Michigan Biosolids Seminar February 21, 2008 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Michigan Biosolids Seminar February 21, 2008

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Michigan Biosolids Seminar February 21, 2008 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Michigan Biosolids Seminar February 21, 2008


1
Michigan Biosolids Seminar February 21, 2008
News From The Field
2
Biosolids Management in Michigan
  • Tonnage Fees
  • Liquid Application
  • Cake Application
  • Mine Reclamation
  • Forest Application
  • Class A
  • Michigan Biosolids Team Regulatory Affairs
    Activities
  • Research Projects

3
Year Landfilled Incinerated Land Applied Total
1997 No Data N/A No Data N/A 85,525 N/A N/A
1998 No Data N/A No Data N/A 84,712 N/A N/A
1999 No Data N/A No Data N/A 77,405 N/A N/A
2000 116,976 36 121,497 38 83,139 26 309,877
2001 96,589 30 138,711 44 82,755 26 318,055
2002 152,445 39 140,455 36 94,394 24 387,608
2003 153,504 42 127,840 35 81,048 22 362,392
2004 109,335 29 175,871 47 88,312 24 373,538
2005 176,995 43 147,673 36 88,616 21 413,241
2006 122,681 35 135,916 39 93,151 26 342,094
2007 95,182 28 152,542 46 87,324 26 335,048
4
MDEQ Biosolids Land Application Fees
FY Yr Expenses FTE Dry Tons Fee Notes
1997 N/A N/A 85,525 N/A Act 129 Passed
1998 N/A N/A 84,712 4.00
1999 N/A N/A 77,405 6.57
2000 N/A N/A 83,139 5.72
2001 N/A N/A 82,755 5.61
2002 519,839 5.51 94,394 5.79
2003 515,248 5.21 81,048 5.31
2004 621,161 7.16 88,312 4.99 34,263 Admin
2005 676,275 7.12 88,616 5.07 36,300 Admin
2006 621,974 5.42 93,151 7.10 38,700 Admin
2007 619,182 5.9 87,324 7.44 23,977 Admin
5
Wastewater Treatment Facilities
  • 186 facilities
  • 7,324 dry tons
  • 92 of land applied biosolids

6
Wastewater Stabilization Lagoons
  • 10 WWSL facilities
  • 6691 Dry Tons
  • 8 of land applied biosolids

7
Subsurface Injection
  • 84,291 dry tons
  • 97 of biosolids produced are liquid applied

8
Surface Application
  • 500 dry tons
  • lt1 of biosolids produced are surface applied
  • 38 Volatile Reduction

38 Volatile Reduction
9
Cake Surface Application
  • 2,533 dry tons
  • 3 of biosolids produced are cake applied

10
Incorporation
  • Achieve vector attraction
  • Maximize nitrogen value
  • Minimize potential public relations issues

11
Field Storage
12
Genesee County - Linden
  • 1171 dry tons/yr
  • 30 Cake
  • 6 liquid

13
Genesee County - ATRP
  • 8,239 Dry Tons/Yr
  • 7 Total Solids
  • 10,000 Wt Cake

14
Cost Comparison Landfilling vs Land Application
  • ll
  • jj

150-250/dry ton
200-300/dry ton
15
CLASS A BIOSOLIDS
16
CITY OF KALAMAZOO
  • 4 2 Meter Belt Filter Presses
  • 120 dt/day Class A RDP process for
    pasteurization
  • Lime addition to raise pH to 12.0 temperature
    to 158o F
  • 30 Minute Retention time

Kalamazoo Class A Product
3,785 Dry tons applied in 2006 424 dry tons
applied in 2007
17
DELTA TOWNSHIP
  • 764 Dry Tons/Yr
  • Anaerobic digestion (94 degrees F)
  • Ferric lime conditioning
  • 45 TS cake
  • 503.32 Class A Alternative 3
  • Fecal
  • Helmenthova
  • Enteric Viruses
  • Surface applied with field Gymmy
  • Incorporated w/in 48 hours
  • Fertilizing radish fields

18
City of Cadillac
  • Using mesophyllic anaerobic digestion
  • Achieves Class A designation
  • Fecal
  • Helmenthova
  • Enteric Viruses

327 dt/yr liquid injected
19
City of Midland
20
  • Midland Composted Biosolids 2006
  • Organic Matter 50
  • pH 6.8
  • CN 131
  • Soluble Salts 3.3
  • Total N 1.7
  • Phosphorous P 1.7
  • Potassium K 0.4
  • Calcium Ca 3.7
  • Bulk Density 1000lb/ cu. yd
  • l

21
Big Fish - Charlevoix
Exceptional Quality Class A Biosolids Exceptional Quality Class A Biosolids
   
Total Solids (dry) 41.20
Total Organic Nitrogen 24.0 lbs per ton
Plant Available Nitrogen 12.0 lbs per ton
Ammonia 0.026 per ton
Fecal Coliform lt 100 gram of total solids/dry wt.
Salmonella lt 3 per 4 grams of total solids/dry wt.
pH 7.0
22
Three Rivers
  • Centrifuge produces 26 dewatered cake
  • Thermal Dryer produces 90 Total Solids
  • Class A/EQ product
  • 472 dt/yr processed
  • Autothermal Thermophyllic Aerobic Digestion
    (ATAD)
  • Pressurized jet aeration system to maximize
    oxygen transfer
  • Aerobic reactions heat biosolids to 58-63o C
  • 10-15 day SRT Required
  • 1-9 hr detention time required for pathogen
    kill
  • 46-55 VS Reduction
  • Produces Class A/EQ Pasteurized product

23
Grand Valley Regional Biosolids Authority
GR produces 16000 dt/yr
Wyoming produces 8000 dt/yr
24
Michigan Biosolids Team Activities
25
February 26, 2007
April 11, 2007
June 20, 2007
June 28, 2007
26
Gerber Foods - Fremont
  • Raw animal manure may be applied incorporated
    minimum of 6 months before harvest
  • Completely composted animal manure may be
    applied a minimum of 120 days before harvest
  • Biosolids may be applied not less than 36 months
    from application to harvest must comply with
    503 state regulations

27
Bio-diesel
  • July 2006 Governor Granholm signed bills w/ 200M
    incentives for increase production use of
    renewable fuels
  • European biodiesel uses canola
  • US biodiesel uses soybean
  • Soybean

28
Crop Production Statistics
Crop Type Crop Year 1000 Acres Planted 1000 Acres Harvested Yield Bushel/Acre Production 1000 Acres Price Per Bushel Dollar Value of Production
Soybeans 2005 2000 1990 38.5 76615 5.73 439,004,000
Soybeans 2006 2000 1990 45 89550 6.27 546,255,000
Soybeans 2007 1750 1740 39 67860 10.40 (1) 705,744,000
Soybeans 2008         9.60 (1)  
(1) Commodity Market Outlook, Michigan State
University, Jim Hilker National data
Source National Agricultural Statistics
Service/Michigan Department of Agriculture
29
Ethanol
  • Currently five facilities in Michigan producing
    ethanol
  • Use starch or sugar based products
  • Potatoes
  • wheat
  • sorghum
  • Corn
  • Corn has been go to source due to its abundance
    cost

30
Crop Production Statistics
Crop Type Crop Year 1000 Acres Planted 1000 Acres Harvested Yield Bushel/Acre Production 1000 Acres Price Per Bushel Dollar Value of Production
Corn 2005 2250 2010 143 287430 1.88 540,368,000
Corn 2006 2200 1960 147 288120 3.10 921,984,000
Corn 2007 2650 2350 124 291400 4.00 (1) 1,165,600,000
Corn 2008         4.40(1)  
Crop Type Crop Year 1000 Acres Planted 1000 Acres Harvested Yield Bushel/Acre Production 1000 Acres Price Per Bushel Dollar Value of Production
Wheat 2005 600 590 66 38940 3.13 121,882
Wheat 2006 660 650 73 47450 3.41 161,330
Wheat 2007 560 540 65 35100 5.30 (2) 186,030,000
Wheat 2008         5.60 (2)  
  1. Commodity Market Outlook, Michigan State
    University, Jim Hilker National data
  2. Commodity Market Outlook, Michigan State
    University. Jim Hilker Michigan data

Source National Agricultural Statistics
Service/Michigan Department of Agriculture
31
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32
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33
  • Q. When we are land applying biosolids for more
    than 2 days in a row, why are we required to
    collect daily biosolids samples for percent total
    solids even though we have a percent total solids
    value on the sample we analyzed for metals?
  • A. When the land application period lasts for
    more than 2 consecutive days, the DEQ has found
    that the percent solids analysis provided on the
    analytical report for metals and nutrients is
    often not representative of the percent total
    solids of biosolids actually land applied.
    Because R 323.2406(1) requires that a person
    collect and analyze representative samples, the
    DEQ typically does require daily percent total
    solids analysis, unless information can be
    provided demonstrating that the initial data is
    representative (i.e., mechanical plant with good
    mixing). The daily percent solids results should
    be utilized when calculating daily application
    rates and reporting dry tons land applied.
  • A related issue regarding lagoon cleaning
    projects is that the composite samples collected
    for the RMP approval often overestimate the
    concentration of available nutrients and
    underestimate the total percent solids of the
    biosolids being applied to land after a few days
    of cleaning operations inside the lagoon. This
    phenomenon is likely due to the mixing of the
    biosolids with the clay particles from upper
    portions of clay liners disrupted from equipment
    working inside the lagoon. To address this
    situation and provide the most representative
    data possible (in addition to the sampling for
    metals, nutrients, and fecal coliform prior to
    beginning the project), the DEQ have begun
    requiring the sample plan in the lagoon RMP to
    include a commitment to analyze a minimum of 2
    additional composite samples for available
    nutrients in addition to the daily percent solids
    collected during the course of the lagoon
    cleaning. This data should then be used in
    reporting dry tons and nutrients land applied.
  • For more clarification on this requirement,
    please contact your District DEQ Biosolids
    Specialist.

34
Research Projects
35
WERF Biosolids Research Projects
  • Evaluation of Processes to Reduce Activated
    Sludge Solids Generation
  • Examination of Reactivation Regrowth of
    Fecal Coliforms in Centrifuge Dewatered,
    Anaerobically Digested Sludges
  • Optimization of Wastewater Solids
    Operations
  • Eliminate or Reduce Odors Associated with
    Biosolids
  • Evaluating Communicating Whether Human
    Health is at Risk from Land Applied Biosolids

36
Land Application of Biosolids Pathogen Risk
Assessment
  • Risk Assessment model will be developed at Drexel
    University
  • University of Arizona will contribute existing
    data
  • Two (2) Michigan sites will be sampled by
    Michigan State University
  • Treated biosolids prior to land application
  • Groundwater surface runoff (drain tiles) at the
    application site
  • Sample aerosols with automatic samplers

37
MSU NSF RESEARCH PROPOSAL
  • Research on viruses from animal manure
    biosolids that are land applied
  • Evaluate the movement of those viruses through
    groundwater
  • Compare aerobic anaerobic biosolids using
    lysimeter

38
Upper Penninsula Public Relations Team
  • 18 communities land apply
  • 2 communities landfill
  • 3 communities apply out of MI
  • U.P averages 1900 tons/year

39
U.P. Upgrades
  • Gladstone
  • new 500,000 gallon storage tank
  • purchased property for forest application
  • Escanaba - Continues their excellent forest
    application program
  • Menominee is in the process of bidding out
    for additional storage
  • Lanse, Norway, Newberry, Portage Lake have
    self application programs
  • Ironwood and Iron Mountain apply to the
    Packer land

40
Marquette WWTP Upgrade
  • Marquette is in the process of a 16,000,000
    plant upgrade project
  • SRF Funding
  • Replacing RBC technology with an activated
    sludge process
  • SCADA,
  • Thickening,
  • Digester rehab,
  • Chemical system,
  • Bio-P capabilities
  • Completion October 27, 2008 (1200 p.m.)

41
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42
Kevin Chandler, Vice President Biotech
Agronomics kchandler_at_biotechag.com 231-325-5011 61
6-821-5850 cell
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