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Title:

The Scarlet Letter

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Wild rose bush Hester. Beadle Dimmesdale. Letter A Chillingworth ... Hester summarizes the relationship between Roger Chillingsworthand Arthur Dimmesdale. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Scarlet Letter


1
The Scarlet Letter
  • Author Nathaniel Hawthorne

2
Genre
  • Symbolic, semi allegorical
  • Historical fiction
  • Romance (in the sense that it rejects realism in
    favor of symbols)

3
Time and Place Setting
  • Salem and Concord, Massachusetts in the late
    1840s
  • Published in 1850
  • Setting- 17th century

4
Narrator Point of View Protagonist
  • Unnamed customhouse surveyor who writes 200 years
    after the events took place
  • Omniscient Narrator
  • Hester PrynneP

5
Symbols
  • The prison Puritan community
  • Wild rose bush Hester
  • Beadle Dimmesdale
  • Letter A Chillingworth
  • Scaffold Pearl
  • Sun/night Mistress Hibbins
  • Forest Rev. Wilson
  • Brook Gov. Bellingham

6
Tone and Themes
  • Varies
  • Themes universal sinfulness of mankind
    (concealed)
  • Horror and fatality of being isolated from God
    and man.
  • Perils of the individual in the new world
  • Moral and psychological states
  • Life represented as complex and capable of
    various interpretations.

7
Structure
  • Unity of place- never moves beyond Boston and the
    forest at the outskirts of town
  • Chs I-IV one day
  • Chs V- VI three years
  • Chs IX, X, XI- no sense of time. Hester
    summarizes the relationship between Roger
    Chillingsworthand Arthur Dimmesdale.
  • Chs XII- seven years since Ch. 1
  • Chs XVII, XX- one day
  • Chs XXII, XXIV one day

8
Motifs and Style
  • Night/day
  • Evocative
  • Style language
  • Sentence structure
  • Punctuation
  • Narrative method, historical narrative, dramatic
    scenes
  • Author intrusion

9
Elements of Hawthornes Style
  • Sharp accurate detail
  • Similes
  • Metaphors
  • Personification
  • Irony
  • Foreshadowing
  • Special use of the supernatural

10
Theme
  • Sin
  • Nature of evil
  • Identity
  • Society

11
General Characteristics of Puritanism in the 17th
Century
  • Preoccupied with punishing and wiping out all
    evidence of sinfulness
  • Rules of morality and behavior extremely strict.
  • No plays on Sunday
  • Adultery was a major crime punished by death
  • Good life devoted to work
  • Belief in witches who were instruments of the
    devil.
  • Pleasure as an aim in life frowned upon.
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