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EU port policy


Communication on European seaport policy action programme (Expected 17 October ... Evolution of governance in European seaports ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EU port policy

  • EU port policy
  • An example of unique EU policy making
  • Visit of the College of Europe to the Port of
  • 19 September 2007, Zeebrugge
  • Lieselot Marinus

I. A few words about ESPO
  • Founded in 1993
  • Represents European seaport authorities
  • Members from EUEEA
  • Secretariat in Brussels
  • Recognised counterpart of EU institutions

Key objectives of ESPO
  • To ensure that the economic importance of
    European ports is recognised in the EU
  • To ensure that the sector is consulted
    substantively on any measure likely to affect
  • To promote free and fair competition in the port
  • To ensure that European ports play their full
    part in delivering economic efficiency 
  • To promote the highest possible safety standards
    in European ports 
  • To encourage ports to be proactive
  • in protecting the environment.

II. EU port policy to date (I)
  • EU port policy as such is not -yet- existing, but
    ports are affected by other EU policies
  • Intermodality Motorways of the Sea Short Sea
    shipping Marco Polo
  • - Environment
  • Port development Implementation Natura 2000
    legislation (Birds and Habitats Directives),
    Water Framework Directive (implications dredging)
  • Port operations Air quality (Clean Air for
  • Ship-shore interface Port reception facilities,
    Ship emissions
  • Maritime safety (Erika I and II packages) 3rd
  • Maritime Safety Package (now in Parliament and
  • Focus on quality EU flags, port state control,
    classification societies, accident investigations
    and shipowner liability
  • For ports ship reporting (SafeSeaNet) and places
    of refuge

II. EU port policy to date (II)
  • EU port policy as such is not -yet- existing, but
    ports are affected by other EU policies
  • - Security Harmonized legislation for all EU
  • Regulation 725/2004 on ship and port facility
    security (ISPS)
  • Directive 2005/65/EC on enhancing port security
  • - Customs
  • - Logistics policy
  • - Maritime policy
  • - Overall transport policy
  • -

III. The Port Package saga example of unique EU
policy making
What happened before?
  • 1997, European Transport Commissioner Neil
    Kinnock (Ireland Commission Santer ) writes a
    Green Paper on Sea Ports and Maritime
  • The Green Paper proposes among other things
    measures to regulate market access to port
  • 1998, the European Commission organises a major
    public debate on its Green Paper
  • Most participants believe port financing should
    be the principal theme of a European port policy
  • The European Parliament and the Council of
    Ministers follow this line

First proposal for a Directive on market access
to port services
  • Brussels, 13 February 2001
  • European Transport Commissioner Loyola de Palacio
    (Spain Commission Prodi) submits her first
    proposal for a port services Directive
  • Initial reactions are divided
  • But only few dispute the need for a European

Port services cargo-handling
Towage, mooring and pilotage
  • 2001, Directive goes through first reading in
  • For the time being nobody seems very worried
    about self-handling
  • Madrid, June 2002, Spanish Presidency Council of
    Ministers wants a Directive at any price
  • Resistance to self-handling mounts strikes and
    demonstrations follow
  • Parliament starts second reading but is bound by
    its position in first reading

  • European Parliament Strasbourg, 20 November
  • Parliament and Council reach consensus on the
    Directive through the conciliation procedure
    but fail to agree on self-handling
  • Parliament rejects compromise text with a
    marginal difference of about 20 votes

Second proposal for a Directive on market access
to port services
  • Cruise Terminal - Rotterdam, 17 June 2004
  • At the ESPO annual conference, Loyola de Palacio
    announces a second port services Directive
  • Trade unions speak of a declaration of war
  • On 13 October 2004 De Palacio publishes the
  • No-one is warmly enthusiast about the second
    proposal but constructive salvage operations are

  • November 2005, EP Transport Committee unable to
    agree on a Report
  • Almost all parties now openly ask for withdrawal
    or rejection of the Directive
  • European Parliament - Strasbourg, 18 January 2006
  • Dock labour unions organise strikes and a massive
    demonstration which turns into unseen violence
  • Parliament massively rejects the Directive
  • Transport Commissioner Barrot withdraws the
    Directive on 8 March 2006

IV. Future EU port policy
  • My ambition is to achieve a broadly based port
    policy which promotes investments, sustainable
    growth and employment
  • EU Commissioner for Transport Jacques Barrot,
    ESPO Conference 2006, Stockholm

Overview of the consultation process
Purpose Identify core elements of a new European port policy
Objective A policy that promotes investments, sustainable growth and employment in the port sector
Themes Relations between port authorities and service providers, port financing and State aid, sustainable development of port capacity, port labour and technical-nautical services, integrating ports in the supply chain, competition with non-EU ports, perception of ports
Process Kick-off ESPO 2006 Conference Stockholm, 1-2 June 2006 Six regional workshops November 2006 May 2007 Finish ESPO 2007 Conference Algeciras, 31 May 1 June 2007
End product Communication on European seaport policy action programme (Expected 17 October 2007)
Theme 1 Relations port authorities - service providers Networking capacity port authorities Co-operation and competition rules
Theme 2 Port financing and State aid Financial autonomy port management Use of public funding for port projects
Theme 3 Sustainable development of capacity Legal certainty environmental rules Co-operation to create capacity
Theme 4 Solving bottlenecks in ports Port labour Technical-nautical services
Theme 5 Solving bottlenecks in supply chain Customs administrative procedures Trans-European Transport Networks
Theme 6 Overall competitiveness EU ports Fair competition with non-EU ports RTD projects
Awaiting 17 October 2007 Communication on EU
port policy
  • The future port policy should provide a solid
    basis for creating ports for all seasons
  • EU Commissioner for Transport Jacques Barrot at
    the ESPO conference 2007, Algeciras (1 June 2007)

Issues for further research
  • Upcoming EU initiatives (October 2007)
  • Maritime Blue Paper,
  • Common European Maritime Space,
  • EU ports policy,
  • EU logistics policy
  • Port governance
  • Evolution of governance in European seaports
  • Productivity of European seaports (international
  • Tariff structure of European seaports
  • Managing stakeholder relations in ports
  • The influence of global terminal operators on
    port competition
  • Sustainable port development
  • Corporate social responsibility of ports
  • Socio-economic impact of European seaports
  • Assessment of environmental management in
    European ports
  • Spatial planning as a tool to create legal
    certainty for port development

Thank you for your attention
  • For more questions/information lieselot.marinus_at_e or