influence
    compliance earlier
  • Match intervention with level of safety

For more information, see